3Sergei Prokofiev was born in Sontsovka, Russia on 23 April 1891. If he were still alive today, he would be 123 years old!When he died on 5 March 1953, he was living in Moscow, Russia.How old was he when he died?
4Can you find Moscow on the map? What other countries are nearby? The red balloon shows the approximate location of Sontsovka, where Prokofiev was born.Can you find Moscow on the map?What other countries are nearby?
5Prokofiev was a pianist and a composer. He traveled many places to study and write music, such as:Russia at the St. Petersburg ConservatoryLondon, EnglandUnited StatesFranceMoscow, Russia
6He composed operas, ballets, film scores, orchestral music, chamber music, piano music and vocal music."Peter and the Wolf" is orchestral music. This means it is played by an orchestra.
7Lesson 1 - The instruments of the orchestra EQ: How can you compare the instruments of the orchestra?
8Why did Prokofiev write "Peter and the Wolf?" The director at the Moscow Children's Musical Theater invited Prokofiev to write something. Here's what he said about it in his diary:
9"In the spring of 1936, I started a symphonic tale for children titled 'Peter and the Wolf,' Op. 67, to a text of my own. Every character in the story had its own motif played each time by the same instrument ... Before each performance, the instruments were shown to the children and the themes played for them; during the performance, the children heard the themes repeated several times and learned to recognize the timbres of the different instruments. The text was read during the pauses in the music ... for me, the story was important only as a means of inducing the children to listen to the music."
10Definition break!opus (Op.) = when followed by a number, it identifies the chronology of the compositionmotif = recurring succession of notes used to construct a themetimbre = characteristics of sound that help you identify different instruments playing the same note
11Let's listen to the themes for each character we will meet in Peter and the Wolf and see the instruments that play them.
12The flute as the bird.The flute is a member of the woodwind family of instruments.Woodwind instruments, by definition, are made of wood and sounded by air.
30A string quartet usually consists of two violins, a viola and a cello. Which instrument of the string family is left out?Is that instrument the highest or the lowest sounding?
31The timpani and bass drum as the rifle shots. The timpani and bass drum are both percussion instruments.
32Percussion instruments are sounded by striking, shaking, plucking or scraping. Some percussion instruments produce a definite pitch and others do not.Let's listen to the sound of the timpani and bass drum.