Presentation on theme: "Making Comparisons Superlatives and Comparatives."— Presentation transcript:
Making Comparisons Superlatives and Comparatives
Superlatives are used to point out the number one item or items in a group of three or more Baseball and basketball are the most popular sports in the U.S. The kindest person in this university is the happy security guard. The closest friend I´ve ever had is someone I met in elementary school. One of the bravest person I've ever met is my brother who is a firefighter. Small / the smallest Big/ the biggest Easy / the easiest Happy / The happiest Funny / the funniest Frequent The most frequent Intelligent The most intelligent.
Irregular adjectives and adverbs Good/well Bad Far A little A lot the best the worst the farthest the least the most The next-door neighbor is the most inspiring person I’ve ever met.
What do you think? Example: big problem in the world today I think (one of) the biggest problem(s) in the world today is terrorism. Big problem in the world today. Good way to make friends. (the best) Quick way to learn a language. (the quickest Good thing about life in Chile. Bad thing about life in Chile. (worse) Terrible tragedy in the world. (the most …)
About You Example: big / city / visit New York is the biggest city I have (ever)visited. Beautiful / actress / see Difficult / subject / study Far / distance / travel Bad / food / eat Good / vacation / have Successful/person/know Understanding/friend/ have
About You Example: works hard My mom works the hardest in my family. Lives far from me Speaks English confidently Is well-dressed Watches a lot of TV Worries a lot Works hard Has more fun Be funny
Comparatives – An Overview We use the comparative form to compare two items or groups of items Baseball is more popular than soccer in the U.S. More + longer adjective + than Basketball players are taller than baseball players. Short adjective: -er + than Tall / Taller than Big/ bigger than Easy / Easier than Frequent More frequent than
Tell your partner about these people. Use older than, younger than, smaller than, taller than, fatter than, thinner than, heavier than. MikePeteTrigKate Age12141615 Weight56kg40kg54kg35kg Height1.51m1.45m0.50m1.50m Questions: Who is taller Mike or Trig?
Write sentence to give your opinion about these things. e.g. Santiago / Concepcion (beautiful) Viña / Valparaiso (beautiful). French / German (important). Tennis / basketball (popular). Physics / Calculus (difficult). The movies / music (boring). Concepcion is more beautiful than Santiago.
Compare the people of Chile with the people of other countries. Example: thin Chileans are thinner than people from the U.S. Tall Polite Friendly Formal Serious Educated Happy Wealthy
Irregular adjectives and adverbs Good/well Bad Far A little A lot Better than Worse than.. Farther than.. Less than More than Carol is more hardworking than Yoko is
Work with a partner. Find 5 differences. Examples: I’m lazier than Roberto. Roberto is taking more classes than I am.
Use of As..adjective/adverb.. as to show equality or inequality. Arturo is as tall as a basketball player. Soccer is not as popular as baseball. Soccer players are not the same height as basketball players.
As…As At high altitudes, the brain doesn’t function as clearly as normal Skiing is not as difficult as mountain climbing.
Common Expressions I’d like to see you as soon as possible. I’d like to see you A.S.A.P. To be as quiet as a mouse ( to be very quiet) To be as stubborn as a mule. (to be very determined ) To be as sick as a dog ( I’m very sick) To be as proud as a peacock. To be as gentle as a lamb. ( to be very calm and kind)
“ Do you think that football is better than basketball ? A) Yes, I do B)Maybe C) No, I don´t Tell me why you think that…..? 1.English is easier than Japanese? 2.………………is harder than………………….. 3.………………is sweeter than…………….. 4.…………….is stronger than…………. 5.……………..is prettier than…………… 6.……………..is longer than………………… 7.……………..is taller than……………….. 8.………………is wider than………………… 9.……………..is happier than………………….. 10.……………..is more popular than………………….. 11.………………is more exciting than…………………… 12.………………..is more delicious than……………………
1. In 1994, people saw what may have been the (more spectacular, most spectacular) event of the century. 2. In 1992, Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 passed Jupiter (more closely, more closer) than it had done before. 3. Jupiter’s massive gravity shattered the huge comet into 21 pieces that were (smaller, smallest) than the original. 4. Using the (best, better) data available, astronomers determined that the comet’s pieces would collide with Jupiter during its next flyby in 1994. 5. In mid-July, the (more powerful, most powerful) telescopes in the world turned their lenses on Jupiter. 6. People without telescopes could see the event (more better, better) on their televisions than with the naked eye. 7. The (worse, worst) predictions of all said there would be nothing to see, while the (most positive, positivest) ones said the collision would be the greatest show not on Earth. 8. The first comet piece hit Jupiter (harder, more hardly) than anything viewed before. 9. The impacts were seen (more clearly, clearlier) than anyone had believed possible. 10. For a week, people watched the impact sites, which appeared (darker, more darker) than the rest of Jupiter’s surface. Choose the correct comparative or superlative
1. In 1994, people saw what may have been the most spectacular event of the century. 2. In 1992, Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 passed Jupiter more closely than it had done before. 3. Jupiter’s massive gravity shattered the huge comet into 21 pieces that were smaller than the original. 4. Using the best data available, astronomers determined that the comet’s pieces would collide with Jupiter during its next flyby in 1994. 5. In mid-July, the most powerful telescopes in the world turned their lenses on Jupiter. 6. People without telescopes could see the event, better on their televisions than with the naked eye. 7. The worst predictions of all said there would be nothing to see, while the most positive ones said the collision would be the greatest show not on Earth. 8. The first comet piece hit Jupiter harder than anything viewed before. 9. The impacts were seen more clearly than anyone had believed possible. 10. For a week, people watched the impact sites, which appeared darker than the rest of Jupiter’s surface.
Compare yourself to other people in your family or in this class Example: old My mother is not as old as my father. (My father is older than my mother.) Old Educated Intelligent Patient Lazy Tall Friendly Talkative Use some of the other adjectives : funny, outgoing, shy, reserved, easygoing, thoughtful, stubborn, cheerful, optimistic, sensitive, sensible, generous, reliable, trustworthy, kind, friendly, sociable, easygoing, serious, etc.
As a class: Look at the advertisements below and make comparisons between the products: Advantages of Cool Walkers (1) Cool Walkers are not as expensive as Slim Jimms. (2) (3) Advantages of Slim Jimms: (1) Slim Jimms are more durable than Cool Walkers. (2) (3)
Work in pairs. Compare these items
Making comparisons 1 Expand the following prompts to make complete sentences. 1 Austria/not big/Australia. 2 Can you/talk/bit/loud/please? 3 People/who emigrate/often/quite/lot/happier. 4 He/most/inspire/speaker/I/ever/listen to. 5 More people/move house/spring/winter. 6 Weather/more/changeable/Britain/than/Canary Islands. 7 I/be/more/worried about/see my daughter off/than/her actual trip. 8 He/enjoy/live abroad/much more/before.
Right answers 1 Austria isn’t as big as Australia. 2 Can you talk a bit louder please? 3 People who emigrate are often quite a lot happier. 4 He’s the most inspiring speaker I’ve ever listened to. 5 More people move house in the spring than in the winter. 6 The weather is more changeable in Britain than in the Canary Islands. 7 I was/am more worried about seeing my daughter off than her actual trip. 8 He enjoys living abroad much more than before.
Comparing two things: talk to your partner. Watching a movie at home and watching a movie at a movie theater Two friends of yours You and your parents Any two sports Any two TV shows This university and another university Two different majors: for example Telematica and Informatica Different seasons for example summer/winter Life in this country and life in another country High school and College Raising a pet and raising a child Two career choices or majors you're contemplating Two colleges you've considered attending Two jobs you've had Two books you've read, or two movies you've seen Two close friends Two teachers
Game …………….., I’d like to sit next to you because you´re nicer than me. Sit in a circle. You have to move to the empty chair whenever somebody invites you to sit. You have to say only nice things to your classmates.