5 Letters of the Oral Cavity (Al Jawf) - This is the empty space in the mouthThe three vowel letters and sounds originate from here: Alif, Wow, and YaaAlif always originates from hereWaaw originates from here when its saakin and a dhammah is before itYaa originates from there when its saakin and a kasrah is before it
20 Letters of the Tongue QAAF KAAF Extreme back of the tongue rises Touches the SOFT palateVoicedAir Flow stops at makhrajMiddle of tongue does not riseQalqalaBack of the tongue risesTouches HARD palateVoicelessAir flow stops at akhrajCan NOT have qalqala
23 Let’s Look at the Makhraj and Characteristics of the Qalqala Letters
24 Qalqala Letters Qaaf, Taaw, Baa, Jeem, Daal Taaw – tip of tongue touches the gums of the top two teethBaa – lips closeJeem – middle of the tongue touches the hard palateDaal – tip of the tongue touches the gums of the two top teethHOW DOES QALQALA OCCUR? Air flow is restricted at the makhraj; also the letters are voicedIn the Qu’ran, when stopping at a qalqala letter, you change the harakah into a saakin
28 JEEM Raising the tongue against the hard palate 1. Airflowstops atMakhraj2. Voiced3. Qalqalah4. Back andmiddle oftongue donot riseCharacteristics of JeemJEEM Raising the tongue against the hard palate
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