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Chapter 9 section 4 The Second President pg.291 Learning Objectives: -We will learn about what happened between America and France in the XYZ Affair. -We.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9 section 4 The Second President pg.291 Learning Objectives: -We will learn about what happened between America and France in the XYZ Affair. -We."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 9 section 4 The Second President pg.291 Learning Objectives: -We will learn about what happened between America and France in the XYZ Affair. -We will learn about why the Federalist Party split during John Adams’s presidency. -We will learn about the Alien and Sedition Acts and tell why the U.S. passed them. -We will learn about the surprise results of the 1800 election and tell how Congress fixed the problem. -We will learn about why Alexander Hamilton never became president.

2 Chapter 9 section 4 The Second President pg.291

3 Chapter 9 section 4 The Second President Setting the Scene John Adams is described as short, pudgy, outspoken, and short tempered. He always did what he thought was best for the country, not always what was most popular. pg.291

4 The Second President Conflict with France Chapter 9 section 4 pg.291

5 The Second President Conflict with France Chapter 9 section 4 pg.291

6 The Second President Conflict with France Chapter 9 section 4 pg.291 The West Indies FLORIDA MEXICO SOUTH AMERICA

7 So the French began doing what the British were doing, capturing our ships that were trading in the West Indies. The French hoped that we would have to negotiate a treaty with them as well. The French did not like Jay’s Treaty. They felt that by the U.S. signing it, that they had made an alliance with Britain. Chapter 9 section 4 pg.291 The Second President Conflict with France

8 Chapter 9 section 4 pg.291 The Second President Conflict with France John Adams sent diplomats to France to talk to the French government about respecting our Neutrality. Diplomats work for the President to help carry out his foreign policy. When the diplomats arrived, they were not allowed to talk to the French Foreign Minister. Instead they were met by French Agents. DIPLOMATS

9 Chapter 9 section 4 pg.291 The Second President Conflict with France Charles Maurice de Talleyrand French agents

10 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand French Foreign Minister (like our Sec. of State) American Diplomats X Y Z French Agents We are here to talk to Mr.Talleyrand about the neutrality of American ships! Bon Jour… how can we help you? Chapter 9 section 4 pg.291 The Second President Conflict with France

11 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand French Foreign Minister (like our Sec. of State) American Diplomats X Y Z French Agents Say what? Not a sixpence!!! We are American diplomats. We do not deal in bribes. Mr. Talleyrand is a very busy man. If you could perhaps give him some money, he may be able to meet with you. Chapter 9 section 4 pg.291 The Second President Conflict with France I want $250,000 to talk to me and a promise of a $10 million loan to France!

12 Chapter 9 section 4 pg.291-292 The Second President Conflict with France

13 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand American Diplomats X Y Z French Agents The Diplomats sent word back to President Adams who told Congress. The American people were very upset and insulted by the way they were being treated by France. Chapter 9 section 4 pg.292 The Second President Conflict with France

14 VIDEO BREAK ANIMATION BREAK http://www.dlt.ncssm.edu/tiger/Flash/history/XYZaffair.htm Chapter 9 section 4 pg.292 The Second President Conflict with France

15 Newspapers printed political cartoons like this one. Chapter 9 section 4 pg.292 The Second President Conflict with France

16 And this one... Chapter 9 section 4 pg.292 The Second President Conflict with France

17 Chapter 9 section 4 pg.292 The Second President Conflict with France

18 Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute! Down with France! It’s time for war! Chapter 9 section 4 pg.292 The Second President Conflict with France Boycott French Fries!

19 President Adams wanted to follow Washington’s precedent and stay out of the war between Britain and France, but he could not ignore the insult, so he asked Congress to approve spending on the navy. Neutrality Proclamation Chapter 9 section 4 pg.292 The Second President Conflict with France We are not prepared for war. We must stay neutral. But I can’t ignore this insult. Hmmm... I know… We will strengthen our navy to guard our ships against both the French and the British.

20 FRIGATES = Fast moving ships with many guns. Chapter 9 section 4 pg.292 The Second President Conflict with France

21 Chapter 9 section 4 pg.292 The Second President The Federalist Party Splits

22 Chapter 9 section 4 pg.292 The Second President The Federalist Party Splits

23 President Adams Alexander Hamilton War with France would be a blow to the Dem.-Reps. That would show Jefferson who our real trading partners are! NO! It’s our chance to crush the Dem.-Reps. and their French allies. To WAR! We must stay neutral! I am sending diplomats back to France to renegotiate our neutrality! But that’s not what’s best for the country. It is what the Federalist Party needs. You are not a true Federalist. Chapter 9 section 4 pg.292 The Second President The Federalist Party Splits

24 Talleyrand American Diplomats The young new leader of France, Napoleon Bonaparte was too busy planning to conquer all of Europe, so he agreed to leave the U.S. trading ships alone. We are asking France to respect our neutrality and our right to trade. (and our new frigates!) Oui… I agree to stop seizing your ships. But I am busy trying to conquer Europe, we will take care of the Americans later. Besides, did you see those frigates? Chapter 9 section 4 pg.292 You do not need to negotiate with the Americans, they are weak! The Second President The Federalist Party Splits

25 Chapter 9 section 4 pg.293 The Second President Alien and Sedition Acts

26 Alien Act This says any alien (foreigner) can be kicked out of the country if the President thinks they are dangerous. Immigrants must now wait 14 years to become a citizen and to vote. Opponents argued that this violates the 5th and 6th amendments rights to a fair trial / innocent until proven guilty. Democratic-Republicans disliked this law because many of their supporters were immigrants who were waiting to become citizens. This meant they would have less voting supporters in the next election. This was America’s first immigration law in a nation of immigrants. Chapter 9 section 4 pg.293 The Second President Alien and Sedition Acts

27 Chapter 9 section 4 pg.291 The Second President Alien and Sedition Acts

28 Sedition Act A citizen could be fined or jailed for criticizing the government or its officials in a way that could be seen as stirring up a rebellion against the government. Under this law, citizens, newspaper editors, and even Congressmen were fined and put in jail for expressing their opinions. Opponents argued that this took away the 1st Amendment rights of freedom of speech and freedom of the press. Chapter 9 section 4 pg.291 The Second President Alien and Sedition Acts

29 Alien and Sedition Acts “They have brought into the lower house a sedition bill, which….undertakes to make printing certain matters criminal…. Indeed this bill & the alien bill both are so against the Constitution as to show they mean to pay no respect to it.” Chapter 9 section 4 pg.293 The Second President Alien and Sedition Acts

30 Chapter 9 section 4 pg.293 The Second President The Rights of States

31 “I feel that states should have the right to nullify or cancel any law that they feel is unconstitutional. If the federal government only has those powers listed in the Constitution, then the power to declare a law unconstitutional must belong to the states. Each state has an equal right to judge for itself whether a law is unconstitutional. Chapter 9 section 4 pg.293 The Second President The Rights of States Thomas Jefferson

32 Chapter 9 section 4 pg.293 The Second President The Rights of States Kentucky Virginia VS. The Federal Government

33 “I feel that states should have the right to nullify or cancel any law that they feel is unconstitutional. If the federal government only has those powers listed in the Constitution, then the power to declare a law unconstitutional must belong to the states. Each state has an equal right to judge for itself whether a law is unconstitutional. Kentucky Virginia VS. The Federal Govt. Kentucky and Virginia each passed a resolution refusing to carry out the Alien and Sedition acts within their state borders. It was never tested in court because the laws were eventually changed. Chapter 9 section 4 pg.293 The Second President The Rights of States

34 Chapter 9 section 4 pg.293 The Second President The Rights of States Kentucky Virginia VS. The Federal Government ?

35 Chapter 9 section 4 pg.294 The Second President The Election of 1800 JEFFERSON /BURR VS. ADAMS/PINCKNEY Different Pinckney… Charles C. Pinckney this time.

36 Chapter 9 section 4 pg.294 The Second President The Election of 1800 JEFFERSON /BURR VS. ADAMS/PINCKNEY Different Pinckney… Charles C. Pinckney this time.

37 The Election of 1800 DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS THOMAS JEFFERSON AARON BURR FEDERALISTS JOHN ADAMS CHARLES C. PINCKNEY This time, there was a tie between Jefferson and Burr in the electoral college results. Each candidate received 73 votes. John Adams received only 65 votes and Pinckney 64 with one vote going to John Jay who also ran as a Federalist. Chapter 9 section 4 pg.294

38 The Election of 1800 DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS THOMAS JEFFERSON AARON BURR FEDERALISTS JOHN ADAMS CHARLES C. PINCKNEY Because of the tie, the House of Representatives had to vote to choose the president. It took 36 votes and four days to break a tie in the House of Representatives and elect Thomas Jefferson as the 3rd president of the United States. Chapter 9 section 4 pg.294

39 Chapter 9 section 4 pg.294 The Second President The Election of 1800 12th Amendment Electors in the Electoral College will vote for president and vice president separately. The president will be the person who has a MAJORITY of the total electoral votes.

40 Chapter 9 section 4 pg.294 The Second President The Federalist Era Ends


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