Emily Brontë Came from a creative family. Had an unfortunate family life. Almost everything we know about Bronte comes from the writings of others. Wuthering Heights wasn’t well received at first, but is now considered a literary classic. A portrait made by her brother.
Wuthering Heights First published in 1847 under the pseudonym Ellis Bell. Violence, passion, the supernatural, heightened emotion and emotional distance, an unusual mix for any novel but particularly at this time. A prime example of literature from a woman's point of view during this time period. Elements of Romanticism, Gothic Romanticism, and Victorian Literature.
Setting The story begins in 1801, then flashes back to the 1770's and eventually returns to the early 1800's. The locale is the Yorkshire moors in northern England. A moor is tract of mostly treeless wasteland where heather thrives and water saturates the earth. The action takes place at two estates, Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange, about four miles apart. When the story begins, Mr. Lockwood—a visitor to the moors—establishes the remoteness and isolation of the setting.
Frame Narrative A narrative technique whereby an introductory main story is composed, at least in part, for the purpose of setting the stage for a fictive narrative or organizing a set of shorter stories, each of which is a story within a story. Leads readers from the first story into the smaller one within it. Bronte uses this literary device to tell the story of Heathcliff and Catherine, along with the subplots. Examples: Forrest Gump, Slumdog Millionaire
Narration First Person Mr. Lockwood – A guest at Wuthering Heights. The story begins with Lockwood narrating. Nelly Dean – The housekeeper. She has lived with the novel’s two main families for two generations. These two narrators facilitate the frame narrative. Lockwood – present time Nelly – flash backs
Vocabulary You may not be familiar with some of the vocabulary in the book. Use context clues and a dictionary.
Characters Can be confusing! The characters all have similar names. The frame narrative also makes keeping everyone straight a little confusing. Use your character chart and make your own notes to help keep everyone straight.
Themes Social Class Feminism Revenge And many more! (love and passion, fate, the supernatural, the setting of the moors)
Literary Tools Alliteration Hyperbole Metaphor Onomatopoeia Paradox Personification Simile Imagery – supports the atmosphere of the novel and the moods of the characters. Wuthering Heights Nature Gothic Atmosphere
Tomorrow Make sure you bring Wuthering Heights!