Presentation on theme: "Bellringer What was silt and why was it so beneficial to the Egyptian people? (page 63)"— Presentation transcript:
1 BellringerWhat was silt and why was it so beneficial to the Egyptian people? (page 63)
2 BellringerHow long was the Nile River in ancient Egypt? Page 62
3 BellringerWhy was the area around the Nile River good for farming?
4 Chapter 3 Ancient Egypt & Nubia Section 1: The Geography of the Nile
5 The Course of the Nile Nile is the world’s longest river Flows north from its sources in central Africa to the Mediterranean Sea for more than 4,000 milesMore than the distance across the U.S.
6 The Nile Through Ancient Nubia Nile makes two bends, forming an S shapeNorthern tip of the S is the city of Aswan, EgyptLand here is called Nubia
7 Nubian section of the Nile contained six rock-filled rapids called cataracts Rain does not fall in Lower Nubia so people must live close to NileRain does fall in Upper Nubia and people farm in the summer and fall very close to the river
8 The Nile Through Ancient Egypt Ancient Egyptian section of the Nile ran for 700 milesNile spread out to form a fertile, marshy area called Lower EgyptAt the end of the Nile to the north, the river split into several streams that are shaped like a triangle and called the deltaDelta contained very fertile farmland
9 The Gifts of the NileEvery spring, waters come from the highlands and bring rich, fertile soil called siltEach spring, the Nile spills over its banksSilt was very good for farmingEgyptians praised Hapi, the god of the Nile
10 Black Land and Red LandAncient Egyptians called their land Kemet- black land, because of the dark soil left by the Nile’s floodsTiming of the floods and height of the flood water varied from year to yearEgyptians did not have to worry about flash floods and dry years were rare
11 Black Land and Red Land Cont. Red land was vast desert spread out on either side of the riverMost of this land is the Sahara Desert and were not friendly to human life because you could not farm
13 Deserts protected Egypt and Nubia from foreign attacks, unlike the Mesopotamians Egypt was still open to trade through the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea and a path through Central Africa
14 Civilizations Along the Nile Communities appeared in the Nile delta of Lower Egypt around 4000 B.C.People built villages around the fertile river bedsHomes were built of straw or bricks made from a mix of mud and strawFirst Nubian communities emerged around 3800 B.C.Nubians also fished and hunted since farming was difficult
15 The Growth of Trade The Nile was a highway for trade Were able to travel up and down the river easilyMany caravans also traveled through this region.
16 Because of cataracts, people could not travel through Nubia by river Nubians developed trade routes over landNubians became famous traders of the ancient world
17 Section 1 ReviewHow did the Nile River affect the lives of the early Egyptians and Nubians?Annual flooding of the Nile River left fertile land for Egyptians and Nubians to farmHow did trade develop in various places along the Nile?Nile was a natural highway for Egyptian boats to sail to other African and Southwest Asian countries for trading