4WARM-UP ACTIVITYExample: I have a class today. I cannot go on a picnic with my family. I say: “ I wish I could go on a picnic with my family”.Write down things that you are not happy about. Tell your partner what you wish.
5I WISH/IF ONLY + past simple FORMSI WISH/IF ONLY + past simpleUsed to express a wish or regret about a current situation, by imagining the opposite.Ex:I wish I knew the answer. (In fact, I do not know the answer)If only she were here . (In fact, she is not here)
6I WISH/IF ONLY+ past perfect FORMSI WISH/IF ONLY+ past perfectUsed for a past wish or regret.Ex:I wish I had told my mom the truth. (I did not tell her the truth)If only she had been put in the same class with me. (She wasn’t put in the same class with me)
7FORMSNotes:“Were “ is often used instead of “was” after wish and if only.Ex: I wish Lucy were here.As if/ As though are often used in similar situations:Ex: He treats me as if I were a child.
8Make wishes from the pictures PRACTICEMake wishes from the picturesI wish I had some money with me.
11PRACTICEExpress a wish or regret about these facts. Use the words in brackets.I don’t speak English fluently. (wish)You speak very fast. I don’t understand. (If)I’m an only child. (wish)We don’t have enough money for a holiday. (If only)I get up at six o’clock every morning. I have to go to work. (wouldn’t/if)I didn’t learn to ski until I was forty. I’m not very good. (If)
13If S+ simple present, S +simple present. TYPE 0Used to talk about things which are always true — such as scientific facts and general truthsForm:Example:If it rains, the grass gets wet.Wood doesn't burn if there is no air.If S+ simple present, S +simple present.
14If S + simple present, S + simple future (will/ shall+ V) TYPE 1Used to talk about things which are possible in the present or the future — things which may happenForm:Example:If it's sunny, we'll go to the park.If you cook the supper, I'll wash the dishes.If S + simple present, S + simple future (will/ shall+ V)
15If S + simple past, S + would + V TYPE 2Used to talk about things which are unreal (not true or not possible) in the present or the future -- things which don't or won't happenForm:Example:If I were you, I would drive more carefully in the rain.If I had a million dollars, I would buy a big house.If S + simple past, S + would + V
16If S + past perfect, S would have + V3/Ved TYPE 3Used to talk about things which DID NOT HAPPEN in the past.Form:Example:If I had studied harder, I probably would have passed the exam.If you had driven more carefully, you would not have had an accident.If S + past perfect, S would have + V3/Ved
17MixedSometimes Unreal Conditional sentences are mixed. This means that the time in the if-clause is not the same as the time in the result.Example:If I had won the lottery, I would be rich. (But I didn't win the lottery in the past and I am not rich now.)If I didn't have so much vacation time, I wouldn't go with you on the cruise to Alaska next week. (But I do have a lot of vacation time and I will go on the trip next week.)
18If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils. PRACTICEForm sentences from pictures using conditionalsWater/heat to 1000/boilIf you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils.
19If it is sunny, we will go to the park. sunny/ go to the parkIf it is sunny, we will go to the park.
20QUIZHere is the fortune-teller’s predictions for a race. Who does she think will win?Jake will come first if Howard comes third.If Howard comes third, Pete will come second.Pete won’t come second if Jake comes first.Howard will come first if Pete comes third.Pete will not come third if Jake comes second.If Jake comes third, Pete will come first.Howard will come second if Jake comes third.PETE
21OTHER EXPRESSIONS It is (high) time that S+ simple past If only= I wishI’d rather you + simple pastI’d rather you + Past perfectEX:It is high time that you knew the truth.Ifonly I were rich.I’d rather you didn’t smoke. (Now you smoke)I’d rather you hadn’t lied to me. (You lied to me)
22PRACTICE If only Fill in the blank with the appropriate word(s): __________I were left alone on a desert island, what would I do?We ___________you came tomorrow than today.It is _________they arrived.__________this room were a little larger.__________ it were true, what would happen?Supposingwould ratherhigh timeIf onlySupposing