Presentation on theme: "MONDAY Current Events Current Events Review HW Review HW “Failed Peace” last set of notes for the unit!!! “Failed Peace” last set of notes for the unit!!!"— Presentation transcript:
MONDAY Current Events Current Events Review HW Review HW “Failed Peace” last set of notes for the unit!!! “Failed Peace” last set of notes for the unit!!! TODAY: ORGANIZE YOUR LIVES!!! A: “failed peace” notes B: check blanks/notes: all handouts ARE your notes to study C: this is the last day in-class for key terms D: take 10 to organize/ clean out/ 3-hole-punch your binders We have ONE marking period left… hang in there & do it right!!!.... Keep: KTs, main handouts, etc… DON’T FORGET!!!! 1.orange, lemon, lime or grapefruit due TOMORROW 2.WW1 Unit Test Friday If you don’t bring 1 you can’t participate
The Treaty of Versailles Now that the war was “over,” Wilson traveled to France to help the Allies set the terms of peace (remember moral diplomacy?) He finally deemed the world “safe for democracy” 1 st U.S. Pres. to meet foreign leaders on foreign soil Hopes were high! Allied leaders from other countries did NOT share his hopes & visions
Wilson’s 14 Points Peace Plan Wilson honestly wanted world peace Europe honestly wanted revenge & to punish the Germans for the war Fourteen Points: 1918 President Wilson’s peace plan for post WW1 to avoid future wars
Wilson’s 14 Points Peace Plan 1. An end to secret agreements Secrecy had encouraged a messy web of rival alliances that had helped lead to war 2. Freedom of the seas & free trade 3. Create free trade among nations 4. Reduce and limit arms. 5. National self-determination: right of national groups to have their own territory & forms of gov’t
Wilson’s 14 Points Peace Plan 14. League of Nations: association of nations formed after WW1 under Wilson’s 14 point plan intended to protect the independence of all countries—large or small “Justice to all people & nationalities with their right to live on equal terms of liberty & safety with one another, whether weak or strong” + promotes peace & democracy - too vague, non-realistic, not all Allies wanted the same thing
Paris Peace Conference Diplomats from 30+ nations met at Paris & Versailles to negotiate 5 separate peace treaties Key issues were decided by the leaders of the Allied nations – Big Four: U.S. Britain, France, Italy – Russia (now Communist) was not invited!!!
Disagreement Among the Allies Wilson wanted “peace without victory” = opposed punishing the defeated powers (already lost :-/) Other Allies wanted revenge – Reparations: cash payments for the losses they had suffered during the war – “War Guilt Clause”: Germany accepts responsibility for the war
Harsh Terms for Germany June 1919 Treaty of Versailles: treaty signed on June 28 th, 1919 by Germany & the Allies; formally placed the responsibility for the war on Germany and its allies – Germany wasn’t even allowed to send delegates to the peace talks Do you think that’s constructive or unconstructive? Why? – None of the Allies were satisfied (it’s hard to please everyone!)
Treaty of Versailles - Germany had to pay Allies HUGE reparations Cost of pensions for Allied soldiers/ their widows & children Reparation costs would exceed $300 billion – Do you think a country that just LOST a war would be able to choke that up? – Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France – Germany was stripped of its overseas colonies (now under GB or France)
The Fight for the Versailles Treaty Majority favored the treaty – peace A minority opposed it – Too soft on defeated powers – German-Americans thought it too harsh – Used as a Republican platform to rip Wilson (D) apart – Isolationists: people who wanted the U.S. to stay out of world affairs & opposed the LON
The Defeated Treaty Wilson wouldn’t budge on how crucial his LON was…but people didn’t want it as much as he did He go so stressed out promoting it that he had a stroke Loose ends at the end of a war would now serve as a platform for future wars Waaaahhhh!!!