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History of the Modern World Nationalism In 19 th Century Europe: part 1 Germany France Germany France.

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Presentation on theme: "History of the Modern World Nationalism In 19 th Century Europe: part 1 Germany France Germany France."— Presentation transcript:

1 History of the Modern World Nationalism In 19 th Century Europe: part 1 Germany France Germany France

2 Taking Initial Steps Toward Unity When Napoleon’s conquests and eventual defeat changed the power structure of the German states, some Germans began to call for unification. In 1848, liberals demanded German political unity and offered Prussian ruler Frederick William IV the throne, which he declined. 1 of 5 Witness History Audio: Blood and Iron (#4) Note Taking Transparency 138 Objectives: 1.Identify several events that promoted German unity during the early 1800s. 2.Explain how Bismarck unified Germany. 3.Analyze the basic political organization of the new German empire. Nationalism Triumphs in Europe Section 1: Building a German Nation, pp. 692-695

3 Birth of the German Empire William I of Prussia became Kaiser and declared the birth of the Second Reich. 2 of 5 Section 1: Building a German Nation Color Transparency 131: Event Leading to German Unification Geography Interactive: Unification of Germany, 1865-1871 QuickTake Section Quiz Progress Monitoring Transparency Bismarck Unites Germany When Otto von Bismarck became chancellor, he united the German states under Prussian rule. He built up the Prussian army and aggressively won provinces from Denmark and north German states under the control of Austria. Then Prussia defeated Napoleon III’s forces in the Franco- Prussian War of 1870.

4 Note Taking Transparency 138 3 of 5

5 Color Transparency 131: Events Leading to German Unification 4 of 5

6 Progress Monitoring Transparency 5 of 5

7 Germany Becomes and Industrial Giant Unified Germany’s natural resources and educated workforce led to fast industrial development. The coordination of railroads and reorganization of the banking system improved the economy. Scientists developed new products for industrial uses. 1 of 5 Nationalism Triumphs in Europe Section 2: Germany Strengthens, pp 696-699 Witness History Audio: The New German Empire (#4) Note Taking Transparency 139 Objectives: 1.Describe how Germany became an industrial giant. 2.Explain how Bismarck was called the Iron Chancellor. 3.List the policies of Kaiser William II.

8 Kaiser William II In a bid for absolute power, the new Kaiser, William II, asked Bismarck to resign. His nationalism and military buildup increased the tensions that led to World War I. Section 2: Germany Strengthens Color Transparency 132: The Proclamation of Wilhem as Kaiser of the New German Reich Witness History Audio: Kaiser William II (#4) QuickTake Section Quiz Progress Monitoring Transparency The Iron Chancellor German chancellor Otto von Bismarck tried to stifle opposition from within Germany. He wanted Catholics to put the state above the Church and had laws passed that allowed the state control over Catholic education and expelled the Jesuits from Prussia, among other things. To keep socialists at bay, he banned their newspapers and meetings. In the end, both groups rallied enough support to cause Bismarck to change his ways.

9 Note Taking Transparency 139

10 Color Transparency 132: The Proclamation of Wilhelm as Kaiser of the New German Reich

11 Progress Monitoring Transparency

12 France Under Napoleon III Napoleon III eventually extended some democratic rights to French citizens, but many of them lived in poverty, which was exacerbated by the Franco-Prussian War and the siege of Paris. 1 of 7 Growth of Western Democracies Section 3: Division and Democracy in France, pp 733-738 Witness History Audio: Vive la France! (#4) Color Transparency 139: 19th Century Paris After Urban Renewal Objectives: 1.List the domestic and foreign policies of Napoleon III. 2.Analyze the impact of the Dreyfus affair and other challenges to the Third Republic. 3.Describe the French government’s steps toward reform in the early 1900s.

13 Anti-Semitism and the Dreyfus Affair The rise of anti-Semitism in Europe was evidenced in the Dreyfus affair in which a Jewish army officer was accused of spying for Germany. The Dreyfus case and Russian pogroms led to the establishment of the modern Zionist movement. Section 3: Division and Democracy in France Challenges of the Third Republic Civil war erupted in 1871 as a result of the conditions that ended the Franco-Prussian War. The Third Republic emerged with a two-house legislature that gave power to a premier. A multitude of parties led to a coalition government that was unstable. Note Taking Transparency 158

14 Looking Ahead The French were eager to avenge their losses in the Franco-Prussian War and their chance would come with the start of World War I. 3 of 7 Section 3: Division and Democracy in France QuickTake Section Quiz Progress Monitoring Transparency Reforms in France The Dreyfus Affair led to a campaign to reduce the power of the Roman Catholic Church, which had supported the condemnation of Dreyfus, and led also to a lack of support for women’s suffrage, for fear that women would vote for Church causes.

15 France: Division and Democracy Taking into consideration the objectives and the terms of the this section (pp 733) answer the following: 1.What were the domestic policies of the Second Empire? What were the foreign policies of the Second Empire? 2.What kind of government did France have under Napoleon III and how did it come to an end? What kind of government followed and what reforms did it undertake? 3.How did the Franco-Prussian War increase internal divisions in France? What is the evidence? 4.What did the Dreyfus Affair reveal about internal divisions in France? What is the evidence? 5. Explain in the context of the 19 th century: anti-Semitism, Zionism and by extension, the consequences of these movements.

16 Note Taking Transparency 158

17 Progress Monitoring Transparency

18 Color Transparency 139: 19 th Century Paris After Urban Renewal

19 Color Transparency 140: Barricade at the Rue de Flandre During the Paris Commune

20 A France Humilitated and Divided B

21 How did the Paris Commune and the Dreyfus Affair heighten divisions in France?

22 Identify briefly 5 of the following: 1871 1848 Zionism Napoleon III’s Domestic Policies Libel Dreyfus Affair

23 How did the Paris Commune and the Dreyfus Affair heighten divisions in France?

24 Assignment 1 Unifying Italy 1.Read text, pp. 700-704 2.Identify the 4 blue-bold terms and answer the 3 Checkpoint questions. 3.Complete the Infographic activity, pp 703. 4.Knowledge Check: Italy

25 Assignment 2 Nationalism Threatens Old Empires The Habsburgs and the Ottomans 1.Read text, pp. 705-708. 2.Identify the 3 bold-blue terms and answer 3 Checkpoint questions. 3.Read the map skills activity, pp. 707 and complete your personal map (photocopy) 4.Knowledge Check: Habsburg,etc.

26 Assignment 3 Division and Democracy in France 1.Read text, pp. 733-738. 2.Identify bold-blue terms and answer 4 Checkpoint questions. 3.Read and review carefully slides 12-16 4.Knowledge Check: France

27 Assignment 4 Reform and Reaction In Russia 1.Read text, pp. 710-715 2.Identify 3 bold-blue terms and answer 4 Checkpoint questions 3.Complete Infographic activity, pp 712-713 4.Knowledge Check: Russia

28 Assignment 5 Group Project: due Monday, Nov. 28 No Homework Next Week & over Thanksgiving Vacation Be Kind to Yourself (and Your Family) Set Personal and Group Deadlines; complete your work by Tues. 11/18 Note: Unit Test: Nationalism – Monday, Dec. 5

29 In-Class Activity November 21-22 Screening of film: Prisoner of Honor For more details about this case’s significance, go to…


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