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Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne SDI Requirements.

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Presentation on theme: "Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne SDI Requirements."— Presentation transcript:

1 Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne SDI Requirements of LA Incorporating Sustainable Development Objectives into ICT Enabled Land Administration Systems Expert Group Meeting 9-11 November 2005 Geomatics The University of Melbourne Australia’s International Science Linkages Program Centre for SDIs and Land Administration

2 Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne Background Internationally SDI concept has focussed on National SDIs; However, SDIs are increasingly focussing on large-scale people relevant data (land parcel based data or build environmental data); A central aspect in understanding these developments is the evolution of mapping, and the growth of land administration systems and national mapping initiatives in different countries.

3 Role of SDI Starting from the current initiatives to implement SDI as a mechanism to facilitate access/sharing of spatial data hosted in distributed GISs (the conventional concept); through the access and chain of web services offered by distributed GISs, making use of Internet technologies; virtual jurisdictionvirtual enterpriseTo a new business paradigm where ‘SDI’ is emerging as a ‘virtual jurisdiction’ or ‘virtual enterprise’ to promote the partnership of SI-organisations (Public/Private) to provide wider scope of data and services, of size and complexity that is beyond their individual capacity. The development of such SDI requires an integrated platform to support the chaining of services across participating SI- organisations.

4 Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne To understand the role of SDIs at a sub-national level (eg. state level) we must understand the relationship between SDIs and land administration. Sustainable Development LA SDI

5 Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne Data People Government data ServicesInfrastructure Industry Vision is to Facilitate the Integration of Existing Government Spatial Data Initiatives for Access and Delivery of Data/Information Fundamental Dataset model Principle of Custodianship Partnership Approach SI Services Public Connecting people to data and services Enhancing the capability of government, the private sector and the general community to engage in systems based, integrated and holistic decision making about the future. Enabling Platform National/State SI Initiatives

6 Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne The Role of Sub-National Government and the Private Sector in Future SDIs

7 Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne Relationship between the 1st and 2nd Generation of SDI and the Product and Process-based SDI Development Models Continuum of SDI Development 1 st Generation 2 nd Generation Product-Based SDI development model - Definition of data - Collection of data - Integration of data - Data Base Creation - More Implementation Process-Based SDI development model - Knowledge Infrastructure - Capacity Building - Communication - Coordination Countries begin developing SDI anytime along the continuum

8 Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne Role of Government and the Private Sector in SDI Development over the Past Decade National Government State/Local Government Private Sector Influence on SDI development over past 10 years Strategic & Operational Activity Uncoordinate d Activity

9 Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne Emerging SDI Development Trends and Initiatives State/Local Government Private Sector National Government Current Influence on SDI Development Operational Strategic

10 Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne Continuum of SDI Development based on the 1st and 2nd Generations of SDI Future Developing Countries Emerging Economies Product-Based SDI development model Process Based SDI development model National/Federal Government Influence – Data Focus National, Sub-national Govt. and Private Sector Influence – Process Focus 1 st Generation Developed Countries Developed, Emerging and Developing Countries 2 nd Generation Towards the Next Generation Sub-national Govt. and Private Sector Influence – Strategic National focus Delivery of a Virtual Environment

11 Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne UN-FIG Bogor Declaration on Cadastral Reform (1996) The spatial cadastral framework (usually a cadastral map) should be a fundamental layer within a Nation SDI so that topographic and cadastral maps are homogenous.

12 Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne Integration of Built and Natural Environmental Datasets within a National SDI

13 Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne Integration of datasets to facilitate sustainable development Sustainable Development Built Data Natural Data This project will investigate the justification for integrating these two forms of spatial data in support of sustainable development and develop a model/ framework and associated tools capable of being used in diverse jurisdictions. Project Aim

14 Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne SDI Sustainable Development Economic, Social, Environment Country Context Institutional Arrangements Land Policy Framework Land Information Infrastructures e-Citizenshipe-Government Land Administration Functions Land Tenure, Land Value, Land-Use, Land Development Land Administration Arrangements (Adopted from Enemark, Williamson and Wallace, 2004) Incorporating sustainable development objectives into ICT enabled land administration systems Topo Dataset Cadastre Data Other Data Data Integration Interoperability Issues Data Delivery System Data Sharing, ….

15 Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne SDISDI Computerization DCDB and Indexes Manual Systems Hardcopy Maps and Indexes Online Land Administration Web enablement eLand Administration Interoperability iLand Spatially Enabled Government and Private Sector Technical Evolution of Land Administration

16 Public engagement Public engagement Private businesses Private businesses New products New products Private Public Private Public Partnerships Partnerships Access MarketServices Policy Information TechnicalTools Evaluation&Monitoring Rights,Restrictions&Responsibilities Principles Principles Research Research International monitoring International monitoring Government reviews Government reviews Authentic registers Authentic registers Accurate, Dynamic Land Land Buildings Buildings Relative, Dynamic Businesses Businesses People People Transactions Transactions Processes Processes Values Values Sharing Sharing Pricing Pricing Licensing Licensing Technical systems Technical systems Privacy, Commercial Privacy, Commercial Collection of information Collection of information Outcome measurement Outcome measurement Feedback Feedback Correction Correction Government infrastructure Government infrastructure Laws Laws Business activity focus Business activity focus Layering systems Layering systems New technical capacity New technical capacity Encryption Encryption Web enablement Web enablement Interoperability Interoperability Location enablement Location enablement Spatial identification Spatial identification iLand Access MarketServices Policy Information TechnicalTools Evaluation&Monitoring Rights,Restrictions&Responsibilities iLand Enabling Environment VISION

17 Expert Group Meeting 2005 Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructures and Land Administration Department of Geomatics, The University of Melbourne Thank you


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