3 Causes of the Reformation Renaissance emphasis on the secular and individual challenged church authorityPrinting Press spread secular ideasKing didn’t like the church trying to control themPeople tired of paying papal taxes
4 Problems with the Catholic Church 1. Critics of the Church claimed its leaders were corrupt2. Popes of the Renaissance spent way too much money on worldly affairs.One ceremony cost 1/7 of savingsPope Leo X- Most extravagant Pope. Spent huge sums of money on art and parties.“Since God has given us the papacy, let us enjoy it.”
5 Problems with the Catholic Church Lower church officials were not very goodPoorly educatedMarriedGamblingDrinking
6 Indulgences Leo X wanted to remodel St. Peter’s Basilica He needed moneyTo do this he had church officials sell indulgences- pardon for the commission of a sinBasically a get out of hell free card
7 What is an Indulgence?Indulgence= a Pardon, forgiveness for wrong doing.Who would he sell them to?Sinners- release them from fault.Buy them for your relativesEspecially if they were dead and needed help in the afterlifeBuy them for future sinsThat would be the way to plan ahead.Can you See a problem?????
8 Who was Martin Luther Son of a Miner German Monk Professor at the University of WittenbergResented the Pope’s official, Johan Tetzel, selling indulgences
9 Taking a Stand!!!!October 31,1517 Martin Luther nails his 95 Theses to the Wittenburg Church Doors.Protesting the acts of the Church.Wanted a debate, but got a revolutionIf you havin’ church problems I feel bad for you son, I got 95 problems and the pope is one!
10 Three Basic Teachings of Luther 1.People could win salvation only by faith in God’s gift of forgiveness. “Salvation by Faith”2. All people of faith were equal, therefore people could read and interpret the bible for themselves3. All Church teachings should be based on the bible.
11 The Pope’s Threat1520 Pope Leo X threatened Martin Luther with excommunication from the church unless he recanted his statementsLuther refused to recant and publicly burnt the Pope’s decree condemning himPope Leo X then excommunicates Martin LutherDo not pass go, do not collect $200, go straight to hell.
12 Luther becomes an outlaw 1. Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, controlled Germany.Issued the Edict of Worms- declared Luther an Outlaw and a Heretic. No one could aid LutherLuther goes into hiding and translates the Bible into German
13 Lutherans Were Born Priests became ministers. Wear normal clothes Services led in German instead of Latin.Clergy were free to wed.
14 The Peasants Revoltpeasants take Luther’s ideas of Christian Freedom to heart and demand an end to serfdom2. Peasants roam the countryside raiding monasteries, churches, etc3. Luther horrified. Calls for their destruction100,000 dead. Many lose faith in Luther
16 How did we get Protestants? Many princes of Germany support Luther, therefore they seized property from church and independence from Charles VBecome known as Protestants- Christians who belong to non-catholic churchesCharles V wins, but couldn’t unite the church1555- Peace of Augsburg- the ruler of each German state can pick the religion of his state
17 Differences Between Catholics and Protestants Faith AloneBible as interpreted by each individualPriesthood of believers, priests can marry, select own ministerSimple service in the vernacular, 2 sacraments (Lords Supper and Baptism)CatholicsFaith, Sacraments, Good WorksThe Bible as interpreted by the ChurchPriests appointed by Church and cannot marryElaborate Mass, Service in Latin, 7 SacramentsSalvationAuthorityClergyWorship