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LCMPT/LCGFT Training MOUG 2015 Beth Iseminger (Harvard University) Nancy Lorimer (Stanford University, in absentia) Thomas Pease (Library of Congress)

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Presentation on theme: "LCMPT/LCGFT Training MOUG 2015 Beth Iseminger (Harvard University) Nancy Lorimer (Stanford University, in absentia) Thomas Pease (Library of Congress)"— Presentation transcript:

1 LCMPT/LCGFT Training MOUG 2015 Beth Iseminger (Harvard University) Nancy Lorimer (Stanford University, in absentia) Thomas Pease (Library of Congress) Kevin Kishimoto (University of Chicago) Casey Mullin (Stanford University) Hermine Vermeij (UCLA) Janis Young (Library of Congress)

2 ClassWeb guest access URL: Username: trainer1 Password: library

3 Overview Part I Background (Genre/form in general, status of projects) Overview (The new music vocabularies, faceting, highlights) Part II Best practices (LCMPT and LCGFT) Break! Part III Examples Exercises Part IV Genres and library systems Existing subject headings LCMPT and RDA Procedures for submitting new terms

4 PART I

5 Background and Overview Janis L. Young Policy and Standards Division Library of Congress

6 Examples Score of The Four Seasons Recording of The Four Seasons Book about The Four Seasons

7 Genre or Form? Genre: a category of works that is characterized by a similar plot, theme, setting, situation, or characters – Adventure – Detective and mystery – Western Form: a category of works with a particular format or purpose – Encyclopedia – Poetry – Suite

8 Genres and Forms in LCSH LCSH has always included genres and forms Form headings Constitutions Symphonies Topographic maps Waltzes War films Form subdivisions $v Biography $v Exhibitions $v Fake books $v Maps $v Scores and parts

9 Genres and Forms in LCSH Computer cannot distinguish between form and topical headings – Coding is identical (650 field) – Form headings can often be used as topics – We expect users to distinguish between works of a genre or form and works about it

10 Genres and Forms in LCSH Examples Old time music Proverbs Spanish language—Dictionaries Spanish language—Lexicography Waltzes Waltz —History and criticism

11 LCGFT Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials – Coded in a dedicated MARC field (655) – Allows computers to distinguish between a topic and a genre/form New interfaces are able to provide specialized limits and searches Result sets match the users’ needs

12 LCGFT Projects “Finished” – Moving images – Non-musical sound recordings – Cartography – Law Ongoing – General terms – Music – Literature – Religion – Art

13 Music Genre/Form Project Collaboration between the Library of Congress and MLA’s Bibliographic Control Committee, Form/Genre Task Force – Task Force formed in 2009 – 567 proposals approved on February 13, 2015

14 Mediums of Performance Some LCSH form headings consist of, or include, musical mediums of performance Suites (Bassoon, clarinet, flute, horn, oboe with string orchestra) Operas—Vocal scores with continuo Bassoon, clarinet, trumpet with orchestra Violin and cello music

15 Mediums of Performance LCMPT: Library of Congress Medium of Performance Thesaurus for Music – Collaboration between LC and BCC’s Subject Access Subcommittee – Over 800 terms were approved in February 2014

16 Mediums of Performance LCMPT: Library of Congress Medium of Performance Thesaurus for Music – Coded in 382 field of bibliographic and authority records – Principal goal is access, but may also be used for RDA medium of performance element

17 Demographic Groups Some LCSH form headings include characteristics of the creator or of the intended audience Arabic language—Textbooks for foreign speakers—English Children’s songs Prisoners’ writings Short stories, American

18 Demographic Groups LCDGT: Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms – MARC coding 385 field: audience characteristics 386 field: creator/contributor characteristics – Undertaken by PSD with assistance of the ALA/CaMMS Subject Access Committee – Small pilot vocabulary available in early summer 2015

19 Demographic Groups LCDGT: Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms – To be assigned When the audience is clearly stated When the creator or contributor self-identifies A German textbook for English speakers An American composer

20 FACETED VOCABULARIES

21 Facets Merriam-Webster online dictionary – Facet: def. 2: Any of the definable aspects that make up a subject (as of contemplation) or an object (as of consideration) – Synonyms: angle, aspect, hand, phase, side

22 Facets Simplify discovery – Commercial web sites have been using it for years – Allow users to “drill through” individual facets to limit their searches Individual facets can be searched and also used as search limits

23 Facets Each vocabulary describes a distinct aspect of a work – Coding each aspect separately allows for more flexibility and precision in searching

24 Facets Example: – A collection of short stories about vampires written for teenagers by a French woman Audience: Teenagers Creator: French people; Women Genres/forms: Paranormal fiction; Short stories Subject: Vampires

25 Facets Each vocabulary is faceted – An authorized term represents one aspect – Terms do not overlap in meaning Concerto scores Scores for concertos Concertos Scores

26 Faceting Each vocabulary is faceted – Coding LCGFT: repeated field 655 LCMPT: repeated subfields in field 382 – Subfield $a: medium of performance – Subfield $b: soloist – Subfield $d: doubling instrument – Subfield $p: alternative medium of performance LCDGT: repeated $a in fields 385, 386

27 Faceting 100 1# $a Vivaldi, Antonio, $d $a Cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione. $k Selections; $o arranged $a The seasons / $c Antonio Vivaldi ; arranged for concertante harpsichord, transverse flute and viola da gamba by Joseph Kimbel. 300 ## $a 1 score (iii, 66 pages) ; $c 23 x 31 cm + $a 2 parts ; $c 31 cm 650 #0 $a Trios (Harpsichord, flute, viola da gamba), Arranged $v Scores and parts.

28 Faceting 100 1# $a Vivaldi, Antonio, $d $a Cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione. $k Selections $a The seasons / $c Antonio Vivaldi ; arranged for concertante harpsichord, transverse flute and viola da gamba by Joseph Kimbel. 300 ## $a 1 score (iii, 66 pages) ; $c 23 x 31 cm + $a 2 parts ; $c 31 cm $a harpsichord $n 1 $a flute $n 1 $a viola de gamba $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Arrangements (Music) $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Scores. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Parts (Music) $2 lcgft

29 Faceting 100 1# $a Vivaldi, Antonio, $d $a Cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione. $k Selections $a The seasons / $c Antonio Vivaldi ; arranged for concertante harpsichord, transverse flute and viola da gamba by Joseph Kimbel. 300 ## $a 1 score (iii, 66 pages) ; $c 23 x 31 cm + $a 2 parts ; $c 31 cm $a harpsichord $n 1 $a flute $n 1 $a viola de gamba $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt 386 ## $a Italians $a Men $2 lcdgt 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Arrangements (Music) $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Scores. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Parts (Music) $2 lcgft

30 Status of Music Projects Music genre/form terms – Still negotiating approximately a hundred proposed terms Terms will appear on monthly Tentative Lists – PSD is not accepting proposals for new or revised terms at this time – Announcement of LC implementation is forthcoming Medium of performance terms – Accepting proposals through the SACO Music Funnel – LC implemented in spring 2014

31 Impact on LCSH No immediate impact – All form headings and form subdivisions remain valid – Application Non-musical works: continue to assign subject headings as always, in addition to terms from LCGFT Musical works: begin to assign LCMPT and LCGFT if appropriate; may continue to assign LCSH form headings for now

32 Impact on LCSH Future plans – Existing bibliographic records will be updated – Music form headings not used for works about music will be cancelled – Music form subdivisions will be cancelled if used only with a form heading

33 Availability of Records LCGFT – Classification Web – Free PDF: – LC’s authorities website: – LC’s Linked Data Service: – LC’s MARC Distribution Service Subject- Authorities product

34 Availability of Records LCMPT – Classification Web – Free PDF: – LC’s Linked Data Service: – LCMPT free downloads page:

35 The New Music Vocabularies Beth Iseminger Harvard University

36 History and Groups Library of Congress Music Library Association BCC Genre/Form Task Force Music Library Association BCC Subject Access Subcommittee

37 Definitions Used by the Task Force Genre A class, type, or category, sanctioned by convention Form The constructive or organizing element in music Medium of performance The voices, instruments, and other entities necessary to perform a piece Includes instruments, instrumental ensembles, vocal types and ranges, vocal ensembles, mixed ensembles, and objects used as instruments

38 Early Process Review existing LCSH terms and add any missing terms Add new terms from reference sources New Grove 2 nd edition Garland Encyclopedia of World Music

39 Sources Used by the Task Force

40 Examples of Terms Found Outside of LCSH

41 Lots of Terms! Using these sources resulted in huge lists of terms, especially for world music genres and instruments The project scope was therefore narrowed to include only LCSH terms, with a few exceptions

42 Decisions Made To separate genre/form and medium facets when they were combined in one LCSH heading To simplify the syntax for medium terms by eliminating the word “music” “violin” not “Violin music”

43 Separating Facets Move from pre-coordinated strings to post-coordinated facets Medium indexed separately, not as part of a string violin 1 / piano 1 Sonatas (Violin and piano) Other facets also separated – language, geography, nationality Post-coordinating these facets offers granularity Necessary in linked data environment

44 Facets for Music Genre Form Medium of performance Format Associated place/Geography Date of work/Time period Numeric designation Key Language Audience Subject Bluegrass music / Musique concrète Dastgāhs / Motets / Symphonies Soprano voice / Viola / Zither Vocal scores Kenya / Florence, Italy / Middle West 1824 op. 125 D minor French Children’s songs John Henry (Legendary character)

45 Facets for Creators Class of persons Ethnicity of the creator Gender of the creator Nationality of the creator Music by gay composers Music by African American composers Music by women composers Music by French composers

46 Using Facets Simpler to identify individual facets; easier for training Ex. vocal score of a song for soprano and orchestra Identify medium = soprano with piano Identify genre = song ; arrangement Identify format = vocal score Assign faceted terms: 1 soprano, 1 piano, Songs, Arrangements (Music), Vocal scores Versus the string: “Songs (High voice) with orchestra $v Vocal scores with piano”

47 Displaying Facets – Chamber Music Medium

48 Displaying Facets – Alternate Medium

49 Displaying Facets – Medium versus Subject

50 Using Multiple Facets

51 Music LCGFT Terms Hermine Vermeij UCLA

52 Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms (LCGFT) LCGFT has been around for a while, but the music terms were just added … last week! 567 terms in the first release, with some more in the pipeline.

53 LCGFT Hierarchy – Top Terms Music Accompaniments (Music) Arrangements (Music) Art music Chants Dramatic music Folk music Functional music Glitch music Humorous music Medleys (Music) Notated music Popular music Sacred music Songs Sound art Teaching pieces (Music) World music

54 LCGFT – Art music Art music Aʼak Aleatory music Anthems Ballades (Instrumental music) Barcaroles Cadenzas Canons (Music) Cantatas Carnatic music Chamber music Chinese operas Chorale preludes Concert etudes Concertos Dastgāhs Dialogues (Music) Fanfares Finales (Music) Fugues Gagaku Hát ả đào Hát bội Heike biwa Hindustani music Honkyoku Interludes Kacapi-suling Malhūn Ma'lūf Maqāmāt (Iraqi music) Microtonal music Minimal music Monologues (Music) Musique concrète Nhạ̣c tài tứ Nō music Oratorios Organ masses Overtures Partimenti Pastoral music Phlēng thao Preludes (Music) Program music Quodlibets Ragas Rhapsodies (Music) Romances (Music) Rondos Scherzos Sicilianas (Music) Sonatas Song cycles Songs without words (Instrumental music) Soundscapes (Music) Spectral music Stochastic music Suites Symphonies Taech’wit’a Text-sound compositions Third stream (Music) Toccatas Variations (Music) Vọng cố

55 LCGFT – Dramatic music Dramatic music Ballad operas Ballets (Music) Bangsawan Barong (Music) Ch’anggŭk Chinese operas Congadas (Music) Dialogues (Music) Entremés (Music) Hát bội Hát chèo (Music) Hira gasy Incidental music Katarimono Kecak (Music) Liturgical dramas (Music) Madrigal comedies Masques (Music) Melodramas Modern dance music Monologues (Music) Motion picture music Musical theater Musicals Nāḍagam Operas Oratorios P’ansori Pantomimes (Music) Rappresentazioni sacre (Music) Revues Serenatas Wayang music

56 LCGFT – Folk music Folk music Aleke Blues (Music) Cajun music Calpyso (Music) Celtic music Congadas (Music) Flamenco music Folk dance music Folk-rock music Folk songs Gaitas (Venezuelan music) Guaguancós Hát chèo Huaylas (Music) Huaynos Isicathamiya Klezmer music Kolos (Music) Kuyis Maloya (Music) Mandó Mariachi (Music) Morris dances (Music) Mouth music Música sertaneja Nāḍagam Norteño (Music) Old-time music Palos (Music) P’ansori Plenas Polkabilly music Rebetika Sanjo Schrammelmusik Soca (Music) Sones Soukous (Music) Square dance music Tejano music Vallenato (Music)

57 LCGFT – Notated music Notated music Musical sketches Part books Parts (Music) Scores Service books (Music) Songbooks Tune-books

58 LCGFT – Popular music Popular music Agbadja modern (Music) Arabesk (Popular music) Bachata Bailā (Music) Banda (Music) Beatboxing Bhangra (Music) Bikutsi Blues (Music) Boogaloos (Music) Bossa nova (Music) Brega (Music) Cajun music Calypso (Music) Campursari Candombes (Music) Cavachas (Music) Celtic music Chaabi Champeta (Music) Chanchona (Music) Chicha Choros Chutney (Music) Country music Cover versions Cumbia (Music) Dangdut Dansi (Music) Danzones (Music) Disco (Music) Electronica (Music) Enka Forró (Music) Fuji (Music) Funana (Music) Funk (Music) Gaitas (Venezuelan music) Gospel music Gumbé (Music) Habaneras (Music) High-life (Music) Huaylas (Music) Huaynos Jazz Jingles (Advertising songs) Juju music Kanto (Popular music) Karaoke Kaskawi (Music) Keroncong Klezmer music Konkoma Kwaito Kwaya Latin pop Lounge music Lundus Makossa (Music) Maloya (Music) Mandó (Music) Mangue (Music) Mariachi (Music) Mbalax Mbaqanga Mchiriku Minstrel music Modinhas Mornas (Music) Murgas Música sertaneja Música tropical New Age music Norteño (Music) Old-time music Ragtime music Rai (Music) Rap (Music) Rapso Rebetika Reggae music Remixes (Music) Rhythm and blues music Rock music Rocksteady (Music) Rumbas (Music) Salsa (Music) Schrammelmusik Ska (Music) Skiffle Sones Soukous (Music) Soul music Steampunk music Swamp pop music Taraab (Music) Tejano music Timba (Music) Tropicália (Music) Tspapiky (Music) Turbo-folk (Music) Vallenato (Music) Waila music Worldbeat (Music) Zouk (Music) Zydeco music

59 LCGFT – Other hierarchies Derivative works Arrangements (Music) llustrated works Fingering charts Informational works Fingering charts Thematic catalogs Instructional and educational works Master classes Teaching pieces Literature Librettos Sound recordings Cover versions Human sounds Player piano accompaniments Remixes (Music) Samplers (Sound recordings)

60 Highlights of the Vocabularies Thom Pease Library of Congress

61 Top Terms Music Art musicDramatic music ChantsFunctional music Folk musicPopular music Popular musicSacred music World musicSongs Sound artArrangements (Music)

62 New Terms Filling gaps in the hierarchy (Art music, Event music, Functional music, Notated music) Split and separated terms Some new terms (which have literary warrant and scope notes) New terms to replace former form subdivisions Examples: Preludes, Sea chanteys (vs. Sea songs)

63 Split terms Rounds (Music) Canons (Music) Fugues

64 What’s not there Psalms and other texts of sacred music not considered forms. Still there: Masses, Requiems Headings denoting medium of performance and/or the number of instruments (Quartets, nonets and String quartets, Piano trios, Woodwind quintets) Terms which just meant popular music or folk music, etc. of a particular country or region.

65 Passionate discussions Lots of terms with implicit facets to them (Nations, ethnicities, time periods, language, audience & creator/contributor characteristics) Many terms inherently instrumental or vocal. The loss of cross-references under pre-coordinated strings, and their narrower terms. Narrower definitions of terms long in use

66 Taking Chances Performing arts terms Other general terms proposed Event and expression terms – Master classes, Concerts, recitals, Benefit performances, Concert tours, etc.

67 Form terms Antiphonaries Kyriales Lead sheets Missals (Service books) Parts (Music) Thematic catalogs (Music) Tune books

68 Those that didn’t make it DESPAIR NOT! More tentative and approved lists to come. New terms can be proposed, hierarchies can be changed, and existing terms can be changed. Collaborating with other groups to fill in the hierarchy for terms that border music and are multi-disciplinary

69 Issues to work through Expression and manifestation terms Terms which overlap with other projects Performing arts & visual arts, multimedia terms. Events vs. terms in SR/MI hierarchies Just ran out of time to get everything in before the deadline.

70 PART II

71 Best Practices for using LCMPT Kevin Kishimoto University of Chicago

72 Provisional Best Practices for Using LCMPT ( April 7, 2014, with corrections May 16, 2014) prepared by MLA Subject Access Subcommittee PDF on BCC website under “Resources”

73 LCMPT hierarchy performerensemblevisuals

74 LCMPT hierarchy performerensemblevisuals voiceinstrument - aerophone - wind instrument - woodwind instrument - reed instrument - single reed instrument

75 LCMPT hierarchy performerensemblevisuals single reed instrument saxophone alto saxophone clarinet

76 LCMPT hierarchy performerensemblevisuals male voicehigh voice tenor voice singer soprano voice

77 LCMPT hierarchy performerensemblevisuals aerophonekeyboard instrument organ instrument

78 LCMPT hierarchy performerensemblevisuals audience continuo electronics

79 MARC 382

80 LCMPT terms Choose most specific LCMPT term Use term as it appears in LCMPT ●not capitalized in most cases ●singular in most cases

81 382 indicators 382 0# for authority records for bibliographic records ***bib records only

82 $a = Medium of performance $a piano $a flute $a piano $a mixed chorus $a orchestra

83 $n = Number of performers of same medium $a piano $n $a flute $n 2 $a piano $n 1

84 $n = Number of performers of same medium $a piano $n $a flute $n 2 $a piano $n 1... but no $n for ensembles $a mixed chorus $n $a orchestra $n future $a mixed chorus $e 2 $a orchestra $e 1

85 $n = Number of performers of same medium Do not enter $n if the number of performers is unknown or variable $a singer $n $a performer $n

86 $s = Total number of performers $a piano $n 1 $s $a flute $n 2 $a piano $n 1 $s 3... but no $s for ensembles $a mixed chorus $a orchestra $s... and no $s if total unknown or variable $a performer $s

87 $2 lcmpt $a piano $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt $a flute $n 2 $a piano $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt $a mixed chorus $a orchestra $2 lcmpt $a performer $2 lcmpt

88 1.Determine medium of performance 2.Choose term(s) from LCMPT 3.Do not alter terms 4.Use MARC 382 field 5.Each term in separate $a 6.Follow $a with number of performers in $n 7.Total number of performers in $s after last $n 8.$2 lcmpt

89 $b = Soloist $b soprano voice $n 1 $a orchestra $2 lcmpt $b violin $n 2 $a orchestra $2 lcmpt $b cello $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 5 $2 lcmpt $a high voice $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt

90 $d = Doubling instrument $a flute $n 1 $d piccolo $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt $a soprano voice $n 1 $d vocal percussion $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt $a singer $n 1 $d guitar $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt

91 $p = Alternative medium of performance $a soprano voice $n 1 $p tenor voice $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt $a flute $n 1 $p oboe $n 1 $p recorder $n 1 $p violin $n 1 $a harpsichord $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt

92 Multiple 382s for alternatives work for string quartet OR string orchestra $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 4 $2 lcmpt $a string orchestra $2 lcmpt *alternative mediums of performance for a single work

93 Multiple 382s for “ad libitum” parts $a soprano voice $n 1 $a violin $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt $a soprano voice $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt *alternative mediums of performance for a single work

94 $v = Note $a mixed chorus $v SATB $2 lcmpt $a piano $n 2 $s 2 $v piano, 4 hands $2 lcmpt

95 O rder of LCMPT T erms Use cataloger’s judgment ● score order? ● order listed on title page? ● other order?

96 First indicator 1 = Partial medium of performance $a trumpet $n 1 $2 lcmpt

97 Standard c hamber ensembles $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 4 $2 lcmptstring quartet $a violin $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmptpiano trio $a flute $n 1 $a oboe $n 1 $a clarinet $n 1 $a horn $n 1 $a bassoon $n 1 $s 5 $2 lcmpt wind quintet

98 Bi-level MOP $a flute choir $2 lcmpt $a piccolo $n 2 $a flute $n 8 $a alto flute $n 4 $a bass flute $n 2 $s 16 $2 lcmpt *same medium, two descriptions

99 Bi-level MOP $a violin $n 1 $a continuo $2 lcmpt $a violin $n 1 $a theorbo $n 1 $a organ $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt $a percussion $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt $a marimba $n 1 $d bass drum $n 1 $d triangle $n 1 $d cymbal $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt *same medium, two descriptions

100 T ri-level[ ?] MOP -- Spem in ali um $a singer $n 40 $s 40 $2 lcmpt [40 singers] $a soprano voice $n 8 $a alto voice $n 8 $a tenor voice $n 8 $a baritone voice $n 8 $a bass voice $n 8 $s 40 $2 lcmpt [5 voice types, 8 singers each] $a solo vocal ensemble $v SATBarB $e 8 $2 lcmpt [8 SATBarB vocal ensembles]

101 Topics still in flux ● instruments played not played with two hands ● continuo ● percussion ● electronics ● visuals

102 LCGFT Best Practices Casey Mullin Stanford University

103 Provisional Best Practices for Using LCGFT for Music Resources Even more provisional than the LCMPT best practices! Hot off the press; to be published shortly after MOUG/MLA meeting More detailed guidance will emerge as community application matures – You are our guinea pigs. Get to work! LCMPT and LCGFT best practices eventually covered in forthcoming LC manual

104 MARC 655

105 $a (Genre/form term) $2 (Source of term) – $2 lcgft Subdivisions ($v, $x, $y, $z) – Do not use any subdivisions with LCGFT terms.

106 General guidelines Generally choose the most specific term available and appropriate. 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft NOT 655 #7 $a Art music. $2 lcgft

107 General guidelines If the work being cataloged combines aspects of two genres/forms that are in different hierarchies, or exemplifies more than one genre/form, give multiple terms as appropriate. An art song: 655 #7 $a Songs. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Art music. $2 lcgft An album of pop songs: 655 #7 $a Songs. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Popular music. $2 lcgft

108 General guidelines For notated music resources, assign one or more terms appropriate to the format of notated music, in addition to any genre/form terms describing the musical work. Generally observe the RDA definitions of these formats. A set of parts with score of a string quartet: 655 #7 $a Scores. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Parts (Music) $2 lcgft A solo piano work: 655 #7 $a Scores. $2 lcgft

109 Art music and Folk music Do not use the terms “Art music” or “Folk music” for the music of cultures that have no art/folk music division. Use “Art music” for works of art music that cannot be described using more specific terms in the Art music hierarchy, and for works of art music otherwise described by terms that are not in the Art music hierarchy (e.g., Songs, Dance music). A bourrée for harpsichord: 655 #7 $a Bourrées (Music) $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Art music. $2 lcgft

110 Chamber music Use “Chamber music” (or one of its narrower terms) for works of art music for 2 or more performers whose medium is described in terms of individual instruments/voices and/or by unspecified ensemble terms (e.g., “bowed string ensemble”). Generally do not use “Chamber music” for: – Works for larger ensembles (e.g., orchestra, band, chorus) – Art songs with piano – Music for solo performers No scope note; use judgment in edge cases! Did we mention the “provisional” part?

111 Use with LCSH Until LCGFT terms are fully implemented and a method for converting genre and medium of performance terms currently coded as LCSH: Use LCMPT terms in 382 Use LCGFT terms in 655 Continue to use LCSH terms (Genre/form, medium of performance & mixed headings) in 650 field according to the guidelines in the Subject Headings Manual $b bassoon $n 1 $a orchestra $e 1 $2 lcmpt 650 #0 $a Concertos (Bassoon) 655 #7 $a Concertos.$2 lcgft $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 4 $2 lcmpt 650 #0 $a String quartets. 655 #7 $a Chamber music. $2 lcgft

112 Use of LCMPT and LCGFT in cataloging Hermine Vermeij UCLA

113 Where will I be seeing these things? Bibliographic records Authority records

114 Bibliographic Records 380 ## $a [Genre/form term] $2 lcgft $a [Medium of performance term] $2 lcmpt 655 #7 $a [Genre/form term] $2 lcgft

115 Authority Records 380 ## $a [Genre/form term] $2 lcgft 382 0# $a [Medium of performance term] $2 lcmpt

116 Where do I access the vocabularies? Classification Web

117 Connexion (G/F only)

118 id.loc.gov

119 So I have to do extra work? Yes, for now. Still assigning subject headings to musical works in addition to genre/form and medium of performance terms. Eventually, we will not be assigning LCSH to musical works unless they are topical subjects.

120 Typical bib record for a score 100 1# $a Telemann, Georg Philipp, $d , $e composer $a Concertos, $m flute, string orchestra, $n TWV 51:G1, $r G major … $b flute $n 1 $a string orchestra $e 1 $2 lcmpt 650 #0 $a Concertos (Flute with string orchestra) $v Scores. 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Scores. $2 lcgft

121 Typical authority record for a work 046 ## $k # $a Prokofiev, Sergey, $d $t Detskie pesni 380 1# $a Songs $2 lcgft 382 0# $a singer $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt …

122 What if I don’t know what to do when [insert crazy situation here]? Check LCMPT and LCGFT best practices Take a guess! Or start a conversation on an list This is new for all of us, and we’re trying to figure out where the holes are. Your problem might eventually make its way into the next version of best practices.

123 BREAK!

124 Part III

125 Examples

126 Example – Bi-level 382 assignment

127 100 1_ Nelson, Oliver, $d , $e composer, $e arranger of music Flute salad : $b a terrific addition to any program : as recorded on "Sound pieces" by the Oliver Nelson Orchestra / $c composed and arranged by Oliver Nelson ; edited by Robert Curnow big band $2 lcmpt flute $n 4 $a alto saxophone $n 2 $a tenor saxophone $n 2 $a baritone saxophone $n 1 $a bass clarinet $n 1 $a trumpet $n 2 $d flugelhorn $n 2 $a trumpet $n 2 $a trombone $n 3 $a bass trombone $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $a electric guitar $n 1 $a double bass $n 1 $a drum set $n 1 $s 22 $2 lcmpt 500 __ For jazz band (4 flutes (optional), 5 saxophones, bass clarinet (optional), 4 trumpets (2 doubling flugelhorn), 4 trombones, piano, guitar (optional), bass, and drums). 650 _0 Big band music $v Scores and parts. 650 _0 Jazz $y _7 Jazz. $2 lcgft 655 _7 Scores. $2 lcgft 655 _7 Parts (Music) $2 lcgft

128 Example #1: Popular music Super Afro soul [sound recording] / Orlando Julius $a singer $n 1 $a instrumental ensemble $e 1 $2 lcmpt 500$a Previously released selections from his 1966 debut album (Strut Records) $a Orlando Julius, vocals ; with accompanying musicians. 650 _0 $a Popular music $z Nigeria $y _7 $a Afrobeat. $2 lcgft 655_7 $a Popular music. $2 lcgft 655 _7 $a Highlife (Music) $2 lcgft

129 Example #2: Popular music $a Dos grandes de Sinaloa [sound recording]. 650 _0 $a Popular music $a Mexico $y _0 $a Banda (Music) 655 _7 $a Popular music. $a lcgft 655 _7 $a Banda (Music) $2 lcgft

130 Example: Ethnic Medium and Associated Place $a Spiridon $a Jew’s harp $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt 370 __ $c Russia (Federation) $f Sakha (Russia) $2 lcsh 500 __ Traditional khomus music from Sakha province, Russia. 650 _0 Folk music $z Russia (Federation) $z Sakha. 655 _7 Folk music. $2 lcgft

131 Example: Ethnic Medium and Associated Place $a Urban music of the Edo period ( ) 370 __ $c Japan $2 lcsh $a shakuhachi $n 1 $a shamisen $n 1 $a koto $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt 500 __ $a Classical music from Japan for shakuhachi, shamisen, and koto. 650 _0 $a Music $z Japan. 655 _7 $a Art music. $2 lcgft

132 Example: No genre 100 1# $a Tanguy, Eric, $e composer $a Duet, $m flute, clarinet $a Duo pour flûte & clarinette en si bémol (1994) / $c Eric Tanguy. … $a flute $n 1 $a clarinet $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt 650 #0 $a Clarinet and flute music $v Scores. 655 #7 $a Chamber music. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Scores. $2 lcgft

133 Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works

134 Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos # Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et b.c. / Fasch -- Cassation pour luth obligé, violon et violoncelle / Haydn -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons et violoncelle / Kohaut -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et violoncelle / Hagen.

135 Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos # Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et b.c. / Fasch -- Cassation pour luth obligé, violon et violoncelle / Haydn -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons et violoncelle / Kohaut -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et violoncelle / Hagen $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a continuo $2 lcmpt 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft

136 Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos # Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et b.c. / Fasch -- Cassation pour luth obligé, violon et violoncelle / Haydn -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons et violoncelle / Kohaut -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et violoncelle / Hagen $a baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt 655 #7 $a Suites. $2 lcgft

137 Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos # Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et b.c. / Fasch -- Cassation pour luth obligé, violon et violoncelle / Haydn -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons et violoncelle / Kohaut -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et violoncelle / Hagen $a baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt 655 #7 $a Suites. $2 lcgft

138 Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos # Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et b.c. / Fasch -- Cassation pour luth obligé, violon et violoncelle / Haydn -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons et violoncelle / Kohaut -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et violoncelle / Hagen $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a cello $n 1 $s 4 $2 lcmpt 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft

139 Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos # Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et b.c. / Fasch -- Cassation pour luth obligé, violon et violoncelle / Haydn -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons et violoncelle / Kohaut -- Concerto pour luth, 2 violons, alto et violoncelle / Hagen $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 5 $2 lcmpt 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft

140 Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a continuo $2 lcmpt $a baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a cello $n 1 $s 4 $2 lcmpt $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 5 $2 lcmpt #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Suites. $2 lcgft

141 Example: Sound recording w/ multiple works Lautenkonzerte = $b Concerti pour luth = Lute concertos $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a continuo $2 lcmpt $a baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a cello $n 1 $s 4 $2 lcmpt $b baroque lute $n 1 $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 5 $2 lcmpt 650 #0 Concertos (Lute with instrumental ensemble) 650 #0 Suites (Lute, violin, cello) 650 #0 Concertos (Lute with string ensemble) 655 #7 $a Concertos. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Suites. $2 lcgft

142 Exercises

143 Exercise 100 1# $a Paganini, Nicolò, $d , $e composer Sonata concertata : $b per chitarra e violino : M.S.2 / $c Niccolò Paganini __________ __________ 655 __________

144 Exercise 100 1# $a Paganini, Nicolò, $d , $e composer Sonata concertata : $b per chitarra e violino : M.S.2 / $c Niccolò Paganini $a guitar $n 1 $a violin $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt #0 Sonatas (Violin and guitar) $v Scores. 655 #7 Sonatas. $2 lcgft 655 #7 Scores. $2 lcgft

145 Exercise 100 1# Piazzolla, Astor, $e composer Histoire du tango : $b pour flûte et guitare / $c Astor Piazzolla __________ __________ 655 __________

146 Exercise 100 1# Piazzolla, Astor, $e composer Histoire du tango : $b pour flûte et guitare / $c Astor Piazzolla $a flute $n 1 $a guitar $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt #0 Tangos $v Scores. 650 #0 Flute and guitar music $v Scores. 655 #7 Tangos (Music) $2 lcgft 655 #7 Art music. $2 lcgft 655 #7 Scores. $2 lcgft

147 Exercise #1: Popular music Love celebration devotion [sound recording] : live in concert / Maria Bethânia. $a Recorded live, Vivo Rio, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Mar , _0 $a Popular music |z Brazil |y _0 $a Songs, Portuguese. 655 _7 $a _______________. $2 ____

148 Another exercise: Popular music $a Broadway, USA! Vol. 5, Little bit gay [sound recording] : gay musical / music and lyrics by Cude & Pickens. 650 _0 $a Revues. 650 _0 $a Gay men $v Songs and music. 655 _7 $a _____________. $2 ____

149 Broadway, USA! (answers) $a Broadway, USA! Vol. 5, Little bit gay [sound recording] : gay musical / music and lyrics by Cude & Pickens. 650 _0 $a Revues. 650 _0 $a Gay men $v Songs and music. 655 _7 $a _Revues. $2 lcgft_

150 Exercise # $a Sounds from a bygone age. Vol. 3, Dona Dumitru Siminica. 518 $a Recorded in the early 1960s at Electrecord Studio, Romania. 650 _0 $a Popular music $z Romania $y _7 $a __________. $2 ____

151 Exercise #3 (answers) $a Sounds from a bygone age. Vol. 3, Dona Dumitru Siminica. 518 $a Recorded in the early 1960s at Electrecord Studio, Romania. 650 _0 $a Popular music $z Romania $y _7 $a _Popular music.

152 Exercise #4 (slide #1) $a At home with friends [sound recording] _ $a Joshua Bell, violin ; with various featured performers. 518$a Recorded Apr.-Aug _ $a I loves you Porgy |r (featuring Chris Botti, trumpet) -- |t Come again |r (featuring Sting, vocals) -- |t Oblivión |r (featuring Carel Kraayenhof, bandoneon) -- |t Cinema Paradiso |r (featuring Josh Groban, vocals) -- |t Para tí |r (featuring Tiempo Libre) -- |t My funny Valentine |r (featuring Kristin Chenoweth, vocals) -- |t Maybe so |r (featuring Edgar Meyer, double bass, Sam Bush, mandolin, and Mike Marshall, guitar) …[etc.]

153 Exercise #4 (slide #2) 650 _0 $a Popular music $y _0 $a Jazz $y _0 $a Chamber music. 655 _7 $a _____________. $2 ____ 655 _7 $a ______________. $2 _____

154 Exercise #4 (answers) 650 _0 $a Popular music $y _0 $a Jazz $y _0 $a Chamber music. 655 _7 $a _Popular music. $2 _lcgft_ 655 _7 $a _Jazz. $2 _lcgft____ 655 _7 $a _Chamber music. $2 _lcgft_

155 Exercise – Art music compilation

156 100 1_ Bridge, Frank, $e composer Early chamber music / $c Frank Bridge _ String sextet in E flat major ( ) (27:02) -- Lament for two violas (1912) (8:51) -- String quintet in E minor (1901) (30:07). 650 _0 String sextets (Violins (2), violas (2), cellos (2)) 650 _0 String quintets (Violins (2), violas (2), cello) 650 _0 Viola music (Violas (2))

157 Exercise – Art music compilation $a ___________ $2 lcmpt 655 _7 $3 1st work: $a ___________. $2 lcgft 655 _7 $3 2nd work: $a ___________. $2 lcgft 655 _7 $3 3rd work: $a ___________. $2 lcgft

158 Exercise – Art music compilation $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 2 $a cello $n 2 $s 2 $s 6 $2 lcmpt $a viola $n 2 $s 2 $2 lcmpt $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 2 $a cello $n 1 $s 5 $2 lcmpt 655 _7 $a Chamber music. $2 lcgft 655 _7 $3 2nd work: $a ___________. $2 lcgft 655 _7 $3 3rd work: $a ___________. $2 lcgft

159 Exercise: Extra credit # $a Raffi, $e composer, $e performer $a Baby beluga. 300 ## $a 1 audio disc ; $c 4 3/4 in. 385 ## ______________ 650 #0 $a Children’s songs. 655 #7 ______________

160 Exercise: Extra credit 1 (answers) 100 0# $a Raffi, $e composer, $e performer $a Baby beluga. 300 ## $a 1 audio disc ; $c 4 3/4 in. 385 ## $a Children $2 lcsh [a potential solution] 650 #0 $a Children’s songs. 655 #7 $a Songs. $2 lcgft

161 Exercise: Extra credit ## ______________ $a Masterpieces of French harpsichord music. 300 ## $a 1 audio disc ; $c 4 3/4 in. 370 ## ______________ ______________ 388 2# ______________ 650 #0 $a Harpsichord music $z France $y 18th century. 655 #7 ______________

162 Exercise: Extra credit 2 (answers) 046 ## $k $a Masterpieces of French harpsichord music. 300 ## $a 1 audio disc ; $c 4 3/4 in. 370 ## $g France $2 naf [a potential solution] $a harpsichord $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt 388 2# $a 18th century [a potential solution] 650 #0 $a Harpsichord music $z France $y 18th century. 655 #7 $a Chamber music. $2 lcgft

163 Exercise: Ethnic music $a Andes : $b les flûtes du soleil. 300 ## $a 1 audio disc ; $c 4 3/4 in. 370 ## ________________________ ________________________ 386 ## ________________________ 500 ## $a Principally instrumental folk music featuring Andean flutes. 650 #0 $a Folk music $z Andes Region. 650 #0 $a Folk songs, Spanish $z Andes Region. 650 #0 $a Indians of South America $a Andes Region $v Music. 650 #0 $a Panpipes ensembles. 655 #7 ________________________

164 Exercise: Ethnic music (answers) $a Andes : $b les flûtes du soleil. 300 ## $a 1 audio disc ; $c 4 3/4 in. 370 ## $g Andes Region $2 naf [a potential solution] $a panpipes ensemble $2 lcmpt 386 ## $a Indians of South America $2 lcsh [a potential solution] 500 ## $a Principally instrumental folk music featuring Andean flutes. 650 #0 $a Folk music $z Andes Region. 650 #0 $a Folk songs, Spanish $z Andes Region. 650 #0 $a Indians of South America $a Andes Region $v Music. 650 #0 $a Panpipes ensembles. 655 #7 $a Folk music. $2 lcgft 655 #7 $a Folk songs. $2 lcgft

165 Part IV

166 LCGFT & LCMPT in Library Systems

167 ●Display ●Indexing ●Facets ●Search

168 Display How should LCGFT & LCMPT vocabularies look in the catalog record display? ●What data should be displayed? ●Where should it be displayed? ●Should this data also be displayed in results lists?

169 LCGFT Display (MARC 655) ●Locate near subject headings? ●Use display label “Genre / Form”? ●Display 655 $a ●Do not display 655 “$2 lcgft” Note: There are other genre / form thesauri (and non- thesaurus terms) which are also coded in 655. Some of these 655s contain subfields

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173

174

175

176

177 LCMPT Display (MARC 382) ●Location? ●Display constant? ●Order of MOP terms? ●Punctuation?

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180

181

182 LCMPT Display (MARC 382) ●Location? o Near the genre / form terms? o Near the physical description? o Somewhere else?

183 LCMPT Display (MARC 382) ●Location? ●Display constant? o “Medium of performance”? o “Instrumentation”? o “Performance medium”? o “Performing forces”? o “Partial medium of performance”?

184 LCMPT Display (MARC 382) ●Location? ●Display constant? ●Order of MOP terms? o Display in order as coded in 382 o Should soloists ($b) always be first?

185 LCMPT Display (MARC 382) ●Location? ●Display constant? ●Order of MOP terms? ●Punctuation / labels?

186 Number of performers ($n) ●No punctuation, just a space? violin 1flute 2 guitar 4 ●$n in parentheses? violin(1)flute(2) guitar(4) ●$n preceding term? 1 violin2 flute4 guitar ●What if no $n?

187 Punctuation between $a or $b terms ●Comma? violin(1), flute(1), guitar(1) ●Semicolon? 4 guitar ; orchestra ●Pipe? electric guitar(1) | bass guitar(1) | drum set(1) ●Nothing but space? mixed chorus orchestra

188 Soloist ($b) ●“soloist: ” or “[soloist]”? soloist:oboe(1), bandoboe(1)[soloist], band ●“solo”? solo violin(1) ; solo cello(1) ; orchestra ●“with”? soprano voice(1) with mixed chorus, orchestra ●No special indication? 1 piano, percussion ensemble

189 Alternative MOP ($p) ●“alternative” or “alternatively”? violin(1) alternatively flute(1), piano(1) ●“ or ”? violin(1) or flute(1), piano(1) ●“/”? violin(1)/flute(1), piano(1) ●Possibly drop $n from display after $p? violin(1) or flute, piano(1)

190 Doubling MOP ($d) ●“doubling”? flute(1) doubling piccolo(1), piano(1) ●“+” or “ & ” or “/”? flute(1)+piccolo(1), piano(1) flute(1) & piccolo(1), piano(1) flute(1)/piccolo(1), piano(1) ●Possibly drop $n from display after $d? flute(1)+piccolo, piano(1)

191 Note ($v) ●Display text as written ●Indicate note by some punctuation o Parentheses or brackets? mixed chorus[SATB] piano(2)[piano, 4 hands] o Comma? mixed chorus, SATB piano(2), piano, 4 hands

192 “Easiest”[?!?] recommendations ●Wrap subfields n in parentheses ●Wrap subfields v in square brackets ●Change all “$a” into “, ” ●Change all “$b” into “, solo ” ●Change all “$p” into “ or ” ●Change all “$d” into “+” ●Remove first comma ($a or $b preceding first term) ●Do not display subfields s or 2 ●Use a sensible display constant and location

193 violin(2), viola(1), cello(1) solo soprano voice(1), mixed chorus[SATB] flute(1)+alto flute(1), piano(2)[piano, 4 hands] Partial medium of performance: violin(1) or flute(1) or oboe(1) * “Legacy” 382s (before publication of LCMPT and best practices) should display fine, although vocabulary will be different Examples

194 Indexing How should LCGFT & LCMPT vocabularies be indexed to allow proper functionality? ●What data should be indexed? ●How should it be indexed?

195 LCGFT Indexing (MARC 655) ●Create a separate genre/form index? ●Index $a? ●Do not index $2 ●Other thesauri also present in 655

196 LCMPT Indexing (MARC 382) index1: MOP term alone (without number) ●$a ●$b ●$d ●$p Keyword index only? ●$v index2: MOP term and number together ●$a $n ●$b $n ●$d $n ●$p $n ●$a $e ●$p $e

197 LCMPT Indexing (MARC 382) ●Only index field if contains “$2 lcmpt” o If no “$2 lcmpt”, index as keyword only? ●Do NOT index $2 ●Not sure what to do with $s

198 LCMPT Indexing (MARC 382) string quartet 382 0# $a violin $n 2 $a viola $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $s 4 $2 lcmpt index1: “violin” “viola” “cello” index2: “violin 2” “viola 1” “cello 1”

199 LCMPT Indexing (MARC 382) piano trio 382 0# $a violin $n 1 $a cello $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 3 $2 lcmpt index1: “violin” “cello” “piano” index2: “violin 1” “cello 1” “piano 1”

200 LCMPT Indexing (MARC 382) piano quintet: “violin” “viola” “cello” “piano” “violin 2” “viola 1” “cello 1” “piano 1” violin and piano: “violin” “piano” “violin 1” “piano 1” violin soloist with 4-hand piano accompaniment: “violin” “piano” “piano, 4 hands” “violin 1” “piano 2” piano duo: “piano” “piano 2”

201 string quartetpiano triopiano quintetviolin & pianoviolin, 4-hand piano piano duo “cello” XXX “piano” XXXXX “viola” XX “violin” XXXXX “cello 1” XXX “piano 1” XXX “piano 2” XX “viola 1” XX “violin 1” XXX “violin 2” XX “piano, 4 hands” X

202 Facets How should LCGFT & LCMPT vocabularies be faceted? ●Create separate facets for “Genre/Form” and “Medium of Performance” which use the indexes discussed above ●“AND” the facets, not “OR”

203

204 Medium of Performance piano (5) violin (5) cello (3) cello 1 (3) piano 1 (3) more... Genre/Form Chamber music (3) Minuets (Music) (2) Sonatas (2) Concertos (1) Scherzos (1) more...

205 Medium of Performance piano (5) violin (5) cello (3) cello 1 (3) piano 1 (3) violin 1 (3) piano 2 (2) viola (2) viola 1 (2) violin 2 (2) piano, 4 hands (1) Genre/Form Chamber music (3) Minuets (Music) (2) Sonatas (2) Concertos (1) Scherzos (1) more...

206 Current Limits x Format: Music score x Medium of Performance: violin 1 x Medium of Performance: piano 1 x Genre/Form: Sonatas Medium of Performance piano (5) violin (5) cello (3) cello 1 (3) piano 1 x violin 1 x more... Genre/Form Chamber music (3) Minuets (Music) (2) Sonatas x Concertos (1) Scherzos (1) more...

207 Medium of Performance cello (3) ↳ cello 1 (3) piano (5) ↳ piano 1 (3) ↳ piano 2 (2) viola (2) ↳ viola 1 (2) violin (5) ↳ violin 1 (3) ↳ violin 2 (2) piano, 4 hands (1) Genre/Form Chamber music (3) Minuets (Music) (2) Sonatas (2) Concertos (1) Scherzos (1) more...

208 Search ●Current state of LCGFT & LCMPT searches o Possible to use keyword searches for both Genre/Form and Medium of Performance o Some catalogs have separate Genre/Form search type o A few home-grown Medium of Performance search interfaces, but built on MARC 048

209 Future search interface?...

210 LCGFT & LCMPT in Library Systems ●Display ●Indexing ●Facets ●Search

211 Existing Subject Headings Casey Mullin Stanford University

212 Conversion of legacy 650 “subject” headings Requirements Each 650 should beget, at least, one 382 and/or one 655 field Algorithm should work equally well for score and sound recording records Terms in machine-generated fields must be conformant to LCGFT and LCMPT Machine-generated fields should ideally be conformant to MLA best practices Duplicate fields should be removed 650 fields retained for the time being

213 Conversion of legacy 650 “subject” headings Challenges (to name a few) Implicit medium of performance (e.g., “Symphonies”, “Monologues with music”) Differences in vocabulary LCSH (“mixed voices”) vs. LCMPT (“mixed chorus”) LCSH (“Canons, fugues, etc.”) vs. LCGFT (“Canons” or “Fugues”) Completely new terms in LCGFT (“Art music”) Identifying solo performers True “topical” headings: how to distinguish? By presence of certain values in $v? (e.g., “Songs and music”) Or don’t worry and just let them “fail” the algorithm? Videorecording records? Possible influence on best practices

214 Conversion of legacy 650 “subject” headings 650-to-382 algorithm (draft outline, version 0.1) 1.Isolation and delimiting of raw string of terms expressing or implying medium of performance 1.Removing non-medium content (particles, punctuation, etc.) 2.Generating implied medium terms based on certain form/genre terms 2.Mapping delimited MOP terms to 382 field 1.Converting terms to singular 2.Converting terms to authorized LCMPT form 3.Identifying solo performers 4.Addition of $n or $e after each term 5.Addition of $s

215 Conversion of legacy 650 “subject” headings 650-to-382 algorithm (example) 650 _0 $a Sonatas (Violin and piano) Sonatas (Violin and piano) Violin and piano Violin|piano 382 _1 $2 lcmpt 382 _1 $a Violin $a piano $2 lcmpt 382 _1 $a Violin $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $2 lcmpt 382 _1 $a Violin $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt

216 Conversion of legacy 650 “subject” headings Timeline (work done primarily by BCC Subject Access Subcommittee) Fall to-382 mapping created H studied for 650 patterns and permutations January-February 2015: 650-to-382 algorithm drafted Spring 2015 Refinement of 650-to-382 algorithm Drafting and refinement of 650-to-655 algorithm Summer-Fall 2015: testing, testing and more testing! Who? OCLC, LC, PCC, other willing institutions Following model of phased RDA conversion of LCNAF 2016 (??): Agencies begin using converter in production databases

217 Fate of existing LCSH headings LCSH likely to remain in score and sound recording records for some time to come LCGFT/LCMPT algorithm may never be perfect Discovery systems need time to catch up What about works about music? Not all LCSH music headings are appropriate for topical use What’s the granularity “cutoff”? Uncontrolled pattern headings

218 Fate of existing LCSH headings Types of topical music headings Topical only, per scope note and SHM Opera (vs. form heading Operas) Usable as topical or form Symphonic poems (presence of $x History and criticism signals topical use) Usable as topical or medium Violin music How granular should topical music headings be? Headings qualified by language Songs, French Headings that combine form/genre and medium Concertos (Piano) (might be worth keeping) Suites (Bassoon, clarinet, trombones (2), double bass, percussion) (maybe not) Headings qualified by Sacred/Secular Cantatas, Secular (or postcoordinate with Sacred music?) Stay tuned!!

219 LCMPT and RDA Beth Iseminger Harvard University

220 Isn’t this about genre and medium? Yes! but... Principle goal for LCMPT = access LCMPT also used for RDA medium of performance element = identification

221 RDA and Medium of Performance RDA still contains instructions that prescribe how to identify certain mediums of performance accompanying ensembles with one performer to a part solo instruments with accompanying ensemble orchestra/string orchestra/band (especially this one!) solo voices and choruses (and this one!) The JSC Music Working Group will be looking at revising at least some of these instructions in 2015, especially those that have closed lists of terms.

222 MLA Best Practices for RDA Best Practices for Use with RDA and MARC21 recommends: When recording medium for an access point, also record it as a separate element in the 382 field. When recording medium in a bib record, give the medium that corresponds to that particular expression.

223 Differences Differences in LCMPT Best Practices and DCM Z1 DCM Z1 recommends adding $n for ensembles DCM = LC’s Descriptive Cataloging Manual LCMPT BPs recommend NOT adding $n for ensembles. MLA proposed $e for number of ensembles which was approved in January Difference in the 382 field for bib and authority records Authority 382 has no indicators for access Bib 382 has 2nd indicator for access/no access Goal is for these standards to be harmonized – work in progress!

224 Janis Young Library of Congress Making Proposals

225 LCMPT Submit proposals through the SACO Music Funnel – New terms – Revisions to existing terms

226 LCGFT PSD will start to accept proposals later this year – New terms – Revisions to existing terms Submit all proposals through the SACO Music Funnel?

227 SACO Music Funnel For information about the funnel – – Nancy Lorimer, funnel coordinator, at

228 Basic Requirements for Proposals Literary warrant – A work that requires the term – Research showing usage and definitions that appear in reference sources, such as The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments The Oxford Dictionary of Music The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians

229 Basic Requirements for Proposals Reference structure – Variant forms (UFs), if any – At least one hierarchical reference (BT) – A scope note if considered necessary

230 Basic Requirements for Proposals For now, follow the general rules in the Subject Headings Manual, especially: – H 306, Natural Language in Topical Subject Headings – H 315, Foreign Terms – H 357, Parenthetical Qualifiers in Subject Headings – H 370 & 373, UF and BT references – H 400, Scope Notes A separate manual for LCMPT and LCGFT is under development

231 By submitting proposals, you can help to maintain the viability of the vocabularies for future generations!

232 Questions??


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