2مَ مِ مُ فَ فِ فُ عَ عِ عُ سَ سِ سُ Mechanism of QalqalaVoweled letters are produced by parting the two components of the articulated parts accompanied by opening of the mouth, circulating of the lips, or lowering of the jaw.For example:مَ مِ مُ فَ فِ فُ عَ عِ عُ سَ سِ سُ
3Mechanism of Qalqala م ف ع س ج ر Saakin letters are produced by collision of the two components of the articulated parts without any mouth or jaw movement.For example:م ف ع س ج ر
4Mechanism of Qalqala قطب جد = ق ط ب ج د However.... The qalqala letters when they have a sukoon on them have violated the mechanism of articulating saakin letters.قطب جد = ق ط ب ج د
5Mechanism of Qalqala Because... The qalqala letters have the characteristic of shiddah الشِّدَّة (the sound does not run at all when these letters articulated with sukoon).Causing annoyance in the articulation point due to the imprisonment of the sound behind the articulation point.
6Mechanism of Qalqala Solution... To overcome this annoyance, qalqala letters when they have sukoon on them:are produced by parting the two components of the articulated parts. Contrary to the rest of the saakin letters.Without any correspondent movement of the mouth and jaw.
7Difference between saakin letter, qalqala letter and voweled letter Mechanism of QalqalaDifference between saakin letter, qalqala letter and voweled letterMechanism of articulationCorresponding mouth/jaw movementSaakin letterCollision of articulated partsNoneQalqala letterParting of articulated partsVowled letterMovement
8Definition of Qalqala Disturbance of the letter when in the state of sukoonto the extent of hearing a strong accentas it is articulated by the parting of the two components of the articulation partswithout accompanying it any opening of the mouth, not circulating of the lips, nor lowering of the jaw.
10Note...The qalala does not resemble a fetha nor a dhammah nor a kesrah.The qalala does not take the vowel of the proceeding letter nor the following letter.
11Merged qalaqala letter For example:الحَجُّ جْ + جُ = جُّArticulated by parting of two components of articulated parts (hence qalqala)Articulated by collision of two components of articulated parts (hence no qalqala)
12Mechanism of articulation Corresponding mouth/jaw movement Different states of Qalqala lettersMechanism of articulation Corresponding mouth/jaw movementQalqala?ExampleMerged saakin qalqala letterCollision of articulated partsNoneFirst ب in تَبَّNon-merged saakin Qalqala letterParting of articulated partsYESSecond بَ in تَبَّVowled qalqala letterMovementأَصْحابُ
13Divisions of qalaqala القَلقَلَةُ الكُبرى القَلقَلَةُ الصُّغرى The Greater Qalqalaالقَلقَلَةُ الصُّغرىThe lesser Qalqala
14Divisions of qalaqala القَلقَلَةُ الصُّغرى قَدْ أَفْلَحَ يَطْمَعُون The lesser QalqalaQalqala in middle or end of word and not stopping at the word.Say qalqala then proceed to next letter.قَدْ أَفْلَحَ يَطْمَعُون
15Divisions of qalaqala القَلقَلَةُ الكُبرى The Greater Qalqala Qalqala at the end of a word and stopping at the word.Say qalqala more clearer than the lesser qalqala.الطَّارِق
16Practice of qalaqala Open on surah Al-Buruj Surah number 85 Page 590