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القلقلة. Mechanism of Qalqala Voweled letters are produced by parting the two components of the articulated parts accompanied by opening of the mouth,

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Presentation on theme: "القلقلة. Mechanism of Qalqala Voweled letters are produced by parting the two components of the articulated parts accompanied by opening of the mouth,"— Presentation transcript:

1 القلقلة

2 Mechanism of Qalqala Voweled letters are produced by parting the two components of the articulated parts accompanied by opening of the mouth, circulating of the lips, or lowering of the jaw. For example: مَ مِ مُ فَ فِ فُ عَ عِ عُ سَ سِ سُ

3 Mechanism of Qalqala Saakin letters are produced by collision of the two components of the articulated parts without any mouth or jaw movement. For example: م ف ع س ج ر

4 Mechanism of Qalqala However.... The qalqala letters when they have a sukoon on them have violated the mechanism of articulating saakin letters. قطب جد = ق ط ب ج د

5 Mechanism of Qalqala Because... The qalqala letters have the characteristic of shiddah الشِّدَّة (the sound does not run at all when these letters articulated with sukoon). Causing annoyance in the articulation point due to the imprisonment of the sound behind the articulation point.

6 Mechanism of Qalqala Solution... To overcome this annoyance, qalqala letters when they have sukoon on them: are produced by parting the two components of the articulated parts. Contrary to the rest of the saakin letters. Without any correspondent movement of the mouth and jaw.

7 Mechanism of Qalqala Difference between saakin letter, qalqala letter and voweled letter Mechanism of articulation Corresponding mouth/jaw movement Saakin letter Collision of articulated parts None Qalqala letter Parting of articulated parts None Vowled letter Parting of articulated parts Movement

8 Definition of Qalqala Disturbance of the letter when in the state of sukoon to the extent of hearing a strong accent as it is articulated by the parting of the two components of the articulation parts without accompanying it any opening of the mouth, not circulating of the lips, nor lowering of the jaw.

9 Letters of Qalqala قطب جد ق ط ب ج د

10 Note... The qalala does not resemble a fetha nor a dhammah nor a kesrah. The qalala does not take the vowel of the proceeding letter nor the following letter.

11 Merged qalaqala letter For example: الحَجُّ جْ + جُ = جُّ Articulated by collision of two components of articulated parts (hence no qalqala) Articulated by parting of two components of articulated parts (hence qalqala)

12 Different states of Qalqala letters Mechanism of articulation Correspondin g mouth/jaw movement Qalqala?Example Merged saakin qalqala letter Collision of articulated parts None First ب in تَبَّ Non-merged saakin Qalqala letter Parting of articulated parts NoneYES Second بَ in تَبَّ Vowled qalqala letter Parting of articulated parts Movement None أَصْحابُ

13 Divisions of qalaqala القَلقَلَةُ الصُّغرى The lesser Qalqala القَلقَلَةُ الكُبرى The Greater Qalqala

14 Divisions of qalaqala القَلقَلَةُ الصُّغرى The lesser Qalqala  Qalqala in middle or end of word and not stopping at the word.  Say qalqala then proceed to next letter.  قَدْ أَفْلَحَ يَطْمَعُون

15 Divisions of qalaqala القَلقَلَةُ الكُبرى The Greater Qalqala  Qalqala at the end of a word and stopping at the word.  Say qalqala more clearer than the lesser qalqala.  الطَّارِق

16 Practice of qalaqala Open on surah Al-Buruj Surah number 85 Page 590 Mlm7D3ToZY


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