Presentation on theme: "The Health Risks of Alcohol Use (1:36)"— Presentation transcript:
1The Health Risks of Alcohol Use (1:36) Click here to launch videoClick here to download print activity
2Do Now: Pick 3 Words and write the down the definition. Ethanol – Pg. 566Fermentation – Pg. 566Depressant – Pg. 567Intoxication – Pg. 567binge drinking – Pg. 569alcohol poisoning – Pg. 569
3ACT PREPThe lowest temperature on a winter morning was –8°F. Later that same day the temperature reached a high of 24°F. By how many degrees Fahrenheit did the temperature increase?A. 3°B. 8°C. 16°D. 24°E. 32°
4Today’s ObjectivesList and describe at least 3 factors that influence the onset and intensity of alcohol’s effects.Describe typical alcohol-drug interactions.Explain the long-term effects of alcohol use.Describe the effects of alcohol poisoning.
5Alcohol use can harm the body and the brain and cause a person to make poor decisions.
6AlcoholAlcohol is an addictive drug.Using alcohol during the teen years can affect brain development.
7Alcohol, or more accurately, ethanol is a powerful and addictive drug. The type of alcohol in alcoholic beverages
8AlcoholEthanol can be produced synthetically, or naturally through the fermentation of fruits, vegetables, and grains.FermentationThe chemical action of yeast on sugars
9Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Alcohol impairs the central nervous system.Using alcohol slows reaction time, impairs vision, and diminishes judgment.
10Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Alcohol is a depressant.DepressantA drug that slows the central nervous system
11Short-Term Effects of Alcohol The amount of alcohol that can cause intoxication varies from person to person.IntoxicationThe state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance, and the person’s physical and mental control is significantly reduced.
12Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Changes to the BrainDevelopment. Pathways and connections necessary for learning may be permanently damaged.Memory. Thought processes are disorganized, and memory and concentration are dulled.Judgment and control. Judgment is altered and coordination is impaired. Movement, speech, and vision may be affected.Risk of stroke. Alcohol use may increase risk of stroke in young people.
13Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Cardiovascular ChangesHeart. Small amounts of alcohol can increase the heart rate and blood pressure. High levels of alcohol have the opposite effect, decreasing heart rate and blood pressure. Heart rhythm becomes irregular. Body temperature drops.
14Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Digestive System ProblemsStomach. Alcohol increases stomach acid production and can cause nausea and vomiting.
15Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Liver and Kidney ProblemsLiver. Toxic chemicals are released as the liver metabolizes alcohol. These chemicals cause inflammation and scarring of the liver tissue.Kidneys. Alcohol causes the kidneys to increase urine output, which can lead to dehydration.
16Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Pancreas ProblemsPancreas. Consuming large amounts of alcohol quickly can cause pancreatitis, which is accompanied by acute, severe pain. The pancreas produces enzymes that break down nutrients in foods. Alcohol use can disrupt the absorption of these nutrients.
17Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Alcohol use can decrease your performance in activities you enjoy.
18Factors that Influence Alcohol’s Effects A smaller person feels the effect of the same amount of alcohol faster than a larger person does.Body SizeAlcohol generally moves into the bloodstream faster in females.GenderFood in the stomach slows down the passage of alcohol into the bloodstream.FoodIf a person drinks alcohol faster than the liver can break it down, the person becomes intoxicated.Rate of IntakeAs the amount of alcohol consumed increases, the level of alcohol in the bloodstream rises.AmountAlcohol can interfere with the effects of medicines, and medicines can heighten the effects of alcohol.Medicine
19Factors that Influence Alcohol’s Effects The effects of alcohol depend on many factors, including gender and body size.
20Alcohol and Drug Interactions Alcohol and drug interactions can lead to illness or death.Medicines that may cause reactions have warning labels that advise people not to use alcohol.
21Long-Term Effects of Alcohol Alcohol use can have negative effects on a person’s health.Alcohol use can have long-term effects on a user’s physical, mental/emotional, and social health.
22Long-Term Effects of Alcohol AddictionExcessive alcohol use over a long period of time can damage the brain.Loss of brain functionBrain damage
23Long-Term Effects of Alcohol Heart DamageExcessive alcohol use over a long period of time can damage the cardiovascular system.High Blood Pressure
24Long-Term Effects of Alcohol Irritation of digestive liningExcessive alcohol use over a long period of time can damage the digestive system.Fatty liverAlcoholic hepatitisCirrhosis of the liver
25Long-Term Effects of Alcohol Excessive alcohol use over a long period of time can damage the pancreas.Digestive chemicals destroy the pancreas, causing pain, vomiting, and even death.
26Long-Term Effects of Alcohol If a person stops using alcohol, some of the physical effects of long-term alcohol use can be reversed over time.The negative effects of alcohol use can also include damage to relationships with family, friends, and others.
27Binge Drinking and Alcohol Poisoning Consuming a large amount of alcohol over a short period of time can be fatal.Some people choose to drink large amounts of alcohol during one session.
28Binge Drinking and Alcohol Poisoning Binge drinking can severely impair the drinker’s body systems.Binge drinkingDrinking five or more alcoholic drinks at one sitting
29Binge Drinking and Alcohol Poisoning Binge drinking can lead to alcohol poisoning.Alcohol poisoningA severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose
30Effects of Alcohol Poisoning It is dangerous to assume that a person who has passed out after consuming a lot of alcohol will be fine if left to “sleep it off.”If you suspect that a person has alcohol poisoning, call 911 immediately.
31Effects of Alcohol Poisoning Hypothermia or low body temperatureMental confusion and stuporSymptoms of Alcohol PoisoningComa and an inability to be rousedIrregular heartbeatVomiting and seizuresSlow respiration
33Exit TicketList and Describe two factors that influence how fast a person becomes intoxicated.Which is NOT a short-term effect of alcohol?a. Coordination is impaired.b. Vision is impaired.c. Less stomach acid is produced.d. Judgment is altered.
34Exit Ticket3) Which type of person is most likely to be quickly affected by alcohol? a. a small female who has not eaten b. a large female who just ate dinner c. a small male who just ate dinner d. a large male who has not eaten
354) Terry takes a 12-hour allergy medication, and then drinks alcohol after waiting an hour. Explain why this is not a safe behavior.
36AnswersBody size, gender, food, rate of intake, amount, or medicine.CAAlcohol use can decrease the effectiveness of some medications, and increase the effectiveness of others. Enzymes can damage the liver or other organs. Alcohol may increase the length of time the drug is in the body.
37After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary What is intoxication? What influences how fast a person becomes intoxicated?The state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance, and mental and physical control is reduced; factors include body size, gender, food, rate of intake, amount, and medicine
38After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary Explain how alcohol acts as a depressant on the central nervous system.Slows reaction time, impairs vision, and diminishes clear thinking and good judgment
39After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary What is binge drinking? What can happen as a result of binge drinking?Drinking five or more alcoholic drinks at one sitting; impaired physical and mental abilities, alcohol poisoning