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Miss Lynch 6 th Grade Social Studies Chapter 4 Lesson 1 in World Book.

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1 Miss Lynch 6 th Grade Social Studies Chapter 4 Lesson 1 in World Book

2  People began farming villages in the Nile river valley in Africa.  The land near the river was so lush and green because of the flooding.  Left deposits of silt rich land

3  The Nile is referred to as “The Gift” since it flooded and created land for farming.  The Nile is the world’s longest river.  It flows from East Africa and empties into the Mediterranean Sea.  The rainy season lasts from May until September and causes the Nile to flood.  The silt, which is a mixture of tiny bits of soil and rock is carried and deposited by the river.

4  Near the Mediterranean, the river branches off forming a delta, a fan-shaped area of land which is very fertile because of the silt left behind.  The Nile Delta region is located in the North of Egypt.  The delta seems to be higher; however, this area is called Lower Egypt.  Upper Egypt is located in the South.  Here the river cuts through cliffs and desert sands.

5  Egyptian farmers always welcomed mud/floods because it contained silt which was rich in minerals needed by plants.  The black soil contrasted sharply with the dry, yellow sand of Egypt’s desert. In many places a farmer could stand with one foot on farmland and the other on sand.  Farmers depended on the right amount of flooding each year.  Too little flooding meant farmers’ crops didn’t grow and too much flooding caused cattle and homes to be destroyed.

6  In October the land began to dry and farmers planted:  Wheat, barley, cucumbers, lettuce, onions, beans, and flax.  The farmers used irrigation to water their crops.  At first farmers built dirt walls around their farmland to hold the Nile floodwaters.  Later, they dug canals to bring water from the Nile directly to their farmland.  They scooped water from the canals and poured it into their fields.

7  By March the crops were ready for harvesting.  In good years, families that had a surplus gathered their goods and carried them off to storehouses.  The harvest time ended in late June because the Nile began to flood.  During the 4- month flood farmers would visit neighboring villages.  The Nile was the main way that people and goods moved from place to place  The 600 mile journey between Upper and Lower Egypt would take over a month to walk. In a reed boat it only took half that time.

8  Early farming communities of ancient Egypt centered around the Nile River.  The Nile River provided:  Fertile soil  Water for irrigation  Means of transportation

9  The Nile is the world’s longest river.  More than 4,000 miles long  Farmers’ understanding of the yearly Nile floods made community life in Egypt possible.  Mineral-rich silt deposits and irrigation technology made farming in ancient Egypt very productive.  People used boats to get from place to place along the Nile.

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