Presentation on theme: "UNIT 10: Road to the Civil War"— Presentation transcript:
1UNIT 10: Road to the Civil War America expands from Sea to shining SeaSoutherners want SLAVERY to be allowed everywhere;Northerners want slavery to stay in the SouthThe Big Question:Will the new land be open to SLAVERY?
2SLAVERY IN THE NEW TERRITORIES Most POPULAR SOLUTION:Popular Sovereignty: Letting states choose for themselves whether or not they will be SLAVE or FREE
3NORTH v. SOUTH: 15 Free States = 15 Slave States California ready for statehood: 49er’s are free white men.South wants a Fugitive Slave Law to make sure runaway slaves are returned to the SOUTH
4Henry Clay: Compromise of 1850= Northern Advantage CALIFORNIA = FREE STATEPopular Sovereignty InUtah and New MexicoSouth gets a FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW
5SLAVERY WAS DISAPPEARING ABOLITIONISM WAS GROWING IN THE NORTHABOLITIONISM WAS GROWING
6Meanwhile Southern states become more dependent on slaves Slaves created the enormous wealth that made the South prosper
7KING COTTON: Cotton production boomed and dominated the farming of the South. Slavery was a closely defended PECULIAR INSTITUTION
8Uncle Tom’s CabinHarriett Beecher Stowe writes a book about the cruelties of slaveryThe Book is wildly popular (over 2 million copies sold)Southerner believe the NORTH IS OUT TO GET THEM!
10SOUTHERNERS LOVE THE KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT! WHY? RESULT: BLEEDING KANSAS Kansas and Nebraska open to Popular Sovereignty (potential slave statesRepeals the Missouri Compromise (no slaves north of 36 30’)Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854RESULT: BLEEDING KANSASWAR between pro-slaveryand anti-slavery settlers
11“Bleeding Kansas” KANSAS ERUPTS INTO A MINI-CIVIL WAR PRO-SLAVERY settlers try to populate the state and make it a slave stateABOLITIONIST settlers try to stop themFIGHTING goes on for years at both sides refuse to surrender
12Violence in the Senate Congr. Preston Brooks (D-SC) Sen. Charles Sumner (R-MA)South Carolina Congressman beat Senator Charles Sumner in theSenate chamber with a cane after Sumner insulted Southerners
13Dred Scott v. Sanford, 1857 -SLAVE THAT LIVED IN FREE TERRITORY -SUED TO BE FREE-SUPREME COURT REJECTS HIS CASE1. HE IS NOT A CITIZENAND CANNOT SUE2. SLAVES ARE PROPERTYAND CAN BE TAKENANYWHERE
14John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry, 1859 Brown a radical abolitionistHe plans to rob the arsenal at Harpers Ferry to start a slave revolutionHe FAILS and is hangedSoutherners believe NORTHERNERS support BROWN!
161860 Presidential Election Abraham Lincoln RepublicanJohn Bell Constitutional UnionJohn C. Breckinridge Southern DemocratStephen A. Douglas Northern Democrat
17Republican Party Platform in 1860 Abraham Lincoln is the CANDIDATEHe is NOT AN ABOLITIONISTHE DOES NOT WANT SLAVERY IN THE NEW TERRITORIESABRAHAM LINCOLN PROMISES THE SOUTH HE WILL NOT TOUCH SLAVERY WHERE IT ALREADY EXISTS
18WHENEVER ONE POLITICAL PARTY SPLITS IT IS EASIER FOR THE OTHER TO WIN ELECTION OF 1860ABRAHAM LINCOLN: REPUBLICANDEMOCRATIC PART SPLIT!!Northern DemocratsSouthern DemocratsWHENEVER ONE POLITICAL PARTY SPLITS IT IS EASIER FOR THE OTHER TO WIN