Presentation on theme: "على الرغم من أن هذا قد يكون صحيحا"— Presentation transcript:
1 على الرغم من أن هذا قد يكون صحيحا Transitions words and phrases of opposition/limitation/contradictionUseExample(s)although this may be trueعلى الرغم من أن هذا قد يكون صحيحاI do not believe this although this may be true.in contrast في المقابلThe company lost $7 million this quarter in contrast to a profit of $6 million a year earlier.In contrast to his predecessor, the new President has little interest in foreign travel.different from مختلفة منIt's definitely different from the last couple of pictures.of course ... butبالطبع ... لكنThis may of course be true but I do not believe it.
2 Transitions words and phrases of opposition/limitation/contradiction UseExample(s)on the other hand من ناحية أخرىto introduce a fact or opinion that contrasts with the fact or opinion before itOn the one hand, expansion would be good, but on the other hand it would be sad to lose the family atmosphere.On the one hand they would love to have kids, but on the other hand, they do not want to give up their freedom.It’s a nice place to visit. On the other hand, it’s rather expensive.on the contrary على العكس تماماThe risk of infection has not diminished – on the contrary, it has decreased.“It must have been terrible.” “On the contrary I enjoyed every minute.”at the same time في نفس الوقتI was watching TV last night and at the same time I was listening to what my brother was saying.
3 Transitions words and phrases of opposition/limitation/contradiction UseExample(s)in spite of على الرغم منIn spite of / despiteat the beginning of the sentence or between two clausesIn spite of / despite + -ingwhen the subject of both clauses is the sameIn spite of/ despite the fact that+ subject + verbif the clauses of the sentence have different subjectsIn spite of / Despite her qualifications, she can’t find a job.In spite of the cold weather, they enjoyed themselves.In spite of the fact that they live near me, I don’t see them very often.NOT In spite of / Despite living near me, I don’t often see them.
4 Transitions words and phrases of opposition/limitation/contradiction UseExample(s)above all قبل كل شيءAbove all, keep in touch.In their society, honesty was prized above all other virtues.then again بعد كل هذاI suppose Mary might help; then again she might not.in reality في الواقعIn reality, human beings and dinosaurs never lived on earth at thesame time.Reports put the death toll at 50, when in reality it was closer to 200.But لكنShe is 83 but she still goes swimming every day.We are making good progress, but we have still got a long way to go.His mother will not be there, but his father might.after allبعد كل شيءShe should not be working so hard – she is 70, after all.Maybe she was right after all.I am not really ambitious. After all, money is not everything.
5 Transitions words and phrases of opposition/limitation/contradiction UseExample(s)Even so/ neverthelessوحتى مع ذلكin a second sentence, at the beginning or end, with the meaning’ although that is true’ or ‘ in spite of that’For emphasizing that the first statement is true but it does not prevent the second statement from also being true.I know he has some bad habits. Nevertheless you shouldn’t be so rude to him.I know he has some bad habits. You shouldn’t be so rude to him, even so.I am not able to go to the beach with you. Nevertheless, thanks for asking me.
6 Transitions words and phrases of opposition/limitation/contradiction UseExample(s)Unlike على عكسThe festival has been a great success, unlike last year when it rained non-stop.Or أوYou can have soup, salad or sandwiches.She has not phoned or written for weeks.In the event of loss of money or traveller’s cheques, you must notify the police within 24 hours,and yetومع ذلكHe did not study hard and yet passed the final exam.The weather was cold and yet it was bright and sunny.Her advice seems strange and yet I believe she is right.even so وحتى مع ذلكCashes are rare, but, even so, there should be stricter safety regulations
7 Transitions words and phrases of opposition/limitation/contradiction UseExample(s)While في حينWhileto compare and contrast factsbefore a statement that is true but it is not as important as the statement that follows itMy brother is good at sciences while I’m good at languages.While I understand your problem, there is nothing I can do to help you.While most children learn to read easily, some need extra help.While Tom is very good at science, his brother is absolutely hopeless.Albeit ولوHe finally agreed, albeit reluctantly, to help us.The Unites States finally agreed, albeit unwillingly, to support the UN action.
8 Transitions words and phrases of opposition/limitation/contradiction UseExample(s)Besides بالإضافة إلى= apart from/ as well as/ in addition to (this/ that)Besides + -ingwhen both verbs have the same subjectBesides + noun/ pronounShe spends a lot of time working but she does a lot of other things besides.Besides eating too much, he also gets far too little exercise.He has lots of other interests besides football.A lot of them are studying other things besides Italian.There are cakes and sandwiches, and lots more besides.
9 Transitions words and phrases of opposition/limitation/contradiction UseExample(s)Although رغم أنAlthough/though/even thoughAt the beginning of a sentence or between two clauses.All have a similar meaning: though is more formal at the beginning of a sentence, but a little more informal when used between two clause, even though is more emphatic.Although/ Though/ Even though her job is hard, her salary is low.Her salary is low, although/ though/ even though her job is hard.Although Steven was extremely tired, he washed the dishes. Although he has got a good job, he still complains.I felt he was wrong although I did not say so.Although small, the kitchen is well designed.
10 Transitions words and phrases of opposition/limitation/contradiction UseExample(s)Instead بدلا منHe has been playing football all afternoon instead of studying.Can you go to the meeting instead of me?She said nothing, preferring instead to save her comments till ater.Whereas في حينto compare and contrast facts and emphasize the contrast between these facts, in the same way as whileWhereas I like sport, my friends hate it.I like sport, whereas my friends hate it.Some of the studies show positive results, whereas others do not.We thought she was arrogant, whereas in fact she was just very shy.
11 Transitions words and phrases of opposition/limitation/contradiction UseExample(s)Despite على الرغم منHer voice was shaking despite all her efforts to control it.Despite applying for hundreds of jobs, he is still out of work.She was good at physics despite the fact that she found it boring.Conversely العكس بالعكسSome wrong answers were marked right and, conversely, some right answers had been rejected.When the press was biased towards the political right, television coverage tended to lean to the left. Conversely, if the press swung heavily to the left, television would have to redress the balance by leaning to the right.Otherwise وإلا= if not, when talking about will/ would happen if another thing mentioned does not/ did not happenIf I see her today I’ll tell her. Otherwise, I’ll call her later.I was ill. I would have gone to the party otherwise.My parents lent me the money. Otherwise, l could not have afforded the trip.
12 Transitions words and phrases of opposition/limitation/contradiction UseExample(s)Else= different; moreUse in the following structures: something else, nothing else, etc.In questions and statementsOr (else)to introduce an alternativewith else emphasizes that there will be a bad result if the first thing mentioned doesn’t happenJack didn’t know so I asked somebody else.There’s nowhere else to look.What else did he say?I didn’t know where else to go.Are you going to phone me or shall I phone you?I’d better leave now or (else) I’ll be late.
13 Transitions words and phrases of opposition/limitation/contradiction UseExample(s)However لكنHoweverat the beginning of a second sentence.However/ thoughat the end of a sentence , or between two clauses of a second sentenceHer job is hard. However, her salary is low.Her job is hard. Her salary is low though/ however.Her job is hard. Her salary is low, though/ however, so she’s leaving.Rather بالأحرىHis purpose was not so much to attack his rivals. Rather, it was to defend his own position.The walls were not white, but rather a sort of dirty grey.
14 Transitions words and phrases of opposition/limitation/contradiction UseExample(s)Regardless بغض النظرThe weather was terrible but we carried on regardless.There must be equality of rights for all citizens, regardless of nationality.He went ahead and did it, regardless of the consequences.Regardless of how many there may be, why would you cancel the best of them.Nevertheless مع ذلكIt is a difficult race. Nevertheless, about 1,000 runners participate each year.The old system had its flaws, but nevertheless it was preferable to the new one.Notwithstandingعلى الرغم منNotwithstanding some major financial problems, the school has had a successful year.The bad weather notwithstanding, the event was a great success.