Presentation on theme: "Food and Nutrition Unit 4 Kitchen Organization Tonja Bolding Lakeside High School Revised 2008."— Presentation transcript:
Food and Nutrition Unit 4 Kitchen Organization Tonja Bolding Lakeside High School Revised 2008
4.1 Match terms related to kitchen organization 1. work center - section in a kitchen that has been designed around a specific activity. 2. work triangle- imaginary triangle formed by the refrigerator, stove and sink. These are the focal points of the major work centers in a kitchen.
4.2 Describe kitchen work centers (section in a kitchen that has been designed around a specific activity) Cold Storage Center refrigerator and freezer container with lids plastic wrap, freezer wrap, foil zip-lock bags, freezer bags
Food Storage pantry space for dry goods canned foods boxed items staple items flour, sugar, meal never store chemicals with food
Clean-up Center Work done in this sink area includes food cleaning and dishwashing vegetable brush paring knives and peelers dish towels and cloths scouring pads and scrubbers dish liquid, dishwasher detergent
Mixing Center Area for mixing and preparing foods minimum of 36” counter space mixing bowls electric mixer, food processors measuring equipment
Cooking Center includes the stove/range/oven 24” counter space on at least one side of the range utensils, cookware, ovenware storage
Planning Center Considered as an “additional work center”, not all kitchens have this as a separate space cookbooks, recipes, telephone computer
4.3 Identify types of kitchen floor plans U-Shape Plan This efficient, versatile plan usually puts one workstation on each of three walls. Pros: Storage and counter space on three sides maximize efficiency, and the dead-end floor plan ensures that traffic doesn't interrupt the work triangle. Cons: This isn't the best plan for entertaining or for accommodating multiple cooks, however. The versatile U-shape plan. The versatile U-shape plan.
L-Shape Plan The L-shape plan puts two workstations on one wall and the third on an adjacent wall. Pros: This layout is more space- efficient than a U-shape plan, especially if the main workstations are located close to the crook of the L. Cons: Not well-suited to small spaces. Be sure to allow adequate open counter space between the two workstations that share the same wall -- at least 4 feet.
Peninsula The peninsula kitchen is also a good design, for larger kitchens. Similar to the U-Shaped kitchen Pros: It provides lots of counter space & plenty of room for two cooks. Eliminates household traffic through the kitchen. A wide bar top can be added to provide seating & eating Cons: An open design will mean less upper cabinets. peninsula
Island Plan The island floor plan features a freestanding workstation, usually incorporating either the sink or cook top. Pros: This plan works best for large kitchens in which the work triangle would exceed the 21-foot rule if all three workstations were located against walls. Cons: Island plans are not well- suited to kitchens where two work stations must be on opposite walls.
Galley/Corridor Plan Parallel walls mark the style of this plan. Pros: The compact floor plan is ideal for small spaces. Parallel walls let the cook move easily from one workstation to another. Cons: The biggest drawback is that the work triangle is in the traffic path unless one doorway is closed off. Another negative is lack of a handy gathering spot for kids or guests.
One-Wall Plan Most often seen in vacation homes and small apartments. They work best when the sink is in the center, flanked by the refrigerator and cook top. Pros: This floor plan is the most space-saving. Cons: One-wall plans are the least efficient for the cook. Because there is usually a door at each end, through traffic is a common problem.
4.4 Explain the work triangle A work triangle is the imaginary triangle formed by the refrigerator, stove and sink. The total length of the three sides commonly fall between 8-22 ft.
4.5 Name principles of kitchen storage FIFO: first in first out use older items before using newly purchased Buy only what you need just because it is on sale doesn’t mean you will use it Think about the task you are likely to do in each center and store the items where you will be using them. consider your work centers when you plan storage Store the items you will use often in the most convenient places. items you use daily should be to the front of the cabinets