2CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST HoweverNeverthelessOn the one hand / on the other handIn spite of / despiteAlthough /even thoughBut
3CONNECTORS OF CONTRAST Some connectors have got similar meanings but:are followed by different structures.Take different places in the sentence.
4subject + verb (A clause) ALTHOUGH/ EVEN THOUGH Even though and although are followed by a clause.although/ even thoughsubjectverbsubject + verb (A clause)AlthoughIam poor,I am happy.theyplayed well,they lost.Even thoughshewas tired,she went out.heeats a lot,he is thin.
5subject + verb (A clause) subject + verb (A clause) In spite of and despite Despite and in spite of are followed by a noun phrase or a gerund.despite/ in spite ofthe fact (that)subjectverbsubject + verb (A clause)Despitethe fact thatIam poor,I am happy.the facttheyplayed well,they lost.In spite ofshewas tired,she went out.heeats a lot,he is thin.despite/ in spite of-ing formsubject + verb (A clause)Despitebeing poorI am happy.playing wellthey lost.In spite ofbeing tiredshe went out.eating a lothe is thin.
6This form is less common but possible: despite/ in spite ofNounsubject + verbDespitemy povertyI am happy.their good play,they lost.In spite ofher tirednessshe went out.his great appetite,he is thin.
7Connectors are usually written in specific places in a sentence: At the beginning of a sentence:however, nevertheless, on the one hand, on the other hand.Either at the beginning or in the middle:despite, in spite of, although, even though.Only in the middle of a sentence:but
8Let´s practice… ______ he´s only 12, David is taller than his mother. AlthoughIn spite ofWe went out _____ the rain.DespiteEven though_______ its financial problems, the company is successful.
9He still loves her _____ everything. AlthoughIn spite ofI won´t go to the party _____ I was invited.Even thoughDespite________ her illness, James went to school.________ he´s 86, he has an excellent heath.
10You can copy down my answers ______ I´m not sure they´re right. AlthoughIn spite ofBuses are still running, ______ the snow.Even thoughDespiteI like my apartment a lot _________ it is quite small.
11Let´s practice… __________ she is beautiful, everybody hates her. The children slept deeply __________ the noise.__________ earning a low salary, Sara helped her parents.Jane rarely sees Alan __________, they are neighbors.Kate didn´t do well in the exam ___________ working very hard.Althoughin spite ofIn spite ofalthoughin spite of__________ I was very hungry, I couldn´t eat._____________ the difficulty, they managed to solve the problem.Liza never talked to him __________ she loved him.___________ it was cold, Marie didn´t put on her coat.AlthoughIn spite ofalthoughAlthough