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Sexually Transmitted Infections Copyright© 2010 Alberta Health Services DISCLAIMER: By using teachingsexualhealth.ca (the "Service") you acknowledge that.

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Presentation on theme: "Sexually Transmitted Infections Copyright© 2010 Alberta Health Services DISCLAIMER: By using teachingsexualhealth.ca (the "Service") you acknowledge that."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sexually Transmitted Infections Copyright© 2010 Alberta Health Services DISCLAIMER: By using teachingsexualhealth.ca (the "Service") you acknowledge that you understand and agree that the information contained in or provided through this Service is intended for general understanding and education only and that this Service is not intended to be and is not a substitute for professional medical advice.

2 Ground Rules  We respect: That any question is OK That any question is OK That it is OK to pass That it is OK to pass That we all have different points of view That we all have different points of view Each other by listening Each other by listening The right to privacy The right to privacy That we all need to be listened to That we all need to be listened to

3 STDs vs. STIs What’s the difference? What’s the difference?  Sexually Transmitted infection (STI) has replaced the term Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Why? Why?  STI a more encompassing term that includes infections that are asymptomatic; or show no symptoms

4 What is an STI? Sexually Transmitted Infections are infections generally spread by close sexual contact and sexual intercourse Sexually Transmitted Infections are infections generally spread by close sexual contact and sexual intercourse They can spread by contact with an infected partners: They can spread by contact with an infected partners:  Skin  Genitals  Body Fluids  Mucous Membranes eg. eyes, mouth

5 Why is it important to learn about STIs?  It helps one be able to take care of one's own body  Untreated STIs can cause problems for a person's health and future ability to have children  It helps a person to discuss STIs with a partner  It helps us recognize myths like “It’s easy to tell if a person has a STI/HIV because he/she will look sick” that could prevent a person from using effective prevention methods or seeking needed treatments

6 What are some common STIs?  Chlamydia  Genital herpes  Genital warts (HPV) Human Papillomavirus  Gonorrhoea  Hepatitis B/C (also a blood borne disease)  HIV and AIDS (also a blood borne disease)  Syphilis  Pubic Lice (crabs)  Scabies

7 STIs can be Viral, Bacterial, or Parasitic Bacterial/Parasitic : If bacteria or a parasite causes an infection, it can be treated with antibiotic or antimicrobial medication

8 Which STIs are Bacterial?  Chlamydia  Gonorrhoea  Syphilis

9 Which STIs are Parasitic?  Pubic Lice (crabs)  Scabies

10 Viral : If a virus causes an infection, it is possible for it to remain “asymptomatic” for periods of time (meaning there are no symptoms). It is possible to have the virus and not know it, and it is possible to pass it to another person without either person knowing it. Viral STIs can be treated with medications, but not cured.

11 Which STIs are Viral?  HIV and AIDS  Genital Warts  Genital Herpes  Hepatitis B and C

12 Which STIs are Blood-Borne? Some of the viral infections are also blood-borne:  HIV and AIDS  Hepatitis B and C

13 Blood Borne Diseases   Blood-borne diseases are spread by contaminated blood. Some are also spread through body fluids (semen, vaginal secretions) and breast milk (HIV only)   They can be transmitted by: sharing needles body piercing and tattooing equipment helping someone who is bleeding without using gloves sexual intercourse and close sexual contact an infected mother to her baby

14 Male Anatomy Viruses and bacteria might be:  In the mouth, throat or eye  On the penis  In the urethra  In the rectum or anus  In semen and pre-semen  In the blood  On the skin in or around the genital area

15 Female Anatomy Viruses and bacteria might be:  In the mouth, throat or eye  On the cervix  In the vagina  In the rectum or anus  In vaginal fluid  In the blood  On the skin in or around the genital area

16 What are common symptoms?  burning while urinating,  itching  discharge (for females, different colour, amount or smell. For males, anything other than semen or urine)  sores, bumps or a rash on or around the genitals.

17 It is common to have NO SYMPTOMS at all!

18 Complications of STIs  Infertility (male and female)  Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in woman  Epididymitis in men  Urinary tract complications  Cervical cancer  Psychological impact  Serious illness and death

19 What are the best ways to prevent STIs? Abstinence – No skin to genital, genital to genital, body fluid to genital contact Abstinence – No skin to genital, genital to genital, body fluid to genital contact Limiting number of sexual partners Limiting number of sexual partners Use condoms correctly and consistently Use condoms correctly and consistently Communication with partner –sexual history Communication with partner –sexual history Not having sex if you see a sore, etc. Not having sex if you see a sore, etc. Regular STI testing (at least annually, more often if you’ve had multiple partners) Regular STI testing (at least annually, more often if you’ve had multiple partners)

20 When Should I Get Tested?  Before you have sex with a new partner  If you or your partner have been sexually active and have never been tested  If you know your current or past partner has a STI  If you have been forced to have sex  If you have any STI symptoms  At least once a year if you are sexually active

21 Male condoms  Provides a barrier for skin to skin contact and body fluids which can help protect against pregnancy and STI  Available at pharmacies, grocery stores and health clinics  Use a condom for oral, vaginal and anal sex or when sharing sex toys  Most condoms are latex. Non-latex types include polyurethane, and polyisoprene (synthetic rubber)  Check expiry date and keep in dark, cool place  Do not use with oil-based products like Vaseline, baby oil or hand cream. They increase the chance of the condom breaking  Use a new condom every time you have sex. Never use two condoms at once

22 Male Condom Demonstration Click here for demonstration

23 Female Condom  Provides a barrier for skin to skin contact and body fluids which can help protect against pregnancy and STI  Available at pharmacies, grocery stores and health clinics  Inserted prior to any vaginal contact- can be inserted up to 8 hours prior to intercourse  Soft thin plastic quickly warms to body temperature, which allows for natural feeling and sensitivity  Safe to use for people with latex allergies  Can use water and/or oil based lubricants  Do not use with the male condom, this increases the chance that both will break  Use a new condom every time you have sex.

24 Female Condom Demonstration Click here for demonstration

25 Dental Dam  Small piece of latex similar to the material used for male latex condoms  Barrier method which helps to protect against STIs  Stretched across the anus or woman’s vagina to help prevent the exchange of bodily fluids and limit skin to skin contact

26 Dental Dam Demonstration Click here for demonstration

27 Safer Sex  The only safe sex is no sex (abstinence)  If you choose to be sexually active: Talk to your partner about your sexual health histories Talk to your partner about your sexual health histories Choose to protect yourself from both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) Choose to protect yourself from both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) Limit your number of partners Limit your number of partners Get tested regularly for STIs Get tested regularly for STIs Get more information Get more information

28 Key Messages  Always wear a condom  STIs often have NO symptoms  Have regular testing for STIs

29 Where can I go for help?  School Counsellor  Teacher  School Nurse  Walk in Clinic  Family Doctor  Sexual Health Clinic

30 For more information on STIs HIV and AIDS Call the Alberta STD Information Line at 1-800-772-2437

31 Questions?


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