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Presentation on theme: "The Health Risks of Alcohol Use (1:36) Click here to launch video Click here to download print activity."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Health Risks of Alcohol Use (1:36) Click here to launch video Click here to download print activity

3 Ethanol – Pg. 566 Fermentation – Pg. 566 Depressant – Pg. 567 Intoxication – Pg. 567 binge drinking – Pg. 569 alcohol poisoning – Pg. 569 Do Now: Pick 3 Words and write the down the definition.

4 ACT PREP 1)The lowest temperature on a winter morning was –8°F. Later that same day the temperature reached a high of 24°F. By how many degrees Fahrenheit did the temperature increase? A. 3° B. 8° C. 16° D. 24° E. 32°

5 Today’s Objectives List and describe at least 3 factors that influence the onset and intensity of alcohol’s effects. Describe typical alcohol-drug interactions. Explain the long-term effects of alcohol use. Describe the effects of alcohol poisoning.

6 Alcohol use can harm the body and the brain and cause a person to make poor decisions.

7 Alcohol Alcohol is an addictive drug. Using alcohol during the teen years can affect brain development.

8 Alcohol Alcohol, or more accurately, ethanol is a powerful and addictive drug. Ethanol The type of alcohol in alcoholic beverages

9 Alcohol Ethanol can be produced synthetically, or naturally through the fermentation of fruits, vegetables, and grains. Fermentation The chemical action of yeast on sugars

10 Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Alcohol impairs the central nervous system. Using alcohol slows reaction time, impairs vision, and diminishes judgment.

11 Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Alcohol is a depressant. Depressant A drug that slows the central nervous system

12 Short-Term Effects of Alcohol The amount of alcohol that can cause intoxication varies from person to person. Intoxication The state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance, and the person’s physical and mental control is significantly reduced.

13 Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Changes to the Brain Development. Pathways and connections necessary for learning may be permanently damaged. Memory. Thought processes are disorganized, and memory and concentration are dulled. Judgment and control. Judgment is altered and coordination is impaired. Movement, speech, and vision may be affected. Risk of stroke. Alcohol use may increase risk of stroke in young people.

14 Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Cardiovascular Changes Heart. Small amounts of alcohol can increase the heart rate and blood pressure. High levels of alcohol have the opposite effect, decreasing heart rate and blood pressure. Heart rhythm becomes irregular. Body temperature drops.

15 Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Digestive System Problems Stomach. Alcohol increases stomach acid production and can cause nausea and vomiting.

16 Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Liver and Kidney Problems Liver. Toxic chemicals are released as the liver metabolizes alcohol. These chemicals cause inflammation and scarring of the liver tissue. Kidneys. Alcohol causes the kidneys to increase urine output, which can lead to dehydration.

17 Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Pancreas Problems Pancreas. Consuming large amounts of alcohol quickly can cause pancreatitis, which is accompanied by acute, severe pain. The pancreas produces enzymes that break down nutrients in foods. Alcohol use can disrupt the absorption of these nutrients.

18 Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Alcohol use can decrease your performance in activities you enjoy.

19 Factors that Influence Alcohol’s Effects Body Size Gender Food Rate of Intake Amount Medicine A smaller person feels the effect of the same amount of alcohol faster than a larger person does. Alcohol generally moves into the bloodstream faster in females. Food in the stomach slows down the passage of alcohol into the bloodstream. If a person drinks alcohol faster than the liver can break it down, the person becomes intoxicated. As the amount of alcohol consumed increases, the level of alcohol in the bloodstream rises. Alcohol can interfere with the effects of medicines, and medicines can heighten the effects of alcohol.

20 Factors that Influence Alcohol’s Effects The effects of alcohol depend on many factors, including gender and body size.

21 Alcohol and Drug Interactions Alcohol and drug interactions can lead to illness or death. Medicines that may cause reactions have warning labels that advise people not to use alcohol.

22 Long-Term Effects of Alcohol Alcohol use can have negative effects on a person’s health. Alcohol use can have long-term effects on a user’s physical, mental/emotional, and social health.

23 Long-Term Effects of Alcohol Excessive alcohol use over a long period of time can damage the brain. Addiction Loss of brain function Brain damage

24 Long-Term Effects of Alcohol Excessive alcohol use over a long period of time can damage the cardiovascular system. Heart Damage High Blood Pressure

25 Long-Term Effects of Alcohol Excessive alcohol use over a long period of time can damage the digestive system. Irritation of digestive lining Fatty liver Alcoholic hepatitis Cirrhosis of the liver

26 Long-Term Effects of Alcohol Excessive alcohol use over a long period of time can damage the pancreas. Digestive chemicals destroy the pancreas, causing pain, vomiting, and even death.

27 Long-Term Effects of Alcohol If a person stops using alcohol, some of the physical effects of long-term alcohol use can be reversed over time. The negative effects of alcohol use can also include damage to relationships with family, friends, and others.

28 Binge Drinking and Alcohol Poisoning Consuming a large amount of alcohol over a short period of time can be fatal. Some people choose to drink large amounts of alcohol during one session.

29 Binge Drinking and Alcohol Poisoning Binge drinking can severely impair the drinker’s body systems. Binge drinking Drinking five or more alcoholic drinks at one sitting

30 Binge Drinking and Alcohol Poisoning Binge drinking can lead to alcohol poisoning. Alcohol poisoning A severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose

31 Effects of Alcohol Poisoning It is dangerous to assume that a person who has passed out after consuming a lot of alcohol will be fine if left to “sleep it off.” If you suspect that a person has alcohol poisoning, call 911 immediately.

32 Effects of Alcohol Poisoning Symptoms of Alcohol Poisoning Hypothermia or low body temperature Mental confusion and stupor Coma and an inability to be roused Vomiting and seizures Slow respiration Irregular heartbeat

33 END

34 Exit Ticket 1)List and Describe two factors that influence how fast a person becomes intoxicated. 2)Which is NOT a short-term effect of alcohol? a. Coordination is impaired. b. Vision is impaired. c. Less stomach acid is produced. d. Judgment is altered.

35 Exit Ticket 3) Which type of person is most likely to be quickly affected by alcohol? a. a small female who has not eaten b. a large female who just ate dinner c. a small male who just ate dinner d. a large male who has not eaten

36 4) Terry takes a 12-hour allergy medication, and then drinks alcohol after waiting an hour. Explain why this is not a safe behavior.

37 Answers 1)Body size, gender, food, rate of intake, amount, or medicine. 2)C 3)A 4)Alcohol use can decrease the effectiveness of some medications, and increase the effectiveness of others. Enzymes can damage the liver or other organs. Alcohol may increase the length of time the drug is in the body.

38 After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary The state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance, and mental and physical control is reduced; factors include body size, gender, food, rate of intake, amount, and medicine 1.What is intoxication? What influences how fast a person becomes intoxicated?

39 After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 2.Explain how alcohol acts as a depressant on the central nervous system. Slows reaction time, impairs vision, and diminishes clear thinking and good judgment

40 After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 3.What is binge drinking? What can happen as a result of binge drinking? Drinking five or more alcoholic drinks at one sitting; impaired physical and mental abilities, alcohol poisoning

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