Presentation on theme: "Wuthering Heights/Heart of Darkness. Wuthering Heights Written by Emily Bronte; published in 1847 Gothic Novel - designed to both horrify and fascinate."— Presentation transcript:
Wuthering Heights/Heart of Darkness
Wuthering Heights Written by Emily Bronte; published in 1847 Gothic Novel - designed to both horrify and fascinate readers with scenes of passion and cruelty; supernatural elements; and a dark, foreboding atmosphere Novel straddles the Victorian and Romantic eras Frame novel with multiple narrators
WH characters Lockwood – first narrator, visitor to Grange Nelly – second narrator, servant to Catherine Heathcliff – tragic hero Elder Catherine – loved Heathcliff and Moors (Romantic), but married Linton for society (Victorian) Younger Catherine – Cat’s daughter; ends up with Hareton Linton – married Catherine, but couldn’t understand her or her emotional needs Hareton – Hindley’s son; adopted but mistreated by Heathcliff Hindley – brother to Catherine; alcoholic; jealous of Heathcliff – possibly murdered by Heathcliff
WH Motifs and Symbols Clash of nature and culture Dogs Doubles/Foils
WH Symbols Heights and the Grange (the houses themselves are symbols The Moors – desolate, but freeing /Romanticism Ghosts – reminders of past/past regrets
WH Themes Society and class structure Nature vs. Culture (Romanticism vs Victorianism) Love and Passion
WH Plot MAJOR CONFLICTS · Heathcliff’s great natural abilities, strength of character, and love for Catherine Earnshaw all enable him to raise himself from humble beginnings to the status of a wealthy gentleman, but his need to revenge himself for Hindley’s abuse and Catherine’s betrayal leads him into a twisted life of cruelty and hatred; Catherine is torn between her love for Heathcliff and her desire to be a gentlewoman, and her decision to marry the genteel Edgar Linton drags almost all of the novel’s characters into conflict with Heathcliff. RISING ACTION · Heathcliff’s arrival at Wuthering Heights, Hindley’s abusive treatment of Heathcliff, and Catherine’s first visit to Thrushcross Grange set the major conflicts in motion; once Heathcliff hears Catherine say it would “degrade” her to marry him, the conversation between Nelly and Catherine, which he secretly overhears, drives him to run away and pursue his vengeance. CLIMAX · Catherine’s death is the culmination of the conflict between herself and Heathcliff and removes any possibility that their conflict could be resolved positively; after Catherine’s death, Heathcliff merely extends and deepens his drives toward revenge and cruelty. FALLING ACTION · Heathcliff destroys Isabella and drives her away, takes possession of young Linton, forces Catherine and Linton to marry, inherits Thrushcross Grange, then loses interest in the whole project and dies; Hareton and young Catherine are to be engaged to be married, promising an end to the cycle of revenge.
WH Quotes "Tell her what Heathcliff is: an unreclaimed creature, without refinement, without cultivation; an arid wilderness of furze and whinstone." (10.98) I was frightened, and Mrs. Earnshaw was ready to fling it out of doors: she did fly up, asking how he could fashion to bring that gipsy brat into the house, when they had their own bairns to feed and fend for? (4.46)
WH Quotes It would degrade me to marry Heathcliff now; so he shall never know how I love him; and that, not because he’s handsome, Nelly, but because he’s more myself than I am. Whatever our souls are made of, his and mine are the same, and [Edgar’s] is as different as a moonbeam from lightning, or frost from fire. “Let me in!” I cannot live without my soul!
Heart of Darkness Written by Joseph Conrad; published in 1902 Frame Narrative Novella (short novel) Characters Marlow – a narrator, tragic hero Kurtz – archetypal evil; quintessence of imperialism
Poisonwood Bible - Patrick Color Purple - Tyler Bluest Eye - Casey Invisible Man - Bailie Great Expectations – Heather Catch-22 - Danet Their Eyes Were Watching God - Kayla Gatsby - Katherine Pride and Prejudice - Amber Jane Eyre - Erika The Awakening – Josh Tale of Two Cities - Tia
HOD Motifs Darkness (very seldom opposed by light) Interiors vs. surfaces (kernel/shell, coast/inland, station/forest, etc.)
HOD Symbols Rivers (journey of life/psychological journeys of growth) Fog (insanity/lack of clarity/lack of understanding) Kurtz – what happens to white man who tries to take over Africa -
HOD Themes The hypocrisy of imperialism, madness as a result of imperialism The absurdity of evil
HOD Quotes "The dreams of men, the seed of commonwealth, the germs of empires." “The horror, the horror!” "The conquest of the earth, which mostly means the taking it away from those who have a different complexion or slightly flatter noses than ourselves, is not a pretty thing when you look into it too much.“ "I tried to break the spell--the heavy, mute spell of the wilderness--that seemed to draw him to its pitiless breast by the awakening of forgotten and brutal instincts,