2Indirect SpeechVorbirea indirecta presupune repetarea a ceea ce s-a scris sau s-a spus intr-o comunicare.Se considera transformarile de pe slide-urile urmatoare doar atunci cand verbul de raportat este la un timp trecut.Atunci cand verbul este la prezent, timpurile din propozitiile care se raporteaza raman neschimbate.
4Transformari vb. directa vb. indirecta Will =>Would =>Shall =>Should =>Can =>Could =>May =>Might =>Must =>WouldShouldCouldMightMust
5Transformari vb. directa vb. indirecta HereThereNowThenTodayThat dayYesterdayThe day before/ the previous day2 days/ 3 years (etc.)ago2 months/ 3 years (etc.) beforeLast month/ year etc.A (the) month/ year (etc.) before;The previous month/ yearTomorrowThe next day/ the following dayNext year/summer etc.The next year/summer etc.
6exemple Present Simple “I don’t want this book.”, he said Present Continuous“She’s working hard for this presentation”, I told my manager.(is working =>(this =>Past SimpleHe said he didn’t want that bookdidn’t want)that)Past ContinuousI told my manager (that) she was working hard for that presentationwas working)That)
7exemplePast Simple“Tom gave up his job yesterday”, my brother informed me.(gave up =>(yesterday =>Present Perfect Simple“I have written a poem”, she exclaimed.(have written =>Past Perfect Simple“I had forgotten my wallet”, he explained.(had forgotten =>(my =>Past Perfect SimpleMy brother informed me (that) Tom had given up his job the previous day.had given up)the previous day)She exclaimed (that) she had written a poem.had written)He explained he had forgotten his wallet.had forgotten)his)
8exemple Past Continuous “I was reading the book at this time yesterday”,she said.(was reading =>(this =>Present Perfect Continuous“My mum has been calling you since lunch time”, he told me.(my =>(has been calling =>(you =>Past Perfect Continuous“I had been repairing the car for one hour before your arrival”, he claimed.(I =>(had been repairing =>(your =>Past Perfect ContinuousShe said she had been reading the newspaper at that time yesterday.had been reading)that)He told me his mum had been calling me since lunch time.his)had been calling)me)He claimed he had been repairing the car for one hour before my arrival.he)had been repairing)my)
9exemple Will “She will do it”, I exclaimed. “I will have finished by then”, he said.Would“I would like a piece of cake”, he said.Should“You should take care”, he told me.WouldI exclaimed that she would do it.He said he would have finished by then.He said (that) he would like a piece of cake.ShouldHe told me (that) I should take care.
10exemple Can “My brother can swim”, she boasted. May “You may go there”, I told my boy.Might“It might rain tonight”, I said.Must“You musn’t eat that”, he told her.CouldShe boasted her brother could swim.MightI told my boy he might go there.I said it might rain that night.MustHe told her she mustn’t eat that.
11“Why are you going there?”, he asked. “Where do you live?”, she asked. Intrebari – atentie la ordinea cuvintelor!!! (din interogativ trece in afirmativ)“Why are you going there?”, he asked.“Where do you live?”, she asked.“Has she been there?”, my mum wondered.“Who are you?”, she asked him.He asked why I was going there.She asked where I lived.My mum wondered if she had been there.She asked him who he was.
12Infinitive, exclamatii “Type these letters”, the boss told his secretary.“Don’t go there!”, I told my boy.“What a nice morning!”, she exclaimed.“Congratulations!”, he told his wife.“Taxi!”, he shouted.“Merry Christmas!”, she told us.The boss told his secretary to type those letters.I told my boy not to go there.She exclaimed that the morning was nice.He congratulated his wife.He called a taxi.She wished us Merry Christmas.