2WOULD HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE We state a condition in the past by usingIF + PAST PERFECTWe talk about what would have happened if that condition had been met by using the constructionWOULD HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE
3Let´s check it! WOULDN’T If you had taken an umbrella, you ___________ ________________ completely wet. (get/not)Samantha wouldn’t have helped James if he __________________ first. (ask)If Chandler _____________ rude to Joey, he would have taken Chandler to the show. (be)“That test was very difficult. If I hadn’t studied hard, I _______________________ . (pass/not)Where _______________________ if it hadn’t rained that much? (go)WOULDN’THAVE GOTTENHADN’T ASKEDHADN’T BEENWOULDN’T HAVE PASSEDWOULD YOU HAVE GONE
4COULD HAVE/MIGHT HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE We useWhen we are talking about a possibility in the past that didn’t happen.COULD HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLEorMIGHT HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE
5Some sentences:I _____________________ that competition. But I didn’t train enough. (win)Pam ________________________ herself seriously. That was a terrible car wreck. (get)Joey ______________________ that part in that film if Chandler had given him the message. (get)Why didn’t you tell me that snake was poisonous? I ____________________ ! (die)We ________________________ the trip if Sam hadn’t gotten sick. (enjoy)COULD/MIGHT HAVE WONCOULD/MIGHT HAVE GOTTENCOULD/MIGHT HAVE GOTTENCOULD/MIGHT HAVE DIEDCOULD/MIGHT HAVE ENJOYED
6SHOULD HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE We use the constructionto indicate that a past action which was advisable was not performed.SHOULD HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE
7Let’s check it!Maggie __________________ that hot dog. Now she is sick. (eat/not)Mark __________________ harder. His boss decided to fire him. (work)Jane was late for school again. She ________________ the alarm clock. (set)I am in trouble. I ________________ the contract. (read)Monica ________________ the truth. Everyone is angry. (tell)SHOULDN’T HAVE EATENSHOULD HAVE WORKEDSHOULD HAVE SETSHOULD HAVE READSHOULD HAVE TOLD
8WISHWe use WISH followed by a form of the past tense to express a wish about the PRESENT.I wish I were home now.I wish I didn’t have so many things to do.WISHPRESENT
9Attention!After WISH, WERE is normally used instead of WAS with I, he, she, and it.I wish I were taller.She wishes she were a better cook.
10We use WISH followed by the past perfect tense to express a wish about the PAST. I wish I had saved some money so that I could travel with you.Silvia wishes she hadn’t been so rude to her boyfriend yesterday.WISHPAST
11Let’s check it! I wish I __________rich. I want to go to Europe. (be) I wish I __________________ all those things at the mall. Now I am totally broke. (not/buy)Ted wishes he _______________to study next Saturday but unfortunately he has a tough exam on Monday. (not/have)Oliver wishes he __________ a better stereo, but he doesn’t. (have)Thomas can’t find a good company to work at. He wishes he _____________ to college. (go)WEREHADN’T BOUGHTDIDN’T HAVEHADHAD GONE
12Remember!!!Your written exercise is due next week.