Presentation on theme: "UNIT 10: Road to the Civil War"— Presentation transcript:
1 UNIT 10: Road to the Civil War America expands from Sea to shining SeaSoutherners want SLAVERY to be allowed everywhere;Northerners want slavery to stay in the SouthThe Big Question:Will the new land be open to SLAVERY?
2 SLAVERY IN THE NEW TERRITORIES Most POPULAR SOLUTION:Popular Sovereignty: Letting states choose for themselves whether or not they will be SLAVE or FREE
3 NORTH v. SOUTH: 15 Free States = 15 Slave States California ready for statehood: 49er’s are free white men.South wants a Fugitive Slave Law to make sure runaway slaves are returned to the SOUTH
4 Henry Clay: Compromise of 1850= Northern Advantage CALIFORNIA = FREE STATEPopular Sovereignty InUtah and New MexicoSouth gets a FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW
5 SLAVERY WAS DISAPPEARING ABOLITIONISM WAS GROWING IN THE NORTHABOLITIONISM WAS GROWING
6 Meanwhile Southern states become more dependent on slaves Slaves created the enormous wealth that made the South prosper
7 KING COTTON: Cotton production boomed and dominated the farming of the South. Slavery was a closely defended PECULIAR INSTITUTION
8 Uncle Tom’s CabinHarriett Beecher Stowe writes a book about the cruelties of slaveryThe Book is wildly popular (over 2 million copies sold)Southerner believe the NORTH IS OUT TO GET THEM!
10 SOUTHERNERS LOVE THE KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT! WHY? RESULT: BLEEDING KANSAS Kansas and Nebraska open to Popular Sovereignty (potential slave statesRepeals the Missouri Compromise (no slaves north of 36 30’)Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854RESULT: BLEEDING KANSASWAR between pro-slaveryand anti-slavery settlers
11 “Bleeding Kansas” KANSAS ERUPTS INTO A MINI-CIVIL WAR PRO-SLAVERY settlers try to populate the state and make it a slave stateABOLITIONIST settlers try to stop themFIGHTING goes on for years at both sides refuse to surrender
12 Violence in the Senate Congr. Preston Brooks (D-SC) Sen. Charles Sumner (R-MA)South Carolina Congressman beat Senator Charles Sumner in theSenate chamber with a cane after Sumner insulted Southerners
13 Dred Scott v. Sanford, 1857 -SLAVE THAT LIVED IN FREE TERRITORY -SUED TO BE FREE-SUPREME COURT REJECTS HIS CASE1. HE IS NOT A CITIZENAND CANNOT SUE2. SLAVES ARE PROPERTYAND CAN BE TAKENANYWHERE
14 John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry, 1859 Brown a radical abolitionistHe plans to rob the arsenal at Harpers Ferry to start a slave revolutionHe FAILS and is hangedSoutherners believe NORTHERNERS support BROWN!
16 1860 Presidential Election Abraham Lincoln RepublicanJohn Bell Constitutional UnionJohn C. Breckinridge Southern DemocratStephen A. Douglas Northern Democrat
17 Republican Party Platform in 1860 Abraham Lincoln is the CANDIDATEHe is NOT AN ABOLITIONISTHE DOES NOT WANT SLAVERY IN THE NEW TERRITORIESABRAHAM LINCOLN PROMISES THE SOUTH HE WILL NOT TOUCH SLAVERY WHERE IT ALREADY EXISTS
18 WHENEVER ONE POLITICAL PARTY SPLITS IT IS EASIER FOR THE OTHER TO WIN ELECTION OF 1860ABRAHAM LINCOLN: REPUBLICANDEMOCRATIC PART SPLIT!!Northern DemocratsSouthern DemocratsWHENEVER ONE POLITICAL PARTY SPLITS IT IS EASIER FOR THE OTHER TO WIN
20 LINCOLN WINS November 1860 Lincoln wins with less than 50% of the vote He does not get inaugurated until March of 1861Southern States vowed to leave the Union if Lincoln were electedThey do!!!!!!!!!
21 Lincoln’s election (Nov 1860) Causes the Southern states To SECEDE (LEAVE) theUNION