Presentation on theme: "A noun names a person, place thing, or idea.. Proper and Common Nouns Proper Nouns name a specific person, place or thing and are capitalized. Common."— Presentation transcript:
A noun names a person, place thing, or idea.
Proper and Common Nouns Proper Nouns name a specific person, place or thing and are capitalized. Common Nouns name any person, place, or thing and are NOT capitalized.
Proper NounsCommon Nouns
List the common and proper nouns in the following sentences. Remember to capitalize all proper nouns. 1. Martin luther king jr. was born in atlanta, georgia. 2. His family lived in a two-story house on auburn avenue. 3. His mother, alberta williams king was a teacher. 4. His father was a minister. 5. King graduated from morehouse college. 6. The young man went on to graduate from seminary in chester, pennsylvania. 7. King married coretta scott and they had four children: yolanda, martin luther III, dexter, and bernice. 8. King was called to preach at dexter avenue baptist church in montgomery, alabama. 9. King was dedicated to the equal right’s movement. 10. He led in peaceful protests against the descrimination of african americans.
Proper NounsCommon Nouns 1 Martin Luther King, Jr. Atlanta, Georgia 2 Auburn Avenue family house 3 Alberta Williams King mother teacher 4 father minister 5 King Morehouse College 6 Chester, Pennsylvania man seminary 7 King Coretta Scott Yalonda Martin Luther III Dexter Bernice children 8 King Dexter Avenue Baptist Church Montgomery Alabama preach 9 King Equal Right’s Movement 10 African Americans protests discrimination
Possessive Nouns Possessive nouns name who or what has something. They can be common, proper, singular, or plural. They show ownership. To form the possessive of all nouns not ending in s add an apostrophe and s. To form the possessive of all nouns ending in s only add an apostrophe. Examples: Lucy’s cat boys’ bicycles women’s shoes puppies’ toys
Write the correct possessive form of the noun in parenthesis. 1. _______________ hands felt cold and clammy. (maria) 2. The _____________ performance was not good enough to win. (players) 3. The _________________ vacation was relaxing and fun. (Williams) 4. The teacher enjoyed the sound of the _____________ laughter. (children) 5. During the autumn, the __________________ change colors. (leaves)
Singular and Plural Nouns Singular nouns are nouns that stand for one person, place, or thing. Plural nouns are nouns that stand for two or more people, places, or things.
In the following sentences, circle each plural noun and underline each possessive noun. 1. The singers wrote the songs they like to sing. 2. The singers’ song was enjoyable. 3. The drummers were playing a solo. 4. The back-up singers were singing harmony. 5. The lead singer was singing the song’s melody.
Appositives An appositive is a noun that is placed next to, or in apposition to, another noun to identify it or add information to it. Example: Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s wife, Eleanor, was a famous humanitarian. An appositive phrase is a group of words that includes an appositive and other words that describe the appositive. Example: Roosevelt, our thirty-second president, was the only president to be elected four times. The appositive or the appositive phrase is set off with commas.
Add commas to set off the appositives or appositive phrases in the following sentences. 1. George Washington commander of the Continental Army led troops during the Revolutionary War. 2. Washington’s picture is on a coin the quarter. 3. Thomas Jefferson wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence a historic document. 4. John Adams succeeded the president George Washington as president of the United States. 5. Adam’s wife Abigail was well-read and outspoken.
Test Item Which of the following sentences contains an appositive phrase? F. Mrs. Reiner, her sister, and her daughter shopped at their local grocery store for flowers. G. Hudson and his dad packed a tent, sleeping bags, food, and a lantern for their two-night camping trip. H. Miss Greene, my fourth-grade teacher, moved to a different building within our school district this year. J. Amelia studied two hours for the test in her science class last week, so she yawned all morning.
Collective Nouns A collective noun names a group of people, places, or things. Examples: team, class, family, herd, audience, flock Collective nouns can have singular or plural meaning. When referring to the group as a unit, the noun is singular and takes a singular verb. When referring to the individual members of the group, the noun is plural and takes a plural verb. Examples: The team works on its plays. The team go to their individual lockers.
Circle the collective noun and underline the correct verb. 1. The audience (leaves, leave) their seats. 2. The class (is, or) going on a bus to the art museum. 3. The theater troupe (comes, come) out separately. 4. The jury (argue, argues) over the verdict. 5. The band (put, puts) their instruments away. 6. The budget committee (reaches, reach) a final decision. 7. The choir from East High School (sing, sings) the loudest. 8. The book club (discuss, discusses) their opinions.
Test Item Which of the following sentences uses a collective noun? F. The actors from the community theater will complete the new stage set tonight. G. The litter of Siberian husky puppies will be old enough to be adopted next month. H. Four generations of my relatives plan to attend our twentieth family reunion next March at my grandmother’s home. J. The neighborhood girls hope to earn enough money at the bake sale to buy a swing set for the elementary school playground.
Concrete and Abstract Nouns Concrete nouns name things that can be experienced with the senses: touch, smell, taste, sight, or hearing. Abstract nouns name ideas, qualities, or feelings. They cannot be experienced with the senses. Examples: Concrete Nouns: frown, book, rain, music Abstract Nouns: truth, intelligence, justice, freedom
Underline each concrete noun and circle each abstract noun. 1. A commercial pilot must have a lot of flying experience. 2. The judge reminded the witness to tell the truth. 3. The veterinarian spent time and energy examining the horses. 4. The preschool teacher showed much patience. 5. My cat gets great pleasure on the windowsill on a sunny day.
Test Item Which of the following sentences does not have an abstract noun? A. Michael received an invitation to the band concert at school. B. Jonas accepted the challenge to make the honor roll. C. Sarah experienced success when she won an award for her essay. D. Shivandra enjoyed the entertainment at the talent show.