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Life in ancient Egypt was not easy. How they did it? Read on and you’ll know.

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Presentation on theme: "Life in ancient Egypt was not easy. How they did it? Read on and you’ll know."— Presentation transcript:

1 Life in ancient Egypt was not easy. How they did it? Read on and you’ll know.

2 Hieroglyphs' Hieroglyphs’ are one of the ways ancient Egyptians could talk. For instance if an Egyptian would have to go some were on short notice than they would write a letter with hieroglyphs. here is an example of a hieroglyphic letter written.

3 Do you want to know what this hieroglyph means? The hieroglyphic bird means the number 3.

4 After hieroglyphs existed for a while,one of the Egyptians came up with the idea of using clay to put there hieroglyphs on. Clay was probably a lot easier to carve on than a rock or boulder. And the clay was probably lighter than a boulder. And for the clay for instance if they needed to right a list and did not need to have it for ever then they could just wipe it off clay/ smooth the clay. It was air dry clay that took less time if you used the heat of a fire.

5 Before any of these hieroglyphs came along the Egyptians were known as nomads. Nomads would walk some where there was water and animals(for food) and stay there and live there until most of the animals there died out. And then they would move to another place with water and animals. As the nomads moved along they came across farmers. These farmers taught them to plant food and raise animals.

6 Zanakht ca. 2649–2630 B.C. Djoser ca. 2630–2611 B.C. Sekhemkhet ca. 2611–2605 B.C. Khaba ca. 2605–2599 B.C. Huni ca. 2599–2575 B.C. Dynasty 4, ca. 2575–2465 B.C. Snefru ca. 2575–2551 B.C. Khufu ca. 2551–2528 B.C. Djedefre ca. 2528–2520 B.C. Khafre1 ca. 2520–2494 B.C. 1 Fragmentary face of King Khafre [Egyptian] 2 Seated statue of King Menkaurejerkare Siptah ca. 2152–2150 B.C Her Is just a short list of the rulers and there times. There were at least 200-300 rulers of Egypt.

7 Queen Cleopatra of Egypt is the most well known of all the ancient egyptian queens. Cleopatra was born in Alexandria in 69 B.C. during the reign of the Ptolemy family to Ptolemy XII. Cleopatra appears to have been a popular name in the family, as her mother bore the name as well as an older sister, making the new daughter Cleopatra the Seventh, although she is rarely referred to as such. Cleopatra and her family were not Egyptian, but rather Macedonian, descended through a general of Alexander the Great. Cleopatra would become the first ruler of her family who could actually speak the Egyptian language. Queen Cleopatra of Egypt In keeping with ancient Egyptian tradition, Queen Cleopatra of Egypt married her then 12 year old brother. The marriage was not truly legitimate, however and considering the young age of her new husband and co- inheritor of the throne, Cleopatra rule Egypt independently and as she wished. This lasted for only three short years before Cleopatra received the same fate as her father and was exiled, along with another younger sister. Her 15 year old brother and husband remained to rule Egypt. Cleopatra escaped to Syria, however she did not intend to give up without a fight.

8 The events that soon followed are quite legendary. Cleopatra's brother, Ptolemy, became involved with a bitter war between Julius Caesar, and a former friend, Pompey. Ptolemy took sides with Caesar and had Pompey killed, hoping to curry favor with the Roman leader. The plan backfired on him. Julius Caesar was so enraged by the murder of Pompey; he immediately took control of the Egyptian palace and ordered Queen Cleopatra of Egypt and Ptolemy to present themselves to him. war The history of Cleopatra is one that has been the subject of novels and movies and is filled with deception, intrigue and romance. The historical biography of Cleopatra suggests she obtained the throne of Egypt through some rather violent means. When her father was briefly exiled following a rebellion, an older sister took the throne. Following their father's return and reclaim of the throne, the sister was put to death. The second of the three women in the family to carry the same name, Cleopatra VI, died around the same time as well; although the cause remains a mystery. This left Cleopatra the Seventh as the oldest child in her family, with a brother who was several years younger. About four years later, their father died and Cleopatra took control of the throne. She was only about 17 years old at the time.


10 The Death of Cleopatra Cleopatras name in hieroglyphs.

11 Cleopatra was determined that she would not be paraded through the streets of Rome before being executed in a triumph and so she began to test poisons on condemned prisoners to see which one would be best. Deciding that the fast poisons were too painful and the least painful were too slow she apparently turned to animal venoms and settled on the bite of an asp. She continued work on her mausoleum to ensure she had a fitting place to see out eternity and left instructions for her mummification when the time came. When her fleet surrendered to Octavian's fleet she assumed the worst and set off for her tomb with her servants Charmion and Eiras leaving instruction that if anyone asked for her they were to be told she was already dead. However, Mark Anthony was still very much alive and returned to the palace to find her. When he was told that she was dead he fell upon his sword saying "why delay any longer? Fate has snatched away the only thing for which I still wanted to live". Grievously wounded but still alive he was at last told that Cleopatra lived and he was helped to her tomb by her servants. The entrance was already sealed so he was hauled up to a window on a rope. Cleopatra then began to mourn him in the traditional manner, by beating her breast, cutting herself and covering her face and hands with his blood. Mark Anthony tried to calm her and they drank a last glass of wine together before he died in her arms.

12 Aker Ammut Amon Anubis Aten Bastet Bes Geb Hapi Hathor Horus Isis Khepri Khonsu Ma'at Min Mut Neith Nephthys Nut Osiris Ptah Re Sekhmet Seth Sobek Taurt Thoth Ancient Egyptian gods and goddesses.

13 At first, there was only Nun. Nun was the dark waters of chaos. On this hill stood Atum, the first god. One day, a hill rose up out of the waters. This hill was called Ben-Ben. Atum coughed and spat out Shu, the god of the air, and Tefnut, the goddess of moisture. Shu and Tefnut had two children. First, there was Geb, the god of the earth. Then, there was Nut, the goddess of the sky. Shu lifted Nut up so that she became a canopy over Geb. Nut and Geb had four children named Osiris, Isis, Seth and Nephthys

14 Osiris was the king of the earth and Isis was the queen. Osiris was a good king, and he ruled over the earth for many years. However, everything was not well. Seth was jealous of Osiris because he wanted to be the ruler of the earth. He grew angrier and angrier until one day he killed Osiris. Osiris went down into the underworld and Seth remained on earth and became king. Osiris and Isis had one son called Horus. Horus battled against Seth and regained the throne. After that, Horus was the king of the earth and Osiris was the king of the underworld. The End

15 Egyptians have a lot of interesting stories. Some have been found some have and some are being explored.

16 _phar.htm#old Bibliography.. cleopatra-of-egypt.html ra-death.html entegyptiangods.html in.html

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