Presentation on theme: "Note Page 20 “Immediate Causes of the Civil War” US History."— Presentation transcript:
Note Page 20 “Immediate Causes of the Civil War” US History
Uncle Tom’s Cabin -Harriet Beecher Stowe -depicted evil side of slavery to the public “Uncle Tom” “Simon Legree” -1852, sold over a million copies - Stereo type, evil master - Kind, powerless Lincoln was once claimed to have said, “She was a little woman who started a big war….”
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854--popular sovereignty passed as law in 1850 compromise to determine slavery Rush to populate state with “voters” for each side ”Bleeding Kansas” slavery and abolitionist forces resort to violence A fight in the U.S. Senate Preston Brooks v.Charles Sumner
Dred Scott v. Sanford Scott is a slave He is taken into free states Sues for freedom based on NW Ordinance and Missouri Compromise Supreme Court (majority of southern justices) rules: - Blacks are not citizens - Can’t ban slavery - Missouri Comp. is illegal
John Brown’s Raid -John Brown was an extreme abolitionist -captured Harper’s Ferry military installation in Virginia with intent to arm slaves -surrounded and forced to surrender -Brown found guilty at trial and then hanged--becomes a martyr for many abolitionists -Many Southerners thought Brown represented northerners who wanted to control the southern lifestyle and economy
Development of Republican Party -Slavery had come to dominate the differences in the parties o By 1850 the differences had peaked so that anti-slavery Whigs, Democrats, and Free- Soilers formed a new anti- slavery party o Official party policy was to oppose the growth of slavery where it did not exist.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates Senate race in 1858 Stephen Douglas (Dem), Abraham Lincoln (Rep.) Debate over slavery issues neither man wanted slavery in the area, but how to do it? Douglas issues Freeport Doctrine -Slavery needs certain laws in order to exist. Don’t pass those laws and there will be no slavery Douglas wins the election, Lincoln gains national fame
Southern Secession -1860 election -slavery divided the parties -Lincoln pledges to stop spread of slavery but not to interfere with the south -Douglas got support of Northern Democrats -John Breckinridge got southern Democrats -John Bell nominated by Constitutional Union Party
Lincoln’s Election -Lincoln wins election with no southern electoral votes -Southern states secede in fear of gov’t where they have no voice -S.C. first to secede, 6 others follow - Confederate States of America formed before Lincoln takes office -Jefferson Davis elected Confederate President
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