Presentation on theme: "The French and Indian War Do Now: Examine this painting for 60 seconds. Write down independent words describing what you see."— Presentation transcript:
The French and Indian War Do Now: Examine this painting for 60 seconds. Write down independent words describing what you see.
Mixed with taxes, growing political tensions, and skirmishes between colonists and British soldiers, the French and Indian war was a major factor in the Road to Revolution!
The year is 1754 and the France is the biggest rival to the British crown for land holdings in the new world… Before the French and Indian War, France had more land space than the British.. But the colonies were better for trade
So what’s the problem??! We want more land to make cities and money! We want to exploit the land, make money and give back to France! While France had a lot of land, there desire on how to use it was much different than that of the British.
9. That the assent of the President-General be requisite to all acts of the Grand Council, and that it be his office and duty to cause them to be carried into execution. 10. That the President-General, with the advice of the Grand Council, hold or direct all Indian treaties… and make peace or declare war with Indian nations. 11. That they make such laws as they judge necessary for regulating all Indian trade. … 15. That they raise and pay soldiers and build forts for the defense of any of the Colonies… 16. That for these purposes they have power to make laws, and lay and levy such general duties, imposts, or taxes… “[the President]…he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed…” “[the President]…shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur…” “[Congress will] regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes…” “[Congress will] raise and support Armies…To provide and maintain a Navy…” “The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises…” Albany PlanThe Constitution
What is the significance of this political cartoon?
Even though the French and Indian war is a well known conflict it marked the 4 th time that England and France had gone to war over land.
The war began when the English became alarmed at the Forts being built by the French in the Ohio River Valley and George Washington’s defeat at Fort Necessity In response to the French fort, the Virginia government sent a group of 22 militiamen, lead by George Washington, to the area. Ft. Duquesne Ft. Necessity
Ft. Duquesne Shaped like a star, the fort was very protective, and complete with barracks, cannons, and a drawbridge.
Ft. Necessity What will happen?!.....
Washington’s men attack! And they even take some prisoners… but this gets the French VERY upset. They retaliate on a MUCH larger scale and Washington is forced to surrender.
The French were able to win many battles in the early years of the war. But after three years the war changed in several ways… 1.) Ally with the Iroquois who know the land. 2.) Use their navy to block goods from coming into New France. 3.) The colonial forces give them strength in numbers.
Under the treaty… France ceded (or gave up) possession of northern New France and all lands east of the Mississippi River to Britain. Spain as an ally to France had to give up Florida to great Britain France ceded all claims to the west of the Mississippi River, including New Orleans to Spain. French Military power in North America had come to an end.
Now, North America was divided between the British and the Spanish, with the Mississippi River as the dividing line.