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Three Main Greek Architectural Column Designs  Greek architecture is comprised of three main column designs: doric, ionic, and corinthian  As you can.

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Presentation on theme: "Three Main Greek Architectural Column Designs  Greek architecture is comprised of three main column designs: doric, ionic, and corinthian  As you can."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Three Main Greek Architectural Column Designs  Greek architecture is comprised of three main column designs: doric, ionic, and corinthian  As you can tell from many Greek structures, Greeks used columns in a lot of their structures  Each design is unique in it’s own way  In modern day, these column designs are still used

3 Doric Columns  Of the the three Greek columns, Doric are the simplest  The column has a top made of a circle and topped by a square  The tall part of the column is plain and has twenty sides  Doric columns have no sides

4 Ionic Columns  Ionic columns are taller than Doric columns  Ionic columns also had flutes, flutes are lines carved into the columns from top to bottom  The bases of Ionic columns are large and looks like set of stacked rings  Ionic columns have scroll shaped carvings at the top and are more decorative than Doric columns

5 Corinthian Columns  Corinthian columns are the most decorative  The top of the columns are carved into flowers and leave below a small scroll  The base of Corinthian columns are the same as Ionic columns

6 Examples of Doric Columns  One major example of Doric columns on a Greek structure is of the Parthenon in Greece  The Parthenon is one of the most famous buildings on Earth  The Hephaisteion, in Athens, is another good example of Doric columns

7 Examples of Ionic Columns  An example of Ionic columns would be the Temple of Athena in Athens  The Temple of Athena is one of the most famous Ionic buildings ever  Many modern day buildings also use Ionic columns

8 Examples of Corinthian Columns  A good example of a building with Corinthian columns is the Temple of the Sybil in Rome  Romans used Corinthian Columns like the Greeks did

9 Origin of Doric Columns  Doric columns originated within Greece and were used by both Greece and Rome  Doric columns were originally made of wood

10 Origin of Ionic Columns  Ionic columns were invented Ionia, the southwestern coastland and islands of Asia Minor, settled by Ionic Greeks  Ionic columns were practiced in the mainland of Greece and were most popular between 750 B.C. and 480 B.C. in Ionia

11 Origin of Corinthian Columns  The name “Corinthian” is derived from the Greek city of Corinth  Although, Corinthian columns first appeared in Athens

12 Greek Construction Methods  Greeks constructed their buildings with specific methods  Greeks would lay their masonry and then cut it exactly how they wanted it  They used a coating composed of marble dust and lime

13 The Valley of Temples  The Valley of Temples consists of seven Greek temples located outside the city of Agrigento, Sicily  The temple of Concordia is the best preserved in the Valley and is one of the largest and best Doric style temples still standing  Some other temples include the Temple of Juno and the Temple of Heracles

14 Temple of Hephaestus  Located to the North of Acropolis, the Temple of Hephaestus is the best preserved Greek temple in the world  The Temple of Hephaestus was dedicated to Hephaestus, the Greek god of metal working  The Temple of Hephaestus was designed by Ictinus, one of the architects who also worked on the Parthenon

15 Paestum Temples  Paestum is an ancient city in southern Italy home to three well-preserved Greek temples  The oldest temple is the Temple of Hera, built around 550 B.C. by Greek colonists  The next temple was built about a century later and was also dedicated to Hera, the goddess of marriage and childbirth  The third temple is the Temple of Athena, which was built in about 500 B.C.


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