Presentation on theme: "Conditionals & I wish/ if only Yusuf UYAR. Zero Conditional if + present simple Present simple If it rains, you get wet. If you select reverse gear, the."— Presentation transcript:
Zero Conditional if + present simple Present simple If it rains, you get wet. If you select reverse gear, the car goes backwards. If the camera is on, a red light appears. First Conditional İf + present simple Will + verb If I’m hungry, I will have lunch. If I pass the class, I will go on holiday. Second Conditional if + past simple Would + verb I would buy a Ferrari if I had one million dollars. If I were you, I would apologize. Third Conditional if + past perfect Would have V3 If I had seen you, I would have informed about the trip. I would have been rich if I hadn’t quit playing soccer.
We use the zero conditional to talk about general truths. If you press the button, the machine switches off. Water if the temperature falls below zero. If he 's angry, his face always bright red. If you put your money in a saving account, you ten per interest. The radio if the batteries are flat. goesfreezes doesn’t work get
We use the first conditional to talk about possible things in the future. If Philippe propose a marriage to Jane, she will accept it. If Candan attends the meeting, I won’t be there. China and Russia will launch an assault if opposing forces of the U.S.A attack Iran. If you pay enough money, you will be offered a good cruise holiday. Both parts of the conditional sentence here are talking about the future. Although we don’t use future tense in the part with “if” You may use other modals instead of will. If you want, you can come. If it is true, I may let you go.
We use the second conditional for events and situations which are unlikely, imaginary or impossible. What would you do if you were the president of Turkey? If I flew over the buildings, everybody would be jealous of me. If I were in your shoes, I would change my mind. So many things would change if we had 48 hours in a day. We often use if + were instead of if + was with the pronouns “she, he, it and I” If your father were here, he would be angry. If it were a lie, I wouldn’t be surprised.
Unless = If not We use Unless to mean if….. not in the zero and first conditional. You can’t use it before a past tense. Unless you struggle to succeed, you cannot reach your goal. Or If you don’t struggle to succeed, you cannot reach your goal. Unless it is sunny and warm, Ashley doesn’t allow her daughter to go out. Or If it is not sunny and warm, Ashley doesn’t allow her daughter to go out.
As long as, so long as, provided that, providing that They have similar meaning to if. you come early, you may go. you drive carefully, I will let you drive. I’m allowed to leave whenever I want, I will join you. you don’t break up something, you will get candies. As long as Provided that So long as Providing that As long as Provided that So long as Providing that IF
Imagine that / suppose that / supposing that We can talk about imaginary situations with these. Imagine (that) you were Atatürk. What would you do in order to win the battle? Suppose (that) we were in the North Pole. What would you do? Supposing she said yes. Would you be happy?
We use the third conditional for events in the past which didn’t in fact happen. If my father had kept staying in Germany, I wouldn’t have been here. If I hadn’t broken Zeynep’s heart, we would have been married. We would have suffered much if we had lost at the end of the war. If I’d taken the train on time, I would have been there early. I regret not telling him the truth. If I had told him the truth, he would have forgiven me.
I wish / If only We use these to talk about past regrets. I wish / If only I hadn’t met you. (But I met with you.) I wish / If only I had studied more. (But I didn’t study.) We use these to talk about events or situations which we would like to be true now. I wish I had more money. ( I don’t have more money now.) I wish you were here. ( You aren’t here now)
Time to Exercise Complete the sentences with your own words. I wouldn’t do that If ____________________________________________. ___________________________ If I had found chance to visit Paris. If only the earth ________________________________________________. If you run very much, ___________________________________________. ____________________________, your father will be upset / angry. I wish I hadn’t given my telephone number to him because _______. Unless I need help immediately, __________________________________. Gaziantep will be a better place if _______________________________.