Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

BELL WORK Write about what you think alcohol does to your body short term.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "BELL WORK Write about what you think alcohol does to your body short term."— Presentation transcript:

1 BELL WORK Write about what you think alcohol does to your body short term.

2 REVIEW Alcohol belongs to a group of drugs known as? Depressants. Alcohol causes a person to make ________decisions. poor

3 REVIEW Give one risk of teens drinking Alcohol interferes with long and short term growth Alcohol harms the brains ability to learn Alcohol increases the risk of social problems Why do some teens drink? Friends, family, media, pressure

4 ALCOHOL SHORT-TERM EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL USE

5 OBJECTIVES  describe how alcohol travels through the body.  explain the short-term effects alcohol has on a person.  identify factors that account for different reactions to alcohol among different people.

6 ALCOHOL AND THE BODY If there is no food in the stomach, alcohol can reach the brain in under a minute and slow reaction time. reaction time The ability of the body to respond quickly and appropriately to situations

7

8 ALCOHOL AND THE BODY Drinking and driving is deadly because of what alcohol does to a person’s reaction time.

9 INTOXICATION The liver can only process about half an ounce of alcohol per hour. Anything more stays in the blood causing intoxication. intoxication A person’s mental and physical abilities have been impaired by alcohol

10 INTOXICATION A blood alcohol content (BAC) of 0.02% is enough to make most people feel light-headed. blood alcohol content (BAC) A measure of the amount of alcohol present in a person’s blood A BAC of 0.08% is enough to make it dangerous for a person to drive a car.

11

12

13 BAC LEVELS RISKS BAC: No loss of coordination, slight euphoria and loss of shyness. Depressant effects are not apparent. Mildly relaxed and maybe a little lightheaded BAC: Feeling of well-being, relaxation, lower inhibitions, sensation of warmth. Euphoria. Some minor impairment of reasoning and memory, lowering of caution. Your behavior may become exaggerated and emotions intensified (Good emotions are better, bad emotions are worse) BAC: Slight impairment of balance, speech, vision, reaction time, and hearing. Euphoria. Judgment and self-control are reduced, and caution, reason and memory are impaired,.08 is legally impaired and it is illegal to drive at this level. You will probably believe that you are functioning better than you really are BAC: Significant impairment of motor coordination and loss of good judgment. Speech may be slurred; balance, vision, reaction time and hearing will be impaired. Euphoria BAC: Gross motor impairment and lack of physical control. Blurred vision and major loss of balance. Euphoria is reduced and dysphoria (anxiety, restlessness) is beginning to appear. Judgment and perception are severely impaired.

14 BAC LEVELS RISKS BAC: Dysphoria predominates, nausea may appear. The drinker has the appearance of a "sloppy drunk." 0.20 BAC: Felling dazed, confused or otherwise disoriented. May need help to stand or walk. If you injure yourself you may not feel the pain. Some people experience nausea and vomiting at this level. The gag reflex is impaired and you can choke if you do vomit. Blackouts are likely at this level so you may not remember what has happened BAC: All mental, physical and sensory functions are severely impaired. Increased risk of asphyxiation from choking on vomit and of seriously injuring yourself by falls or other accidents BAC: STUPOR. You have little comprehension of where you are. You may pass out suddenly and be difficult to awaken BAC: Coma is possible. This is the level of surgical anesthesia BAC and up: Onset of coma, and possible death due to respiratory arrest.

15 INTOXICATION People who are heavily intoxicated are at risk of alcohol poisoning. alcohol poisoning A dangerous condition that results when a person drinks excessive amounts of alcohol over a short time period

16 INTOXICATION Alcohol poisoning can kill you

17 SOBERING UP HOUR.03 2 HOURS HOURS.06 4 HOURS HOURS.09 6 HOURS

18 HOW ALCOHOL AFFECTS THE INDIVIDUAL Gender and body size Other drugs Food Females and smaller people are affected more quickly than males and larger people. Alcohol mixed with other drugs or medicines can be deadly. Each drug can make the effects of the others stronger. Food in the stomach slows down alcohol absorption.

19 HOW ALCOHOL AFFECTS THE INDIVIDUAL Gender and body size Other drugs Food Females and smaller people are affected more quickly than males and larger people. Alcohol mixed with other drugs or medicines can be deadly. Each drug can make the effects of the others stronger. Food in the stomach slows down alcohol absorption.

20 HOW ALCOHOL AFFECTS THE INDIVIDUAL

21 ALCOHOL USE AND VIOLENCE Two-thirds of all domestic violence cases are related to alcohol abuse. Violence increases at sporting events where alcohol is served.

22 ALCOHOL AND NUTRITION Long-term use of alcohol can lead to malnutrition malnutrition A condition in which the body doesn’t get the nutrients it needs to grow and function properly

23 ALCOHOL AND NUTRITION Alcohol comes from the breakdown of sugar Alcohol has calories because of the sugar These calories have no nutritional value.

24 ALCOHOL AND NUTRITION Alcohol can cause unwanted weight gain, especially when combined with other high- calorie beverages like soda and fruit juice.

25 SHORT TERM EFFECTS THROWING UP POOR DECISION MAKING SKILLS HEADACHES BLACKOUTS TROUBLE WITH THE LAW

26 ACTIVITY ALCOHOL GOGGLES


Download ppt "BELL WORK Write about what you think alcohol does to your body short term."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google