2Definitionmanufacture of iron goods, refers to the range of mechanical and moving items which enable a door to be opened, closed and locked.The essential items of iron mongery for external door are hinges to hang the door and a lock mechanism.Many external door will require a latches to enable the door to be closed.
3Main Components of iron mongery HingesDoor closers & ChecksLocks & LatchesKnob, Lever & Pull handlesBolts
4Types of Hinges Parliamentary Hinge Back Flap Hinge Pin Hinge Hinges – a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to other.Parliamentary HingePin HingeRising Butt HingeStrap HingeSpring HingeBack Flap HingeButt HingeCounter Flap HingeGarnet HingeNar-Madi Hinge
5Back Flap Hinge This hinges are used where the shutters are thin These are fixed to the back side of the shutters and the frame.Used for heavy cabinet work, steel base material, with screws included.
6Butt HingeThese types of hinges are commonly used for fixing doors & window shutters to the frame.The flanges of hinge are made of cast iron, mallcable iron or steel, with counter sunk holes.Flange or hinge is screwed to the rebate of the frame.Normally used for door in the places where the doors should look elegant and make you feel welcome.
7Counter Flap Finge This hinge is formed in 3 parts & has 2 centres. Hence the 2 leaves can be folded back to back.
8Parliamentary Hinge Is used to enable door to fold back. It projects from the face of this frame.
9Garnet Hinge Also known as T-shutter Has a long arm which is screwed to the shutter.Also has a short arm or plate which is screwed to the door frame.The hinge is used for ledged & battened doors, ledged & braced door, etc.
10Nar-Madi Hinge Used for heavy doors The flange or strap the hinge is fixed to the door shutter while the pin on which the strap rotates is fixed to the frame.
11Pin Hinge Also used for heavy door-shutters The centre pin of the hinge can be removed.The 2 leaves or straps of the hinge can be fixed separately to the frame & the shutter.
12Rising Butt HingeSuch a hinge is provided with helical nickel joints, due to which the shutter is raised by 10mm on being opened.The door is closed automatically.Such hinges are used for doors of rooms having carpets, etc.They are used in place of ordinary butt hinges.
13Strap Hinge Substitute of a garnet or T-hinge Also used for ledged & braced doors.For heavy doors such as garages, gates, etc.
14Spring HingesSingle acting or double acting spring hinges are used for swinging doors.Single acting hinge is used when the shutter opens only in one direction.Double acting hinge is used when the shutter swing in both directions.The door closed automatically due to spring action.
15Other examples of hinge:- Concealed hingeContinuous or Piano HingeFlush hingeFriction hingeBarrel hingeConcealed hingePiano hingeFlush hingeBarrel hingeFriction hinge
17Door Closers & ChecksThe closing action of doors can be controlled by the fixing of checks mechanisms on the top of the face to the door & the door frame head.This type of closer is adjustable to balance the weight of the door & is much less expensive than the pivot floor spring control.Available in double & single action patterns, handed and reversible.
18LOCK AND LATCHESLocks – spring-loaded door locked that can only be opened from the outside with the key.
23KNOB Available in a wide range of shape & finishes. Provide a neat & strong specificationAvailable in bronze & aluminium.Rim knobsGlass door knobsMortice knobs
24Crystal door knobsCentre door knobsPorcelain knobs
25LEVER & PULL HANDLEMuch easier to operate & some have an end turned into the face to further assist the grip.Must be well designed & strongly constructed since the lever arm produce considerable strain on the lock or latch mechanism.