Presentation on theme: "W ORLD W AR I R ESEARCH I NFORMATION. A RCHDUKE F RANZ F ERDINAND June 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand visited Sarajevo. Heir to the Austrian throne. He."— Presentation transcript:
A RCHDUKE F RANZ F ERDINAND June 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand visited Sarajevo. Heir to the Austrian throne. He and his wife, Sophie, drove through the Serbian capital. Gavrilo Princip stepped from the crowd and shot both Ferdinand and Sophie. Assassination touched off a diplomatic crisis On July 28, Austria- Hungary declared war against Serbia. The alliance system pulled one nation after another into the conflict.
T RENCH W ARFARE The two armies dug trenches to protect themselves from bullets and bombs. They then put up mazes of barbed wire around the trenches. The area between the trenches was called "no man's land." Soldiers ate and slept in the trenches. First one side, then the other, would try to break through at some point along the line. It was very difficult for either side to win a battle this way and trench warfare claimed many lives. Soldiers had a 3 week rotation period in the trenches.
On the Home Front During the war, daily life was affected as men were drafted and sent abroad and women had to fill their places in the factories. 24,000 men registered for the draft by the end of 1918. As the male workforce left for battle, mothers and sisters began working in factories to take their positions. Family dynamics began to change; this affected children as they had less time to spend with the family members. World War I altered education in the US through curriculum changes with the use of government pamphlets and required patriotism sessions. The government instituted many programs for and changes to American education. During this war period, there was a strong focus on nationalism and patriotism, which significantly affected education.
S INKING THE L USITANIA The events of May 7, 1915 brought the United States into World War I. The Lusitania was a 32,000 ton passenger vessel traveling from New York harbor to Liverpool. On May 7 th, it was traveling towards Liverpool, carrying 1,257 passengers and 650 crew members.
S INKING THE L USITANIA C ONTINUED Captain Schwieger, the captain of a German submarine called the U-20 came upon the Lusitania while traveling towards Liverpool off the coast of Ireland while surfacing to recharge. Although he had already sunk two liners in 7 days and only had two torpedoes left, he decided to fire on the Lusitania. As he watched through his periscope, it became clear that the Lusitania was going down. As a result, he decided against using his second torpedo.
T REATY OF V ERSAILLES, 1919 War Guilt Clause Germany had to accept blame for starting WWI Reparations Germany forced to pay massive fine for war damages German National Territory Germany lost national territory which was given to Belgium and Denmark and Poland. Germany’s Military Forces Reduced Army restricted to 100,000 men No modern weapons, such as tanks or military air force Germany’s Military Forces Reduced No U-Boats.