Presentation on theme: "1-2-3 Magic By Dr. Thomas Phelan. The program must be used exactly as described. For 2-12 year olds (must consider development level) Simple Practical."— Presentation transcript:
The program must be used exactly as described. For 2-12 year olds (must consider development level) Simple Practical effective
Two Types of Behaviors “Stop” Behaviors- obnoxious behaviors (arguing, whining, tantrums, etc.) “Start” Behaviors- positive behaviors (cleaning room, going to bed, brushing teeth, sharing, etc.)
Parents Biggest Mistakes “Little Adult Assumption” (reasonable, unselfish, sympathetic) Too Much Talking (Words) Too Much Emotion (Reasoning) Typical Pattern: talk-persuade-argue- yell-hit Why? Kids feel inferior-they can make a “big Splash”
“Wild Animal Trainer” Choose an effective method and repeat it Train-do not persuade Consequent the “stop” behaviors Reinforce the “start” behaviors There are times when words, reasoning & communication are appropriate. “Dictatorship”- “Democracy”
Rules No Emotion Rule (get upset & child will continue) No Talk Rule (no negotiation)
Starting the Program Goal- to stop the unwanted behaviors like arguing, whining, demanding, etc. All caregivers must use it Explain it to the child before you start
How it Works 1) Give a physical and verbal warning-hold up one finger and say, child’s name “That’s one.” wait a few seconds depending on the age. If the child stops, that’s fine, if not proceed. 2) Give second verbal and visual warning- hold up two fingers and say, “That’s two.” If the child stops, that’s great, if not, proceed. 3) Hold up three fingers and say, “That’s three-go to time out.”
Time outs One minute per year of age- depends on child’s developmental level. Time outs may be in the child’s bedroom or a specified place in the house, away from others. When the child comes out, act as if nothing happened-no lectures. With younger kids, use the moment to teach. Serious offences go right to time-out.
Common mistakes when counting Parents talking too much-persuading Parents getting too upset-too much emotion Not keeping it up long enough- inconsistent Getting sidetracked by the child’s testing or manipulation
Responses from Kids Immediate Delayed Should see results in 7-10 days Some kids will get worse before better With repeated use, kids will start responding on 1 or 2
Testing & Manipulation Two Reasons: 1) to get what they want (if it works for them, they will continue) To get revenge (you frustrated them and they are going to get you back- if you get frustrated, then they have won)
Testing If your child has a favorite tactic, it is probably working If they are using all the tactics, they are fishing for your weakness Count these behaviors You can ignore passive pouting or butter-up, unless it becomes aggressive, then count
Remember You’re the boss- don’t get baited into an argument- Just Count! Give one explanation No extra talk No emotion Your authority is not negotiable
Choose Your Battles In the beginning- Count all “stop” behaviors, until kids internalize the program, then you may want to ignore some The consequence is short & sweet- should not cause war or revenge It is forgotten afterwards- no hard feelings
Frequently Asked Questions Will my child hate his/her room? The power comes from the interruption in the child’s activity. Less chance of hating room if there’s no yelling before. Child can play in room, but no T.V., video games, phone, friend, etc. In front of others? Yes, do it as if alone.
Questions In Public? Count as usual. Get it going strong at home first before trying in public.Use cart, corner of store, washroom, car, for time-out. Do not talk to the child while in time-out. Bribery- define “good” behavior- “If I don’t have to count to 3, then you get a treat.”
Questions Car? 1-2-3 = No talk or pull car off road. For long trips plan ahead a reward system. Won’t go to room? Younger kids may have to be carried. Older kids- reverse time-out- parent removes themselves from room and doesn’t talk for specific amount of time, take away allowance or privileges.
Questions Won’t stay in room? If they stay in the room, don’t have to shut door. If they come out, may have to hold door or hold younger child if out of control. Remember-no emotion. Let the child know you will let go when they can control themselves.
Questions Won’t come out? Let them know the time is up. Use kitchen timer-place where they can hear bell if possible. On phone? Hold fingers up to count. Self-esteem? Doesn’t hurt like yelling. Room Wrecker? Remove valuables, don’t clean room for child, don’t be afraid to count in the future.
Questions Sibling Rivalry? Count both kids, unless one is the obvious aggressor. Don’t count if you didn’t se it or hear it. Don't use same room for time out. Don’t expect the older child to be more mature- you stack the deck for the younger child. Don’t ask the dumb question, “Who started it?”
Questions Tantrums? Count-time out begins when they are quiet. Pouting? Ignore unless it becomes aggressive.
Positive “Start” Behaviors Catch them being good. Twice as many positive statements about behavior as negative. Teach or be quiet. Teaching doesn’t involve nagging or yelling.
Tactics PVF-Positive Verbal Feedback- do it randomly so child doesn’t come to expect it Use a timer to get things done-beat clock Charting-stickers, etc. combine with praise “If_____,then____. Statements Extra privileges or removal of privileges
Consequences Have pre-determined consequences for behaviors. Logical- related to the behavior Natural- happens naturally without parent Go right to 3 for big offenses