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Grammar Practice …. For the Heart, Mind and Spirit.

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1 Grammar Practice …. For the Heart, Mind and Spirit

2 Jo Gakonga and

3 Memorising procedures

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6 Creative automaticity? Pattern drills? Pattern drills? English grammar in use? English grammar in use?

7 Traditional substitution drill T: I ate the meat T: I ate the meat Sts: I ate the meat Sts: I ate the meat Teacher: I drank the water Teacher: I drank the water Sts: I drank the water Sts: I drank the water T: fish T: fish Sts I ate the fish Sts I ate the fish T: wine T: wine Sts: I drank the wine Sts: I drank the wine T: beer T: beer Sts: I drank the beer Sts: I drank the beer T: pizza T: pizza Sts I ate the pizza Sts I ate the pizza T: juice T: juice Sts: I drank the juice Sts: I drank the juice

8 Mindless gap filling? I ___________________ (see) the Eiffel Tower I ___________________ (see) the Eiffel Tower I ___________________ (eat) snake I ___________________ (eat) snake They ________________ (swim) They ________________ (swim) We _______________ (do) too many of these gap fill exercises We _______________ (do) too many of these gap fill exercises I ____________________ (do) lots of codswalloping I ____________________ (do) lots of codswalloping

9 Do you work….. outside? outside? wear a uniform? wear a uniform? use a tool? use a tool? use an instrument? use an instrument? in shifts? in shifts? with other people? with other people?

10 Techniques that promote creative automaticity: 1 Communicative – do a real task 1 Communicative – do a real task 2 Forced to listen – and react! 2 Forced to listen – and react! 3 Focused – on a small part of language 3 Focused – on a small part of language 4 Short + right for the level + can be used in different situations + they can be memorised 4 Short + right for the level + can be used in different situations + they can be memorised 5 A task which ensures learners repeat the language whilst at the same time being communicative 5 A task which ensures learners repeat the language whilst at the same time being communicative

11 Some common examples …. Class photo Class photo

12 Have you ever ….? NAME NAME 1 (act) in a play……………….. 1 (act) in a play……………….. 2 (drink) sake………………… 2 (drink) sake………………… 3 (sleep) all night on a beach ……………….. 3 (sleep) all night on a beach ……………….. 4 (visit) Africa ……………….. 4 (visit) Africa ……………….. 5 (eat) snake ……………….. 5 (eat) snake ……………….. 6 (live) outside Europe ……………….. 6 (live) outside Europe ……………….. 7 (go) Russia ……………….. 7 (go) Russia ……………….. 8 (be) arrested ……………….. 8 (be) arrested ……………….. 9 (meet) a famous person ……………….. 9 (meet) a famous person ……………….. 10 ????????? ……………….. 10 ????????? ………………..

13 do you …/can you … /are you … …fly? …fly? …lay eggs? …lay eggs? …have feathers …have feathers …have four legs? …have four legs? … have teeth? … have teeth? …run fast? …run fast? …a pet? …a pet?

14 Techniques that promote creative automaticity: 1 Communicative – do a real task 1 Communicative – do a real task 2 Forced to listen – and react! 2 Forced to listen – and react! 3 Focused – on a small part of language 3 Focused – on a small part of language 4 Short + right for the level + can be used in different situations + they can be memorised 4 Short + right for the level + can be used in different situations + they can be memorised 5 A task which ensures learners repeat the language whilst at the same time being communicative 5 A task which ensures learners repeat the language whilst at the same time being communicative 6 Some kind of pressure 6 Some kind of pressure 7 the emotions and/or the mind and/or the person should be engaged: in other words … 7 the emotions and/or the mind and/or the person should be engaged: in other words …

15 … the heart, the mind and the spirit

16 Jill and Charles Hadfield’s Creative Practice MET January 2012

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18 Warning Warning When I am an old woman I will wear purple With a red hat which doesn't go, and doesn't suit me. And I will spend my pension on brandy and summer gloves And satin sandals, and say we've no money for butter. I will sit down on the pavement when I'm tired And gobble up samples in shops and press alarm bells And run my stick along the public railings And make up for the sobriety of my youth. I will go out in my slippers in the rain And pick flowers in other people's gardens And learn to spit. But now we must have clothes that keep us dry And pay our rent and not swear in the street And set a good example for the children. We must have friends to dinner and read the papers. But maybe I ought to practice a little now? So people who know me are not too shocked and surprised When suddenly I am old, and start to wear purple. When I am an old woman I will wear purple With a red hat which doesn't go, and doesn't suit me. And I will spend my pension on brandy and summer gloves And satin sandals, and say we've no money for butter. I will sit down on the pavement when I'm tired And gobble up samples in shops and press alarm bells And run my stick along the public railings And make up for the sobriety of my youth. I will go out in my slippers in the rain And pick flowers in other people's gardens And learn to spit. But now we must have clothes that keep us dry And pay our rent and not swear in the street And set a good example for the children. We must have friends to dinner and read the papers. But maybe I ought to practice a little now? So people who know me are not too shocked and surprised When suddenly I am old, and start to wear purple. Jenny Joseph Jenny Joseph

19 I’ll definitely I’ll definitely I’ll probably I might I’ll I’ll

20 I’ll definitely I definitely won’t I’ll definitely I definitely won’t I’ll probably I probably won’t I might I might not I might I might not I’ll I won’t I’ll I won’t

21 Learner poems: When I’m old … When I’m old I won’t be quiet and I’ll bother my neighbours. I might have a toy boy.

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23 When I’m old … When we are old we shall definitely do many crazy and dangerous things. When we are old we shall definitely do many crazy and dangerous things. We will wear full make-up from morning and we will spend our money for a face lift We will wear full make-up from morning and we will spend our money for a face lift

24 When I’m old … When I’m old I’ll be an honarable person. When I’m old I’ll be an honarable person. I’ll definitely lede the people and I’ll be self-confident. I’ll definitely lede the people and I’ll be self-confident.

25 Present perfect for experience I’ve never been to India I’ve never been to India I’ve never been to France I’ve never been to France I’ve never eaten frog’s legs I’ve never eaten frog’s legs And I’ve never learnt to dance. And I’ve never learnt to dance. I’ve always lived in Malta I’ve always lived in Malta I’ve never been abroad I’ve never been abroad I’ve always lived at home I’ve always lived at home And I’m getting rather bored. And I’m getting rather bored.

26 Rhyming countries France trance / dance France trance / dance The States weights / mates The States weights / mates Wales gales / whales / males Wales gales / whales / males Spain/Ukraine rain / fame / game Spain/Ukraine rain / fame / game Greece geese / fleece Greece geese / fleece Bahamas bananas Bahamas bananas Chad bad / sad / mad Chad bad / sad / mad Congo bongo Congo bongo Hong Kong gong / ding dong Hong Kong gong / ding dong Peru you hoo / boo hoo / blue / you Peru you hoo / boo hoo / blue / you Thailand island / my land Thailand island / my land Malta …. Malta …. Walter / falter / alter / Walter / falter / alter /

27 I’ve never been in Ireland. But I’ve been in love with Irish man. He had a huge talent to gain women’s favour, but he was so mean. He inculcated in me a taste for art and love for adventure. Our love story was bright and unforgettable, but it finished with a phrase “I’m sorry”. At parting he gave me a kiss with an fragrant of Irish legend. I’ve never been in Ireland. But I’ve been in love with Irish man. He had a huge talent to gain women’s favour, but he was so mean. He inculcated in me a taste for art and love for adventure. Our love story was bright and unforgettable, but it finished with a phrase “I’m sorry”. At parting he gave me a kiss with an fragrant of Irish legend. I’ve never been in Italy. But I’ve been in love with Italian. He’s been very clever, he’s known many languages, but he’s been so nervous and so fault- finding person. Well, we let as part friends. He gave me in memory (or gave me as keepsake?) the 33 recipes for Italian pasta and one recipe for happiness. I’ve never been in Italy. But I’ve been in love with Italian. He’s been very clever, he’s known many languages, but he’s been so nervous and so fault- finding person. Well, we let as part friends. He gave me in memory (or gave me as keepsake?) the 33 recipes for Italian pasta and one recipe for happiness. I’ve never been in Spain. I’ve never been in Spain. But I’ve been head-over-heels in love with Spaniard. He’s been extremely generous and kind. I thought that fortuna smaled on me, but he’d been in my city just for few weeks. He left for me a lot of presents and phone number which never answer. But I’ve been head-over-heels in love with Spaniard. He’s been extremely generous and kind. I thought that fortuna smaled on me, but he’d been in my city just for few weeks. He left for me a lot of presents and phone number which never answer. I’ve never been in Portugal … I’ve never been in Portugal … I’ve never been in Norway … I’ve never been in Norway … I’ve never been in France … I’ve never been in France … But ones I met him and he taught me to love a life and be grateful. He gave me self-confidence and opened at me a woman. But ones I met him and he taught me to love a life and be grateful. He gave me self-confidence and opened at me a woman. Now I think: “There is a really journey – to be in love. Not important where you are, most important with who you are.” Now I think: “There is a really journey – to be in love. Not important where you are, most important with who you are.” Jo Gakonga’s Pre-intermediate learner Jo Gakonga’s Pre-intermediate learner

28 Scott Thornbury: An A-Z of ELT

29 Perfect poetry

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32 Practice for the mind …

33 Quiz Time! Answer these questions in your group. Stand up when all your group has got all the answers! Answer these questions in your group. Stand up when all your group has got all the answers! 1War and Peace was written by …………. 1War and Peace was written by …………. 2 Romeo and Juliet was sung by ……… in Romeo and Juliet was sung by ……… in The Kiss (Der Kuss) was painted by ….. 3The Kiss (Der Kuss) was painted by ….. 4……….. leaves are eaten by koala bears 4……….. leaves are eaten by koala bears 5The Chinese New Year is celebrated 5The Chinese New Year is celebrated between late …….. and the first half of …… between late …….. and the first half of …… 6Last Year’s (season 2011/12) Champions League 6Last Year’s (season 2011/12) Champions League Final in club football was won by …… Final in club football was won by …… 7The Twilight Saga books (New Moon, Eclipse, Breaking Dawn) were written by ………. 7The Twilight Saga books (New Moon, Eclipse, Breaking Dawn) were written by ……….

34 Passive: what it looks like Subject [BE] Past participle Subject [BE] Past participle Eucalyptus leaves am/is/are eaten Eucalyptus leaves am/is/are eaten War and Peace was/were written War and Peace was/were written Romeo and Juliet sung Romeo and Juliet sung The Kiss painted The Kiss painted The League won The League won

35 Where in the world would you be if…… Where in the world would you be if…… 1 … you were strolling down the Ku’ Damm? 1 … you were strolling down the Ku’ Damm? 2 … you were visiting this monument? Name of monument and city? 2 … you were visiting this monument? Name of monument and city? 3 … you were eating in Trastevere? 3 … you were eating in Trastevere? 4 … you were in Africa’s largest country? And what is its capital? 4 … you were in Africa’s largest country? And what is its capital? 5 … you were in the country he was killed in? (country) 5 … you were in the country he was killed in? (country) 6 … you had some fenek on your plate? 6 … you had some fenek on your plate?

36 7… you were in a city which is partly in Europe and partly in Asia? 7… you were in a city which is partly in Europe and partly in Asia? 8 … you were visiting here? 8 … you were visiting here? 9 … you were watching an opera here (city)? 9 … you were watching an opera here (city)? 10 … if the locals were celebrating the Day of the Dead? 10 … if the locals were celebrating the Day of the Dead?

37 Quiz Time! There are 50 states in the USA. There are 50 states in the USA. Riyadh is the capital of South America. Riyadh is the capital of South America.

38 Quiz: Team A 1 An insect has got 6 legs. 1 An insect has got 6 legs. 2 The longest river in Europe is the Volga. 2 The longest river in Europe is the Volga. 3 Quito is the capital of Ecuador. 3 Quito is the capital of Ecuador. 4 Mickey Mouse has got four fingers. 4 Mickey Mouse has got four fingers. 5 The ancient city of Petra is in Jordan. 5 The ancient city of Petra is in Jordan.

39 Quiz: Team B 1 A spider has got eight legs. 1 A spider has got eight legs. 2 The capital of Colombia is Bogota. 2 The capital of Colombia is Bogota. 3 Alaska is the largest state in the USA. 3 Alaska is the largest state in the USA. 4 Greenland is the largest island in the world. 4 Greenland is the largest island in the world. 5 There are 11 players in a cricket team. 5 There are 11 players in a cricket team.

40 Have you ever ….? NAME NAME 1 (act) in a play……………….. 1 (act) in a play……………….. 2 (drink) sake………………… 2 (drink) sake………………… 3 (sleep) all night on a beach ……………….. 3 (sleep) all night on a beach ……………….. 4 (visit) Africa ……………….. 4 (visit) Africa ……………….. 5 (eat) snake ……………….. 5 (eat) snake ……………….. 6 (live) outside Europe ……………….. 6 (live) outside Europe ……………….. 7 (go) Russia ……………….. 7 (go) Russia ……………….. 8 (be) arrested? ……………….. 8 (be) arrested? ……………….. 9 (meet) a famous person ……………….. 9 (meet) a famous person ……………….. 10 ????????? ……………….. 10 ????????? ………………..

41 Your teacher’s name _________ TrueTFalseF I was right √ I was wrong X 1 likes vegetables 2 has a pet 3 wears socks in bed 4 goes to bed after 11pm 5 has a Wii 6 sings in the shower 7 logs on to a computer every day 8 watches TV every day 9 goes to school by bus bus

42 Your partner’s name _________ TrueTFalseF I was right √ I was wrong X 1 often wears trainers 2 sometimes sings in the bath 3 always wears socks in bed 4 sometimes writes an to a friend 5 never plays on a Playstation 6 always does their homework 7 chats on computer every day 8 usually does some sport at the weekend 9 always watches TV after dinner

43 Your partner’s name _________ TrueTFalseF I was right √ I was wrong X 1 often goes to the cinema 2 always goes to bed before midnight 3 eats chocolate every day 4 usually does the washing up 5 never tells a lie 6 chats online every day 7 sometimes listens to old music 8 often goes to the cinema 9 usually wears jeans at the weekend

44 She’s writing a letter She’s writing a letter At this very moment: At this very moment: My mum/dad/brother/sister/boyfriend/girlfriend/best friend.. My mum/dad/brother/sister/boyfriend/girlfriend/best friend.. My headmaster / My boss My headmaster / My boss Wayne Rooney (Steven Gerrard/Luigi Buffon/…..) Wayne Rooney (Steven Gerrard/Luigi Buffon/…..) The Pope… The Pope… Megan Fox / Justin Bieber/ Angelina Jolie /Brad Pitt… Megan Fox / Justin Bieber/ Angelina Jolie /Brad Pitt… Barak Obama (anybody famous in the news at the moment) Barak Obama (anybody famous in the news at the moment) Going to Sometime soon ….. Going to Sometime soon ….. Can/can’t Can/can’t If … could ….. I’d….. If … could ….. I’d….. I wish...had/hadn’t I wish...had/hadn’t If … had/hadn’t…., I’d/wouldn’t have ….. If … had/hadn’t…., I’d/wouldn’t have ….. Have / has [done] …. Have / has [done] …. Used to Used to

45 One of us One of us Two of us has/have ………………….. Two of us has/have ………………….. Three of us Three of us None of us None of us can can has/have got has/have got is/are going to is/are going to used to used to would like to would like to would never would never

46 Personal Dictation I used to ………………………………………………………... I used to ………………………………………………………... I wish I………………………………………………………….. I wish I………………………………………………………….. I have…………………………………………………………… I have…………………………………………………………… I have never…………………………………………………….. I have never…………………………………………………….. After this workshop, I’m going to…………………………….. After this workshop, I’m going to…………………………….. If I had the money, I’d………………………………………… If I had the money, I’d………………………………………… Recently I’ve been thinking of………..……………………….. Recently I’ve been thinking of………..……………………….. One day I’d like to …………………………………………….. One day I’d like to …………………………………………….. One of my favourite books was written by…………………. One of my favourite books was written by………………….

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48 Years of my life and the life of my countries Did ……? Was X born in….? / Were you born in..?

49 If I were … an animal, I …. an animal, I …. a colour, I …. a colour, I …. a member of the opposite sex, I … a member of the opposite sex, I …

50 Romeo and Juliet have a thing for each other … Romeo and Juliet have a thing for each other …

51 Their families don’t get on …

52 In Romeo’s house: In Romeo’s house: R’s Mum: Darling? R’s Mum: Darling? R’s Dad: Yes? R’s Dad: Yes? R’s Mum: Romeo kissed … Juliet! R’s Mum: Romeo kissed … Juliet! R’s Dad: Who did Romeo kiss? R’s Dad: Who did Romeo kiss? R’s Mum: Juliet! R’s Mum: Juliet! R’s Dad: What??!!! R’s Dad: What??!!!

53 In Juliet’s house: In Juliet’s house: J’s Mum: Darling? J’s Mum: Darling? J’s Dad: Yes? J’s Dad: Yes? J’s Mum: Romeo kissed … Juliet! J’s Mum: Romeo kissed … Juliet! J’s Dad: Who kissed Juliet? J’s Dad: Who kissed Juliet? J’s Mum: Romeo! J’s Mum: Romeo! J’s Dad: What??!!! J’s Dad: What??!!!

54 In Romeo’s house: In Romeo’s house: R’s Mum: ……………? R’s Mum: ……………? R’s Dad: …? R’s Dad: …? R’s Mum: Romeo …… !! R’s Mum: Romeo …… !! R’s Dad: Who ….. Romeo ….? R’s Dad: Who ….. Romeo ….? R’s Mum: Juliet! R’s Mum: Juliet! R’s Dad: ……….??!!! R’s Dad: ……….??!!!

55 In Juliet’s house: In Juliet’s house: J’s Mum: ……..? J’s Mum: ……..? J’s Dad: …..? J’s Dad: …..? J’s Mum: Romeo …………..…!! J’s Mum: Romeo …………..…!! J’s Dad: Who ….. Juliet? J’s Dad: Who ….. Juliet? J’s Mum: Romeo! J’s Mum: Romeo! J’s Dad: ……….??!!! J’s Dad: ……….??!!!

56 Who …..? Who kissed Juliet? Romeo Who kissed Juliet? Romeo Romeo Romeo Subject Subject Who did Romeo kiss? Juliet Who did Romeo kiss? JulietJuliet Object Object

57 Phone calls: oral practice Lady Gaga Lady Gaga Ronaldo The Pope Angelina Jolie Angelina Jolie Who phoned …..? Why? Who did ….. phone? Why?

58 Written Practice Who/write/ the Beatles songs? Who/write/ the Beatles songs? Who/ Princess Diana/marry? Who/ Princess Diana/marry? Who/ invent /telephone? Who/ invent /telephone? What /say/ the first man on the moon? What /say/ the first man on the moon? What kind of music / Pavarotti / sing? What kind of music / Pavarotti / sing?

59 … the heart, the mind and the spirit

60 Resources etc English Teaching Professional English Teaching Professional Modern English Teacher Modern English Teacher An A-Z of ELT An A-Z of ELT scottthornbury.wordpress.com scottthornbury.wordpress.com


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