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Driftwood Middle School

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1 Driftwood Middle School
Compare & Contrast Sherwood Brooks Driftwood Middle School Reading 2010

2 What does it mean to …? Compare = similarities Contrast = differences

3 What kinds of things do we compare and contrast in our daily lives?
Clothing Literature Restaurants Height Drinks Music What other things do we compare/contrast?

4 Why do we compare and contrast things?
To decide if we like that object To determine if we want to buy it To figure out if we want to eat there Why else????

5 Why do we compare and contrast literature?
Look for similar themes Make comparisons to our own lives Learn life lessons Learn about other perspectives Understand differences and similarities that lead to self understanding, tolerance, acceptance

6 What features can we use to compare and contrast the wooden spoon
and the spaghetti spoon? Features: Function/Use Weight Material Shape

7 Venn Diagram Wooden Spoon Spaghetti Spoon metal & plastic wood
shallow scoop used in cooking deep scoop light a little heavy scoop sauce scoop spaghetti Features: material, shape, weight, use

8 Graphic Organizers for Comparing and Contrasting

9 Graphic Organizers for Comparing and Contrasting

10 Graphic Organizers for Comparing and Contrasting

11 Cell phone Regular phone Group 1 Group 2 Ipod Radio Directions: In the groups I assigned, complete the Venn diagram for the two objects. Remember to list the features you are comparing in the diagram. Truck Car Laptop Home PC Group 4 Group 3

12 Key words to express Comparison:
like similar as same in the same way too both most important have in common the same as similarly as well as Key words to express Contrast: although yet whereas however but while differ instead unless unlike on the contrary contrary to even though on the other hand the reverse

13 Identifying Compare and Contrast Relationships in Text
    My hometown and college town have several things in common. First, both are small rural communities. For example, my hometown, High Rock, has a population of only about 10,000 people. Similarly, my college town, Rock City, consists of about 11,000 local residents. This population swells to 15,000 people when the college students are attending classes. A second way in which these two towns are similar is that they are both located in rural areas. High Rock is surrounded by many acres of farmland which is devoted mainly to growing corn and soybeans. In the same way, Rock City lies in the center of farmland which is used to raise hogs and cattle. Thirdly, these towns are similar in that they contain college campuses. High Rock, for example, is home to Neutron College, which is famous for its Agricultural Economics program as well as for its annual Corn-Watching Festival. Likewise, the town of Rock City boasts the beautiful campus of Quark College, which is well known for its Agricultural Engineering department and also for its yearly Hog-Calling Contest.

14 Arizona and Rhode Island
Even though Arizona and Rhode Island are both states of the U.S., they are strikingly different in many ways. For example, the physical size of each state is different. Arizona is large, having an area of 114,000 square miles, whereas Rhode Island is only about a tenth the size, having an area of only 1,214 square miles. Another difference is in the size of the population of each state. Arizona has about four million people living in it, but Rhode Island has less than one million. The two states also differ in the kinds of natural environments that each has. For example, Arizona is a very dry state, consisting of large desert areas that do not receive much rainfall every year. However, Rhode Island is located in a temperate zone and receives an average of 44 inches of rain per year. In addition, while Arizona is a landlocked state and thus has no seashore, Rhode Island lies on the Atlantic Ocean and does have a significant coastline.

15 Fill in the key words In the same way       likewise      another similarity      similarly      whereas      too  while  both       however         Even though we come from different cultures, my wife and I are alike in several ways. For one thing, we are thirty-two years old. In fact, our birthdays are in the same month, hers on July 10 and mine on July 20. _________ is that we both grew up in large cities. Helene was born and raised in Paris and I come from Yokohama. Third, our hobbies are alike _________. My wife devotes a lot of her free time to playing jazz piano. _________, I like to spend time after work strumming my guitar. A more important similarity concerns our values. For example, Helene has strong opinions about educating our children and raising them to know right from wrong. I feel _________. Our children should receive a good education and also have strong moral training.

16 We often use the words career and job to discuss the same thing – work – but there is a difference between these two words. A career usually refers to the course or path of one’s working life, while a job is just one part of the journey. In other words a career is a profession or occupation but a job is a position of employment. For example, food service is a career, whereas grill cook is a job. Ideally, one can choose from many jobs within a career. According to the article, what is one difference between a career and a job? What clue word signals the difference between food services and grill cook?

17 Graphic Organizers for Comparing and Contrasting T - Chart

18 Two Ways to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay
Block Method Point –by- Point Method

19 Block Method Introduction
II. First item A. First point about this item B. Second point about this item C. Third point about this item III. Second item A. First point about this item B. Second point about this item C. Third point about this item IV. Conclusion

20 Point - By - Point Method Introduction
II. First point A. Explain how this point relates to the first item B. Explain how this point relates to the second item III. Second point A. Explain how this point relates to the first item B. Explain how this point relates to the second item IV. Third point A. Explain how this point relates to the first item B. Explain how this point relates to the second item V. Conclusion

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