¿Cómo te llamas? y ¿Cómo estás? ESPAÑOL 1 UNIDAD 1: LECCIÓN 2 La gramática
As we go through this module… Take notes. Practice your pronunciation. Use your vocabulary list. Remember the lesson goals.
Informal vs. Formal 0 In English we use the same question to ask someone’s name if they are 8years old or if they are 80 years old. 0 What is your name? 0 In Spanish we use two different forms of this question. 0 These forms are often referred to as the Tú and Usted forms. 0 Tú is used for informal situations with people who are younger than you or with peers. 0 Usted is used in formal situations with people who are influential or older than yourself.
Nouns and Adjectives in Spanish 0 This will be presented more in depth later but you can know the following about nouns and adjectives in Spanish. 0 When a noun/adjective that refers to a person ends in an –o it is often talking about or referring to a boy or a man. el chico – the boy encantado – nice to meet you (used by a male) 0 When a noun/adjective that refers to a person ends in an –a it is often talking about or referring to a girl or a woman. la chica – the girl encantada – nice to meet you (used by a female)
el/la 0 El and la both mean the, therefore el chico means the boy and la chica means the girl 0 If a noun or adjective end in an –e we can use el and la to tell us if the noun or adjective are for a boy or a girl. 0 El estudiante means student and because it ends in an -e we don’t know if the student is a boy or a girl 0 However, because el is in front of the word we know this student is a boy 0 The word sociable means sociable in English and can refer to both masculine and feminine words because it ends in an -e. 0 If I said la estudiante sociable could you tell me if I am talking about a girl or a boy? 0 If you said girl you are correct…la estudiante sociable means the sociable student who is a girl.