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Application of liquid protein supplements on intake and digestibility of low quality forages Sandy Johnson NW ASI Update Nov. 7, 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Application of liquid protein supplements on intake and digestibility of low quality forages Sandy Johnson NW ASI Update Nov. 7, 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Application of liquid protein supplements on intake and digestibility of low quality forages Sandy Johnson NW ASI Update Nov. 7, 2012

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3 Nutritive changes in ammoniated or liquid protein treated wheat straw Treatment Dry MatterCPNDFADF Ammoniation Pretreatment Post-treatment Liquid Supplement Pre-treatment Post-treatment Goehring et al., 1990

4 Gas Production, ml/hr TDN Estimate TreatmentIVDMDADFIVDMD Ammoniation Pretreatment30.9 d 9.2 d d Post-treatment41.4 f 12.7 e g Liquid Supplement Pre-treatment33.3 e 9.1 d e Post-treatment35.2 g 10.0 d f d,e,f,g Means with different superscripts differ. P<0.05 Goehring et al., % ↑ 6% ↑

5 ControlNaOH Liquid Suppl Ammoniated Cow Trial ADG, lb.26 b 0 a.10 a.88 c Straw intake, lb19.3 a 17.3 a 17.8 a 23.0 b Sheep metabolism trial DM digestibility,%53.6 a 53.5 a 52.4 a 59.7 a Intake, lb.99 a 1.30 b 1.32 b 1.43 c IVDMD,%50.3 a 54.2 b 49.7 a 57.7 c Faulkner et al., 1981 (yr?) a,b,c, Unlike superscripts in a row differ (P<0.05) using orthogonal contrasts

6 Cow Preference for NaOH or Liquid Supplement treated straw compared to untreated straw Trial 1Trial 2 TreatmentUntrt NaOH UntrtLS Estimated intake, lb IVDMD NDF, % Crude Protein, % Paterson et al., 1980

7 Church and Santos, 1981

8 Hay quality following injection with molasses-urea solution - LSU Study 1 – Bermudagrass hay Study 2 – Johnsongrass- crabgrass hay Item (%DM)ControlInjectedControlInjected CP ADF NDF TDN IVDMD McCormick et al., 2010

9 Hay palatability following injection with molasses-urea solution - LSU Study 1 Hay – Bermudagrass Study 2 Hay – Johnsongrass-crabgrass Item (%DM)ControlInjectedControlInjected Bales tested8866 Bale weight Hay refusals, lb641 a 343 a 700 a 555 b Intake/period586 a 939 b 529 a 717 b Intake/calf/d5.22 a 8.28 b 5.01 a 6.38 b Hay intake, %BW McCormick et al., 2010 a,b, Study 1 means differ P<0.01; Study 2 means tend to differ P<0.10

10 Summary Ammoniation Increase digestibility Increase intake Increase CP treat group of bales LS injection Increase intake Nutrient content function of dilution treat individual bales

11 Ammoniation Project

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13 Gas Production, ml/hr TDN Estimate TreatmentIVDMDADFIVDMD Ammoniation Pretreatment30.9 d 9.2 d d Post-treatment41.4 f 12.7 e g Liquid Supplement Pre-treatment33.3 e 9.1 d e Post-treatment35.2 g 10.0 d f d,e,f,g Means with different superscripts differ. P<0.05 Goehring et al., %

14 Nitrates KPICS

15 Nitrate Concentration in Forages Survey Date Location of forage sampled (City) County/District of forage sampled

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18 Nitrate tests KPICS Sub-samples you were asked to collect correct sub sample procedure 2 teaspoons to ¼ cup type of forage actual nitrate value and associated units (copy analysis sheet)

19 Starting weight and condition EWNW n18 Cow age, yr4.3 ±.64.6 ±.6 Julian calving date57 ± 360 ± 3 Calf weight, lbs.351 ± ± 13 Cow weight, lbs.1023 ± ± 38 Cow body condition3.6 ±.23.9 ±.2

20 Ending weight and condition EWNW P Cow weight, lbs1182 ± ± Cow weight change, lbs137 ± 1093 ± 10 Cow body condition4.7 ± ± Cow body condition change 0.9 ± ± 0.1 Dry matter intake20.4 ± ± 3

21 Body condition change in 2-yr old and mature cows after a 77 day re-feeding period following nutrient restriction

22 Day 0 Day 77

23 Ideas for local demonstrations technology that isn’t being used scales

24 Hay waste – –Feeder type –Access time –Shred vs unrolling –At current cost of hay when does it pay to buy bunks/processing ect.

25 Methods of Feeding Hay Method Amount Wasted Unrolled on the ground a 22% Processed, fed on ground a 16% Processed, fed in bunk a 11% Hay Feeders 7-9 % Ground Hay <5%? a Blasi et al., 1993 Cattlemen’s Day

26 Access time to hay 3 hours6 hours9 hours Free choice Weight change, lbs a Body condition change a Hay disappearance, lbs DM/d a Hay waste, lbs DM/d b Manure production, lbs DM/d b a linear and quadratic effects (P<0.01) b linear effect (P<0.01)


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