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Two Ways to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay 1.Block Method 2.Point –by- Point Method This slide show provides two outlines and two models of essays.

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Presentation on theme: "Two Ways to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay 1.Block Method 2.Point –by- Point Method This slide show provides two outlines and two models of essays."— Presentation transcript:

1 Two Ways to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay 1.Block Method 2.Point –by- Point Method This slide show provides two outlines and two models of essays comparing and contrasting apples to oranges. The slides following the outlines and models contain two different outline templates you must choose from to use while planning your Hop Frog/Edward Scissorhands essay. You must decide whether you will use the block or the point-by-point method and follow the template for that method in your essay. As you plan, keep in mind your thesis- What is the purpose of your analysis? What new idea can readers understand through your analysis of the two works? Ultimately, your essay should focus on the themes of each work and what the creators do to illuminate these themes in each work.

2 I.Introduction (state the reason for the comparison) II. First item (apples) A. First point about this item (taste) B. Second point about this item (texture) C. Third point about this item (uses) D. Fourth point about this item (nutrition) III. Second item (oranges) A. First point about this item (taste) B. Second point about this item (texture) C. Third point about this item (uses) D. Fourth point about this item (nutrition) IV. Conclusion

3 Introduction Although both apples and oranges are flavorful and nutritious fruits, there are also marked differences that make them unique to themselves. By examining the tastes, textures, uses, and nutritional content of each fruit, consumers can make better choices that can help to improve their overall health and well being. *Names the items to be compared *Indicates the purpose of the comparison *Names the grounds for comparison

4 First Item (apples) Taste is, perhaps, the most important factor to consider when selecting foods. The flesh of an apple is lightly sweet and its outer skin has a mild earthy flavor that most find enjoyable. In addition to taste, texture is a factor that can affect ones enjoyment of a particular food. The flesh of the apple is soft, dry and lightly crispy. It is easy to chew and swallow. On the outside, the apple is shiny with a smooth surface. The skin is thin and easy to bite into, but it is crunchy and can take a little time to fully chew. Apples also have a tough core and seeds inside. While most enjoy the inside texture, some choose to peel the outer skin and remove the core to make chewing easier. Many people also prefer fruits, such as apples, that can be prepared in a variety ways. Apples are made into juice and cider by pressing the juice form the fruit. Apple juices and slices can also be a nice and different addition to salad and meat recipes. For sweet treats, apples are made into spreadable butters, muffins, fritters, turnovers, and, of course, pies. Apples are also delicious picked fresh right off the tree. The last and,perhaps, most important consideration when deciding which fruits to enjoy is nutrition. Apples are a nutritious, healthy snack options when eaten raw. Apples are fat free and, at 65 calories per serving, low calorie food. They contain no saturated fat, cholesterol or sodium. Apples are known for being a good source of dietary fiber and vitamin C, too. The only down side to fresh apples is that most of its calories come form sugars.

5 Second Item (oranges) Like apples, the flesh of oranges are also sweet, however, they are often much sweeter than apples and they also have a tangy citrus that apples dont. Unlike apple skins, if eaten, the skin of an orange tastes extremely bitter and unpleasant. Depending on ones tastes, one may find one of these fruits more flavorful than the other. Similar to apples, oranges are soft inside and have seeds. However, the fruits differ in that the inside of an orange is extremely juicy, whereas an apples is not. In contrast to the apples skin, the oranges skin is bumpy and thick. Because of its thick texture and bitter taste, people always choose to discard orange skins, whereas many will eat the skin of an apple. Whatever ones food texture preferences, each fruit provides consumers with different eating options. Like apples, oranges are also made into juice. However, orange juice is produced by squeezing the fruit rather than pressing it. When it comes to salads and meat recipes, oranges are used to add flavor the same way apples are. Instead of spreadable butters, oranges are used for marmalades, and while apples are famous for pies, oranges are famous for sherbets. Regardless of which of these versatile fruits one prefers, one can find endless ways to enjoy each of them. Similar to apples, oranges are also fat free. However, a fresh orange has 20 more calories than an apple. Like the apple, the orange gets most of these calories from sugars, too. On the upside, the orange contains more essential minerals than the apple. In addition to being a great source of vitamin C and fiber, oranges also contain thiamin, folate and potassium, Also different from apples, oranges provide protein, whereas apples do not. While both fruits are healthy choices, depending on individual dietary needs, one fruit may be a better choice over the other.

6 Block Method Outline for Hop Frog/ Edward Scissorhands Analysis I.Introduction (introduce works; state the aspects being compared; state the reason/purpose for the comparison {thesis}) II. First item (Hop Frog) A. First point about this item (main character and his situation) B. Second point about this item (characters motives and conflicts) C. Third point about this item (what the character learns) D. Fourth point about this item (resolution of the conflict) E. Fifth point about this item (theme of the story) III. Second item (Edward Scissorhands) A. First point about this item (main character and his situation) B. Second point about this item (characters motives and conflicts) C. Third point about this item (what the character learns) D. Fourth point about this item (resolution of the conflict) E. Fifth point about this item (theme of the story) Use compare/contrast key words to show how second item is similar to or different from the first item. IV. Conclusion- sum it up/ tell why it matters

7 **Point- By - Point Method (outline) Key words I.Introduction Introduce items being compared/contrasted State benefits or purpose for analysis (thesis) List points of comparison II. First point (taste) A. Explanation of how this point relates to the first item (apples) B. Explanation of how this point relates to the second item (oranges) III. Second point (texture) A. Explanation of how this point relates to the first item (apples) B. Explanation of how this point relates to the second item (oranges) IV. Third point (uses) A. Explanation of how this point relates to the first item (apples) B. Explanation of how this point relates to the second item (oranges) VI. Fourth point (nutritional value) A. Explanation of how this point relates to the first item (apples) B. Explanation of how this point relates to the second item (oranges) Conclusion

8 Introduction Although both apples and oranges are flavorful and nutritious fruits, there are also marked differences that make them unique to themselves. By examining the tastes, textures, uses, and nutritional content of each fruit, consumers can make better choices that can help to improve their overall health and well being. *Names the items to be compared *Indicates the purpose of the comparison (thesis) *Names the grounds for comparison

9 First Point Taste is, perhaps, the most important factor to consider when selecting foods. The flesh of an apple is lightly sweet and its outer skin has a mild earthy flavor that most find enjoyable. Like apples, the flesh of oranges are also sweet, however, they are often much sweeter than apples and they also have a tangy citrus that apples dont. Unlike apple skins, if eaten, the skin of an orange tastes extremely bitter and unpleasant. Depending on ones tastes, one may find one of these fruits more flavorful than the other.

10 Second Point In addition to taste, texture is a factor that can affect ones enjoyment of a particular food. The flesh of the apple is soft, dry and lightly crispy. It is easy to chew and swallow. On the outside, the apple is shiny with a smooth surface. The skin is thin and easy to bite into, but it is crunchy and can take a little time to fully chew. Apples also have a tough core and seeds inside. While most enjoy the inside texture, some choose to peel the outer skin and remove the core to make chewing easier. Similar to apples, oranges are soft inside and have seeds. However, the fruits differ in that the inside of an orange is extremely juicy, whereas an apples is not. In contrast to the apples skin, the oranges skin is bumpy and thick. Because of its thick texture and bitter taste, people always choose to discard orange skins, whereas many will eat the skin of an apple. Whatever ones food texture preferences, each fruit provides consumers with different eating options.

11 Third Point Apples and oranges can be eaten right off the tree, but they both also afford the consumer a variety of uses. Apples are made into juice and cider by pressing the juice form the fruit. Apple juices and slices can also be a nice and different addition to salad and meat recipes. For sweet treats, apples are made into spreadable butters, muffins, fritters, turnovers, and, of course, pies. Similar to apples, oranges are also made into juice. However, orange juice is produced by squeezing the fruit rather than pressing it. When it comes to salads and meat recipes, oranges are used to add flavor the same way apples are. Instead of spreadable butters, oranges are used for marmalades, and while apples are famous for pies, oranges are famous for sherbets. Regardless of which of these versatile fruits one prefers, one can find endless ways to enjoy each of them.

12 Fourth Point The last and,perhaps, most important consideration when deciding which of these fruits to enjoy is nutrition. Both of these fruits are nutritious, healthy snack options when eaten raw. Apples are a fat free and, at 65 calories per serving, low calorie food. They contain no saturated fat, cholesterol or sodium. Apples are known for being a good source of dietary fiber and vitamin C, too. The only down side to fresh apples is that most of its calories come form sugars. Similar to apples, oranges are also fat free. However, a fresh orange has 20 more calories than an apple. Like the apple, the orange gets most of these calories from sugars, too. On the upside, the orange contains more essential minerals than the apple. In addition to being a great source of vitamin C and fiber, oranges also contain thiamin, folate and potassium, Also different from apples, oranges provide protein, whereas apples do not. While both fruits are healthy choices, depending on individual dietary needs, one fruit may be a better choice over the other.

13 Conclusion Even though apples and oranges are very unique fruits, they are both tasty, versatile, nutritious foods. It is these similarities which make them both great options for healthful eating. Summary of main points Restatement of thesis

14 **Point- By - Point Method (outline) for Hop Frog/Edward Scissorhands analysis Key words I.Introduction Introduce titles (with author) being compared/contrasted List points of comparison State benefits or purpose for analysis (thesis) II. First point (plot) A. Explain plot in Hop Frog B. Explain how plot in Edward Scissorhands is similar and different from Hop Frog III. Second point (setting) A. Explain setting in Hop Frog B. Explain how setting in Edward Scissorhands is similar and different from Hop Frog IV. Third point (character) A. Explain character in Hop Frog (focus on Hop Frog) B. Explain how character in Edward Scissorhands (focus on Edward) is similar and different from Hop Frog VI. Fourth point (theme) A. Explain themes in Hop Frog (focus on Hop Frog) B. Explain how themes in Edward Scissorhands are similar and different from Hop Frog VII. Conclusion

15 YOU MUST USE SIGNAL WORDS IN YOUR ESSAY!!! Key words to express Comparison (how things are alike): like similar as same in the same way too both most important have in common the same as similarly as well as Key words to express Contrast (how things are different): although yet whereas however but while differ instead unless unlike on the contrary contrary to even though on the other hand the reverse


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