Presentation on theme: "Egyptian Gods and Goddesses. Do Now Answer the following questions: 1. What area surrounded the Nile? 2. Where were Upper and Lower Egypt? Why was this?"— Presentation transcript:
Do Now Answer the following questions: 1. What area surrounded the Nile? 2. Where were Upper and Lower Egypt? Why was this? 3. What landform was at the top of the River? 4. What landforms were in the South near Nubia? 5. Explain the progression of Egyptian boats and how they helped travel.
ANSWER TO #5 Boats began as bundles of reeds Then they made boats out of wood from Lebanon Sails increased speed, and they could travel AGAINST the current.
Amon Amon was one of the most powerful gods in ancient Egypt. He was the god of the city-state of Thebes. When combined with Ra, he was then called Amon-Ra.
Anubis God of embalming and the dead Since jackals were often seen in cemeteries, the ancient Egyptians believed that Anubis watched over the dead. Anubis was the god who watched over the process of mummifying people when they died.
Atum Atum was a creator god. Egyptians believed that Atum was the first god to exist on earth. Believed he created all the other gods
Bes Bes was the protector of pregnant women, newborn babies and the family. Also protected against snake and scorpion bites. Amulets of Bes were popular at all levels of Egyptian society.
Hapi Hapi was the god of the flood Hapi was especially important to the ancient Egyptians because he brought the flood every year. The flood deposited rich silt on the banks of the Nile.
Hathor Hathor was a protective goddess. She was also the goddess of love and joy. Hathor was connected with foreign places and materials. For instance, she was the goddess of the desert and the turquoise mines in the Sinai.
Horus Horus was the god of the sky. He is probably most well-known as the protector of the rulers of Egypt. The Egyptians believed that the pharaoh was the 'living Horus'.
Isis Isis was a protective goddess. She used powerful magic spells to help people in need. Isis was the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus. Since each pharaoh was considered the 'living Horus', Isis was very important.
Khepri Khepri was a god of creation, the movement of the sun, and rebirth. The ancient Egyptians believed that the beetles just appeared from nowhere- as they believed that their creator god had appeared from nowhere. Also connected with the sun god Ra who pushed the sun through the sky every day.
Osiris Osiris was the god of the dead, and ruler of the underworld. Osiris was a also a god of resurrection Egyptians believed that Osiris gave them the gift of barley, one of their most important crops.
Ptah Ptah was the god of craftsmen and architects. Chief god of the city of Memphis. He was believed to determine the individual destiny of the artists near Thebes.
Ra Ra was the sun god. He was the most important god of the ancient Egyptians. The ancient Egyptians believed that Ra was swallowed every night by the sky goddess Nut, and was reborn every morning.
Sekhmet Sekhmet was the goddess of war and destruction. Having once unleashed her powers for the destruction of mankind, the Egyptians feared her. Egyptians built statues of her and tried to please her daily to save themselves from her destruction.
Seth Seth was the god of chaos. Seth represented everything that threatened harmony in Egypt. He killed his brother Osiris, then battled with his nephew Horus to be the ruler of the living.
Sobek Sobek was a Nile god. Sobek was connected with the Nile, and protected the king. Live crocodiles were kept in pools at temples built to honor Sobek.
Wrap Up Let’s review the gods and goddesses we have learned about.