Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

By Caitlin, Trent, Noel, Keyana MONKEY Journey to the West Is one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature Took place during the Tang.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "By Caitlin, Trent, Noel, Keyana MONKEY Journey to the West Is one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature Took place during the Tang."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 By Caitlin, Trent, Noel, Keyana

3 MONKEY Journey to the West Is one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature Took place during the Tang Dynasty( ) It was written by Wu Cheng'en in the 16th century published anonymously by Wu Cheng'en

4 WU CHENG’EN Born 1500?-1582 Born 1500?-1582 novelist and poet of the Ming dynasty (1368– 1644) novelist and poet of the Ming dynasty (1368– 1644) Wu repeatedly failed the civil service exams. Wu repeatedly failed the civil service exams. Was 63 years old when he was appointed to the post of Vice Magistrate in Changxing county Was 63 years old when he was appointed to the post of Vice Magistrate in Changxing county was thrown into prison on a trumped-up charge of corruption. was thrown into prison on a trumped-up charge of corruption.

5 Xuan Zang or Tripitaka Tripitka means "Three Baskets" born entered Buddhist monkhood at the age of thirteen left Chang'an in 629 reaching India in 630.

6 Xuan Zang or Tripitaka travelled in India for the next thirteen years, travelled in India for the next thirteen years, left India in 643 and arrived back in Chang'an in 646 to a warm reception by Emperor Taizong of Tang. left India in 643 and arrived back in Chang'an in 646 to a warm reception by Emperor Taizong of Tang. In 646, under the Emperor's request, Tripitaka completed his book Great Tang Records on the Western Regions In 646, under the Emperor's request, Tripitaka completed his book Great Tang Records on the Western Regions The Xingjiao Monastery was established in 669 to house his ashes. The Xingjiao Monastery was established in 669 to house his ashes.

7 BUDHISM currently has about 376 million followers and is generally listed as the world's fourth largest religion after Christianity, Islam and Hinduism. Main objective is to achieve enlightenment or Nirvana- release from suffering Buddhist texts Pāli Tipitaka Mahayana sutras

8 BUDHISM  Founder: Siddhartha Gautama: The Buddha born 566(?) died 480(?) B.C  In Buddhism there are celestial buddhas, bodhisattvas, and deities that assist and inspire the Buddhist practitioner. Among the most popular are Kuan Yin, the Medicine Buddha, the Laughing Buddha and the Green and White Taras.

9 BUDHISM The Three Trainings or Practices: Sila: Virtue, good conduct, morality. Samadhi: Concentration, meditation, mental development.. Prajna: Discernment, insight, wisdom, enlightenment. The Four Noble Truths: Dukkha: Suffering exists Samudaya: There is a cause for suffering. Nirodha: There is an end to suffering. Magga: In order to end suffering, you must follow the Eightfold Path.

10 BUDHISM The Eightfold Path: The Eightfold Path: Panna: Discernment, wisdom: Panna: Discernment, wisdom: 1) Samma ditthi Right Understanding of the Four Noble Truths 1) Samma ditthi Right Understanding of the Four Noble Truths 2) Samma sankappa: Right thinking; following the right path in life 2) Samma sankappa: Right thinking; following the right path in life Sila: Virtue, morality: Sila: Virtue, morality: 3) Samma vaca: Right speech: no lying, criticism, condemning, gossip, harsh language 4) Samma kammanta Right conduct by following the Five Precepts 3) Samma vaca: Right speech: no lying, criticism, condemning, gossip, harsh language 4) Samma kammanta Right conduct by following the Five Precepts 5) Samma ajiva: Right livelihood; support yourself without harming others 5) Samma ajiva: Right livelihood; support yourself without harming others Samadhi: Concentration, meditation: Samadhi: Concentration, meditation: 6) Samma vayama Right Effort: promote good thoughts; conquer evil thoughts 6) Samma vayama Right Effort: promote good thoughts; conquer evil thoughts 7) Samma sati Right Mindfulness: Become aware of your body, mind and feelings 7) Samma sati Right Mindfulness: Become aware of your body, mind and feelings 8) Samma samadhi Right Concentration: Meditate to achieve a higher state of consciousness 8) Samma samadhi Right Concentration: Meditate to achieve a higher state of consciousness

11 BUDHISM  The Five Precepts:  Do not kill. This is sometimes translated as "not harming" or an absence of violence.  Do not steal.  Do not lie.  Do not misuse sex.  Do not consume alcohol or other drugs.

12 BUDHISM Karma Karma The Cycle of Rebirth The Cycle of Rebirth There are six separate planes into which any living being can be reborn -- three fortunate realms, and three unfortunate realms. There are six separate planes into which any living being can be reborn -- three fortunate realms, and three unfortunate realms. Those with favorable, positive karma are reborn into one of the fortunate realms: the realm of demigods, the realm of gods, and the realm of men. Those with favorable, positive karma are reborn into one of the fortunate realms: the realm of demigods, the realm of gods, and the realm of men. The realm of man is considered the highest realm of rebirth. The realm of man is considered the highest realm of rebirth. The three unfortunate realms consist of animals, ghosts and hell The three unfortunate realms consist of animals, ghosts and hell

13 TAOIST  characterized by an awareness of man's close relationship with nature and the universe.  Taoists stress the importance of harmonizing with nature by balancing yin and yang, and developing chi, the essential energy of action and existence, through meditation and disengagement.  Formed: around 550 B.C.  Origin: China  Followers 20,000,000  Originator: Lao Tzu

14 TAOIST More of a philosophy then a religion Symbolized by Ying Yan symbol Based on the Daode jing (Tao Te Ching), a philosophical and political text written by Lao Tzu Tao means the way or path Three Jewels of the Tao: compassion, moderation, and humility

15 TAOIST Principles Principles Naturalness Naturalness Vitality Vitality peace "non-action" wu wei, or "effortless effort peace "non-action" wu wei, or "effortless effort emptiness, emptiness, detachment detachment flexibility flexibility receptiveness receptiveness spontaneity spontaneity

16 TAOIST  Taoism is polytheistic, it has many deities are part of a heavenly hierarchy that mirrors the bureaucracy of Imperial China. According to their beliefs, Chinese deities may be promoted or demoted for their actions.  Popular Taoism typically presents the Jade Emperor as the official head deity.  some Taoists in the old days let their hair grow as long as possible, refused to talk and expressed themselves by whistling

17 TAOIST five basic elements: wood, fire, metal, water, and earth In Taoist thought the path to heaven is through nature and the terms "heaven” and "nature" are often used interchangeably. The concept of a hell is largely absent. Immortality is an important idea in Taoism Texts Tao Te Ching ZhuangziDaozang

18 TAOIST-POLE STAR Taoist Nine Star Astrology is the essence of the all the Taoist practices and is based on the Pole Star (Yang), the Big Dipper (7 Points), and the Vega Star (Yin). Taoist Nine Star Astrology is the essence of the all the Taoist practices and is based on the Pole Star (Yang), the Big Dipper (7 Points), and the Vega Star (Yin). The Pole Star is the residence of Taiyi, the supreme sky god. To return to the One is to return, on one level, to the Pole Star. It is the place where all things begin and to which all things return. The Pole Star is the residence of Taiyi, the supreme sky god. To return to the One is to return, on one level, to the Pole Star. It is the place where all things begin and to which all things return.

19 CONFUCIANISM  Formed c. 500 B.C.  Started by: Confucius 551–478 BC  Origin China  Followers 5,000,000  Unlike Taoism, which emphasizes the natural way, Confucianism emphasizes the social way  There are no deities or gods

20 CONFUCIANISM Confucius was not interested in religious salvation and the afterlife making this more of a philosophy then a religion Confucianism focuses on humanism, the cultivation of virtue and maintenance of ethics Golden Rule: "do not do unto others what you would not have them do unto you." Confucianism expressed the ideal of a "gentleman" or "perfect man". A man that combines the qualities of saint, scholar, and gentleman. Confucians taught that women was supposed to uphold “three subordinations”: be subordinate to her father before marriage, to her husband after marriage, and to her son after her husband died

21 CONFUCIANISM The five virtues Ren ( 仁, Humaneness), Yi ( 義, Righteousness or Justice), Li ( 禮, Propriety or Etiquette), Zhi ( 智, Knowledge), Xin ( 信, Integrity). The Five Bonds Ruler to Ruled Father to Son Husband to Wife Elder Brother to Younger Brother Friend to Friend

22 CONFUCIANISM  Confucian Texts  The are five Confucian classics  1) Book of History  2) Book of Songs  3) Book of Changes  4) Rites  5) The Spring, Autumn  The Four Books  The Analects  The Doctrine of the Mean  The Great Learning  Mencius

23 DRAGONS  The ancient Chinese believed that dragons were real and possessed supernatural powers. Dragons were a symbol of power, strength, success, luck and honor luck  It is the first of the four Divine Creatures to Chinese-the others being the unicorn, the phoenix and the tortoise phoenix  the Chinese Dragon is a beneficent and gracious creature and is worshipped as the divine ruler of Lakes, Rivers and Seas

24 Yanluo AND THE COURT OF THE DEAD Yanluo is not only the ruler but also the judge of the underworld and passes judgment on all the dead Yanluo is not only the ruler but also the judge of the underworld and passes judgment on all the dead Yanluo is considered to be an office or bureaucratic post, rather than an individual god. Yanluo is considered to be an office or bureaucratic post, rather than an individual god. his minions include a judge who holds in his hands a brush and a book listing every soul and the allotted death date for every life his minions include a judge who holds in his hands a brush and a book listing every soul and the allotted death date for every life

25 Yanluo AND THE COURT OF THE DEAD  Yanluo divided Diyu, realm of the dead, into ten levels or courts  Men or women with merit will be rewarded good future lives, or even revival in their previous life. Men or women who committed misdeeds will be sentenced to torture and/or miserable future lives.  The spirits of the dead are supposed to either pass through a term of enjoyment in a region midway between the earth and the heaven of the gods, or to undergo their measure of punishment in hell. After this time they may return to Earth in new bodies.  Hell in ancient Chinese cultural is consisted of 18 levels that punishes a person for a specific sin that they committed in life


Download ppt "By Caitlin, Trent, Noel, Keyana MONKEY Journey to the West Is one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature Took place during the Tang."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google