Presentation on theme: "Peter and the Wolf by Sergei Prokofiev. Who is Sergei Prokofiev?"— Presentation transcript:
Peter and the Wolf by Sergei Prokofiev
Who is Sergei Prokofiev?
Sergei Prokofiev was born in Sontsovka, Russia on 23 April If he were still alive today, he would be 123 years old! When he died on 5 March 1953, he was living in Moscow, Russia. How old was he when he died?
The red balloon shows the approximate location of Sontsovka, where Prokofiev was born. Can you find Moscow on the map? What other countries are nearby?
Prokofiev was a pianist and a composer. He traveled many places to study and write music, such as: Russia at the St. Petersburg Conservatory London, England United States France Moscow, Russia
He composed operas, ballets, film scores, orchestral music, chamber music, piano music and vocal music. "Peter and the Wolf" is orchestral music. This means it is played by an orchestra.
Lesson 1 - The instruments of the orchestra EQ: How can you compare the instruments of the orchestra?
Why did Prokofiev write "Peter and the Wolf?" The director at the Moscow Children's Musical Theater invited Prokofiev to write something. Here's what he said about it in his diary:
"In the spring of 1936, I started a symphonic tale for children titled 'Peter and the Wolf,' Op. 67, to a text of my own. Every character in the story had its own motif played each time by the same instrument... Before each performance, the instruments were shown to the children and the themes played for them; during the performance, the children heard the themes repeated several times and learned to recognize the timbres of the different instruments. The text was read during the pauses in the music... for me, the story was important only as a means of inducing the children to listen to the music."
Definition break! opus (Op.) = when followed by a number, it identifies the chronology of the composition motif = recurring succession of notes used to construct a theme timbre = characteristics of sound that help you identify different instruments playing the same note
Let's listen to the themes for each character we will meet in Peter and the Wolf and see the instruments that play them.
The flute as the bird. The flute is a member of the woodwind family of instruments. Woodwind instruments, by definition, are made of wood and sounded by air.
Does it look like the flute is made of wood?
The oboe as the duck. The oboe is also a member of the woodwind family of instruments. It is played with a double reed.
The clarinet as the cat. The clarinet is a member of the woodwind family of instruments. It is played with a single reed.
The bassoon as the grandfather. The bassoon is a member of the woodwind family of instruments. Let's look and see if it is a single or double reed instrument!
The French horns as the wolf. The french horn is a member of the brass family of instruments.
Brass instruments are made of a brass or a silver tube that flares into a bell at the end. They have cupped mouthpieces and usually have valves or slides.
Can you name all of the instruments? Can you identify the bell on each instrument? Which one has a slide instead of valves?
bell mouthpiece keys The French horn
The string quartet as Peter. There are four instruments in a string quartet and they are part of the string family.
String instruments produce sound by means of vibrating strings. The string instruments in the orchestra can include: violin, viola, cello, double bass, harp and the piano.
The String Family s mallest (highest sounding) to the largest (lowest sounding): violin viola cello double bass
A string quartet usually consists of two violins, a viola and a cello. Which instrument of the string family is left out? Is that instrument the highest or the lowest sounding?
The timpani and bass drum as the rifle shots. The timpani and bass drum are both percussion instruments.
Percussion instruments are sounded by striking, shaking, plucking or scraping. Some percussion instruments produce a definite pitch and others do not. Let's listen to the sound of the timpani and bass drum.
Pitched chimes glockenspiel marimba steel drums xylophone Other percussion instruments in the orchestra Not Pitched cymbals snare drum gong Other finger cymbals ratchet tambourine triangle wood block
Let's answer the Essential Question: How can you compare the instruments of the orchestra?