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COMPARISON AND CONTRAST ESSAY Presented by: Edi Brata.

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Presentation on theme: "COMPARISON AND CONTRAST ESSAY Presented by: Edi Brata."— Presentation transcript:

1 COMPARISON AND CONTRAST ESSAY Presented by: Edi Brata

2 TO COMPARE AND TO CONTRAST  To compare means to discuss how two people, places, ot things are similar.  To contrast means to discuss how two people, places, or things are different.

3 COMPARISON STRUCTURE WORDS SENTENCE CONNECTORS CLAUSE CONNECTORS OTHERS SUBORDINATORS COORDINATORS/ CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS similarly likewise also too as just as and both... and not only... but also neither... nor like (+noun) just like (+noun) similar to (+noun) (be) similar (to) (be) the same as (be) the same (be) alike to compare to/with

4 COMPARISON STRUCTURE WORDS Examples: a.Human workers can detect malfunctions in machinery. b.Robot can be programmed to detect equipment malfunctions. Human workers can detect malfunctions in machinery; likewise/ similarly, robot can be programmed to detect equipment malfunctions.

5 COMPARISON STRUCTURE WORDS Examples: a.Human workers can detect malfunctions in machinery. b.Robot can be programmed to detect equipment malfunctions. Human workers can detect malfunctions in machinery; robot can also.

6 COMPARISON STRUCTURE WORDS Examples: a.Human workers can detect malfunctions in machinery. b.Robot can be programmed to detect equipment malfunctions. Human workers can detect malfunctions in machinery; robot can too.

7 COMPARISON STRUCTURE WORDS Examples: a.Human workers can detect malfunctions in machinery. b.Robot can be programmed to detect equipment malfunctions. Robot can detect malfunctions in machinery, as/just as human workers can.

8 COMPARISON STRUCTURE WORDS Examples: a.Human workers can detect malfunctions in machinery. b.Robot can be programmed to detect equipment malfunctions. o Robot and human worker can detect malfunctions. o Both Robot and human worker can detect malfunctions. o Not only robot but also human worker can detect malfunctions.

9 COMPARISON STRUCTURE WORDS Examples: a.Human workers can detect malfunctions in machinery. b.Robot can be programmed to detect equipment malfunctions. o Robot, like/just like/similar to human worker, can detect malfunctions. o Robot is similar to/ is the same as human worker because they can both detect malfunctions. o In their ability to detect malfunctions, robot and human worker are the same.

10 COMPARISON STRUCTURE WORDS Examples: a.Human workers can detect malfunctions in machinery. b.Robot can be programmed to detect equipment malfunctions. o Robot and human worker are alike/ are similar because they can both detect malfunctions. o Robot can be compared to/ be compared with human worker in their ability to detect malfunctions.

11 CONTRAST STRUCTURE WORDS (CONCESSION/ UNEXPECTED RESULT) SENTENCE CONNECTORS CLAUSE CONNECTORS OTHERS SUBORDINATORS COORDINATORS/ CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS however nevertheless nonetheless still although even though though but yet despite (+noun) in spite of (+noun)

12 CONTRAST STRUCTURE WORDS (CONCESSION/ UNEXPECTED RESULT) Examples: a.It began to rain; however/nevertheless/nonetheless/still, we continued our hike. b.We continued our hike although/even though/though it began to rain. c.It began to rain, but/yet we continued our hike. d.Despite/in spite of the rain, we continued our hike.

13 CONTRAST STRUCTURE WORDS (DIRECT OPPOSITION) SENTENCE CONNECTORS CLAUSE CONNECTORS OTHERS SUBORDINATORS COORDINATORS/ CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS however in contrast in (by) comparison on the other hand on the contrary while whereas Butdiffer from compared (to/with) (be) different (from) (be) dissimilar to (be) unlike

14 CONTRAST STRUCTURE WORDS (DIRECT OPPOSITION) Examples: a.The term rock music commonly refers to music styles after 1959 that were influenced primarily by white musicians; however/in contrast/in comparison/on the other hand, rhytm-and-blues music styles were influenced by black musicians. b.The term rock music commonly refers to music styles after 1959 that were influenced primarily by white musicians, whereas/while rhytm-and-blues music styles were influenced by black musicians. c.The term rock music commonly refers to music styles after 1959 that were influenced primarily by white musicians, but rhytm-and-blues music styles were influenced by black musicians.

15 CONTRAST STRUCTURE WORDS (DIRECT OPPOSITION) Examples: d.Early rock music differs from later styles in that later styles make use of electronics to produce the sound. e.Compared to/Compared with earlier rock styles, later rock styles have harder a harder sound. f.Early rock music different from/dissimilarto/unlike later rock music.

16 ORGANIZATION FOR COMPARISON AND CONTRAST ESSAY  Block Organization We discuss all of the similarities in one block, and all of the differences in another block.  Point-by-Point Organization We make a sentence-by-sentence comparison of features in any order that seems appropiate for the topic.

17 ORGANIZATION FOR COMPARISON AND CONTRAST ESSAY Model Block Organization Thesis Statement: One way to decide between two job offers is to evaluate what the similarities and the differences are before making a decision. I.The salary and fringe benefits of job X and job Y are almost the same. A.Salary (job X and job Y) B.Fringe benefits (job X and job Y) II.Although the salary and fringe benefits are equal, there are big differences in the areas of workplace athmosphere and opportunity for advancement A.Workplace athmosphere 1.Job X 2.Job Y B.Opportunity for advancement 1.Job X 2.Job Y III.Conclusion

18 ORGANIZATION FOR COMPARISON AND CONTRAST ESSAY Model Point-by-Point Organization Thesis Statement: One way to decide between two job offers is to evaluate what the similarities and the differences are before making a decision. I.The salaries of job X and job Y are approximately equal. A.Job X’s salary B.Job Y’s salary II.Job X offers the same fringe benefits as Job Y. A.Job X’s fringe benefits B.Job Y’s fringe benefits III.In contrast to Job Y, Job X offers good opportunities for advancement. A.Job X’s opportunities for advancement B.Job Y’s opportunities for advancement IV.Unlike the high-pressure and competitive athmosphere at Company X, the athmosphere at Company Y seems friendly and supportive. A.Athmosphere at Company X B.Athmosphere at Company Y V.Conclusion


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