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+ Review of Makhaarij Al Huda Scarborough – Tajweed Class.

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Presentation on theme: "+ Review of Makhaarij Al Huda Scarborough – Tajweed Class."— Presentation transcript:

1 + Review of Makhaarij Al Huda Scarborough – Tajweed Class

2 + OUTLINE 1. Mouth and Teeth Diagrams 2. Letters of the Oral Cavity 3. Letters of the Throat 4. Letters of the Tongue 5. Qalqala Letters 6. Characteristics of Daawd 7. Characteristics of Sheen

3 + Diagram of Mouth

4 + Diagram of Mouth - Teeth

5 + Letters of the Oral Cavity (Al Jawf) - This is the empty space in the mouth The three vowel letters and sounds originate from here: Alif, Wow, and Yaa Alif always originates from here Waaw originates from here when its saakin and a dhammah is before it Yaa originates from there when its saakin and a kasrah is before it

6 + Alif, Waaw, Yaa

7 + Yaa Raising the tongue to the roof of the mouth 1.Air flows through Makhraj 2. Voiced 3. Softness in sound 4. Back and Middle of tongue do not rise

8 + Letters of the Throat (6) Aain AAIN Voiced Air flow takes detour Back of tongue does not rise Middle of tongue does not rise Happy/light letter

9 + Aain - Makhraj

10 + Haa HAA Voiceless Air Flow continues Back of tongue does not rise Middle of tongue does not rise Happy/Light Letter

11 + Haa – Makhraj

12 + Ghaain GHAAIN Voiced Air Flow continues Back of tongue rises Middle of tongue does not rise Awesome/Heavy Letter

13 + Ghaain – Makhraj

14 + Khaw KHAAW Voiceless Air Flow continues Back of tongue rises Middle of tongue does not rise Awesome/Heav y Letter

15 + Khaaw – Makhraj

16 + Hamza HAMZA Voiced Air Flow stops Back of tongue does not rise Middle of tongue does not rise Happy/Light Letter

17 + Hamza – Makhraj

18 + Haah HAAH Voiceless Air Flow continues Back of tongue does not rise Middle of tongue does not rise Happy/Light Letter

19 + Haah – Makhraj

20 + Letters of the Tongue Extreme back of the tongue rises Touches the SOFT palate Voiced Air Flow stops at makhraj Middle of tongue does not rise Qalqala Back of the tongue rises Touches HARD palate Voiceless Air flow stops at akhraj Can NOT have qalqala QAAFKAAF

21 + Qaaf – Makhraj

22 + Kaaf – Makhraj

23 + Let’s Look at the Makhraj and Characteristics of the Qalqala Letters

24 + Qalqala Letters Qaaf, Taaw, Baa, Jeem, Daal Taaw – tip of tongue touches the gums of the top two teeth Baa – lips close Jeem – middle of the tongue touches the hard palate Daal – tip of the tongue touches the gums of the two top teeth HOW DOES QALQALA OCCUR? Air flow is restricted at the makhraj; also the letters are voiced In the Qu’ran, when stopping at a qalqala letter, you change the harakah into a saakin

25 + Makhraj of Taaw

26 + Makhraj of Baa

27 + Makhraj of Jeem

28 + JEEM Raising the tongue against the hard palate 1. Airflow stops at Makhraj 2. Voiced 3. Qalqalah 4. Back and middle of tongue do not rise

29 + Makhraj of Daal

30 + Characteristics of Daawd DAAWD Voiced Air flow continues through the Makhraj Back of tongue rises Middle of tongue rises Awesome/Heavy letter

31 + Makhraj of Daawd

32 + Placement of Tongue – Sound is Distributed towards Right and Left, NEVER Front Teeth

33 + Sheen Raising the tongue towards the hard palate 1.Air flows through Makhraj 2. Voiceless 3. Spreading of sound 4. Back and Middle of tongue do not rise

34 + References Illustrations: All photo credits go to Dr. Ayman Swayd muqaddimah-part-8a-the-makhraj-of-%D8%B9-and- %D8%AD/


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