Presentation on theme: "Ancient Greece 1000 BCE – 323 BCE. Greek Visual Art Greek visual art is mainly five forms: architecture, sculpture, painting, pottery and jewelry making."— Presentation transcript:
Ancient Greece 1000 BCE – 323 BCE
Greek Visual Art Greek visual art is mainly five forms: architecture, sculpture, painting, pottery and jewelry making
Architecture The Greeks developed three architectural systems, called orders, each with their own distinctive proportions and detailing. The Greek orders are: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.
Doric The Doric style is rather sturdy and its top (the capital), is plain. This style was used in mainland Greece and the colonies in southern Italy and Sicily.
Doric Order Example: The Parthenon
Parthenon Parthenon – Dedicated to Athena, Greek goddess of wisdom
Parthenon Located on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece
Parthenon construction began in 447 BCE and was completed in 438 BCE
Ionic The Ionic style is thinner and more elegant. Its capital is decorated with a scroll-like design (a volute). This style was found in eastern Greece and the islands.
Ionic Order Example: Temple of Athena Nike located on the Acroplis, Athens, Greece
Temple of Athena Nike Nike means “victory” in Greek Athena was worshipped in this form, as goddess of victory in war and wisdom earliest fully ionic temple on the Acropolis
Temple of Athena Nike Completed in 480 BCE
Corinthian The Corinthian style is seldom used in the Greek world, but often seen on Roman temples. Its capital is very elaborate and decorated with acanthus leaves.
Corinthian Order Example: Temple of Olympian Zeus
Temple of Olympian Zeus a colossal ruined temple in the center of Athens (the Greek Capital) Dedicated to Zeus, king of the Olympian gods
Temple of Olympian Zeus Began construction in 520 BCE and not finished until 132 AD. A series of overthrown leaders and war lead to the project being abandoned over and over again…
Sculpture Classical Art ( BC) was created during a "golden age", from the time Athens rose to prominence and Greek expansion, right up until the death of Alexander the Great. The Classical age could be seen as a turning point in art and produced some of the most exquisite sculptures known today. It was during this age that sculptors had mastered marble and began creating statues that showed joyous freedom of movement and expression, while celebrating mankind as an independent entity (atomo)
Discobolos (The Discus Thrower) by Myron
Freedom of Movement “Anticipation of Action” realistic figures which emanated the illusion of moving through space. three-dimensional snap shots of figures in action…
Zeus of Artemision Bronze
Youth of Marathon Bronze, circa 340 B.C
It was the first time in human history that the human body was studied for its aesthetic values, and was treated as an autonomous universe. The object of art became the human itself
In the Classical period all the Greek statues from this time period showed a lack of expression, whereas, the depiction of 'barbarians' show a dramatic facial expression. This was because the Greeks believed that suppression of the emotions was a noble characteristic of all civilised men, while the public display of human emotion was a sign of barbarism.
Pottery of Ancient Greece is a large part of the archaeological record of Ancient Greece, because there is so much of it: over 100,000 vases recorded. the shards of pots discarded or buried in the first millennium BC are still the best guide we have to the customary life and mind of the ancient Greeks Red- as well as black-figure vases are one of the most important sources of mythology and iconography as well as day to day life of the ancient
Styles of Greek Pottery Black Figure 620 BCE to 480 BCE Red Figure 530 BCE to late 200 BCE
Black Figure Pottery Developed in Corinth, Greece, in contrast to the preceding black-figure style with black figures on a red background.
Red Figure Pottery Developed in Athens, Greece figures depicted in red color on a black background
Greek Pottery Typology
Greek Pottery Process Please follow along with notes…