Presentation on theme: "What was the impact of Ancient Greece on our culture today? How can the diversity among the various Greek city-states be described?"— Presentation transcript:
What was the impact of Ancient Greece on our culture today? How can the diversity among the various Greek city-states be described?
The Acropolis Built for the local deity Always on the top of a fortified hill Temple Built for housing gods & goddess The Assembly Built in an area large enough to hold the citizens when voting
What was the Acropolis? How was the Acropolis different from the Temple? What was the Assembly?
The Parthenon Built in Athens out of white marble for Athena – goddess of wisdom, war & art Began in 446 BC and finished in 437 BC Temple is enclosed by 46 columns 34 ft. tall Contains 2 rooms – each with 6 columns at their entrance Main room is bordered with 21 more columns & had a golden statue of Athena Smaller room was the treasury – money & city valuables were stored
What was the significance of the Parthenon? How was the Parthenon constructed?
Using the information you just learned, identify and label the various buildings within a Polis. Color each building you labeled a different color so that it can be easily identified. Answer the question below the activity in at least 3 complete sentences. Work on your vocabulary log when you have finished.
3 Main Styles of Greek Architecture Doric, Ionic, Corinthian All different – but had details common to each All 3 styles still used today in modern design
How many styles were there in Greek Architecture? Describe the styles.
Doric The oldest and simplest form Plain-looking columns with no base Simple squares or circles at the top (capitals) Columns are slightly tapered at the top Columns are thicker than the other forms Each column usually contains 20 grooves around it (channels) – they meet at the top
Ionic Thinner more elegant columns than Dorian Capitals are decorated in scroll- like design (volute) Volute directly above “egg & dart” molding (series of half ovals & arrowheads) Columns have a base to separate them from the floor More slender than Doric Have thinner grooves – usually about 24
Compare and contrast the Doric and Ionic forms?
Corinthian Rarely used by Ancient Greeks Very popular during Roman civilization Columns and bases similar to Ionic (slender with more grooves than Dorian) Columns have VERY fancy stonework on the capitals (flowers, leaves, & vines)
How are Corinthian columns different from Dorian and Ionic forms?
Analyze each image of a Greek column. Identify whether its form is Dorian, Ionic or Corinthian. When you have the answer write it on the space provided. At the bottom of the paper answer the following question: How has Ancient Greek architecture influenced our world today? Answer in complete sentences Must be at least 3 sentences