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4 th Period SI. Mercury: The Closest Planet Katie Shen.

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Presentation on theme: "4 th Period SI. Mercury: The Closest Planet Katie Shen."— Presentation transcript:

1 4 th Period SI

2 Mercury: The Closest Planet Katie Shen

3 Mercury Information Mercury is one of the terrestrial planets, which means that it has a rocky surface. It is 0.39 AU or 58 million kilometers from the Sun. It is the closest planet to the Sun, so the planet experiences extreme temperature throughout its day. It is hard to view from Earth, because its solar radiation damages telescope optics. It is not a likely place to find life because it has almost no atmosphere and no water. Mercury contains far more metals than the other planet in this solar system. It also has a magnetic field.

4 Mercury Picture Mercury compared to Earth.

5 Venus, Our Sister!! By: Kanithra Sekaran

6 Sister Venus is the second brightest object in Earth’s night sky. Earth’s size is closest to Venus’s. Venus has mountains and plains just like Earth! It has a atmosphere as does Earth.

7 General Information It can only be seen near sunset or sunrise, and it is called either a morning star or a evening star. Thick layers of carbon dioxide compromise Venus's atmosphere. The atmosphere is very hot containing sulfuric acid. The atmospheric pressure at the surface of Venus is 90 times the pressure of Earth’s surface atmospheric pressure. It spins in the opposite direction from other planets and the sun. It is 0.7 Astronomical Unit from the sun. It takes 224 days for Venus to orbit the sun.

8 Venus and the Moon Venus is the second brightest object in Earth’s night sky.

9 Mars Shivram Viswanathan

10 4 th planet from sun 1.5 AU from sun Thin atmosphere –Mostly CO 2 Volcanoes, impact craters and dust storms Ice caps show evidence of solid and (in past) liquid water. 1.9 Earth years – revolution 24.7 Earth hours – rotation Two moons – Phobos; Deimos Facts

11 Mars’s polar ice caps show a slight possibly for the planet to support life.

12 The 5 th Planet: Jupiter Made by Tyler Eston

13 Jupiter is the 5 th and largest planet in our solar system. It’s a gas giant, with a mass slightly less than one-thousandth of the Sun’s mass. Distance from the Sun: –Approximately 5AU. –On average, about 465 million miles. Interesting Facts: As of now, Jupiter has 63 satellites. A large hurricane on Jupiter called the Great Red Spot is twice the diameter of Earth. From Earth, it’s the third brightest object in the night sky (after the Moon and Venus).

14 A relative size comparison of the first four discovered moons: Callisto, Ganymede, Europa, and Io.

15 The Planet of Gas Saturn and its great rings By: Mark Rodkey

16 The Info. Channel Saturn is a whopping million miles from the Sun. Saturn is a big gas planet made mostly of hydrogen and helium. Saturn has 30 named moons. 6 major, 24 minor. We have 1 major moon. Saturn’s 2 largest moons are Rhea and Titan. Saturn is the sixth planet from the sun and is the second largest.

17 And Saturn oh wait wrong Saturn. Here’s the Planet Saturn

18 The Planet Uranus By: Brian Sang Here (Image not to scale)

19 Uranus Uranus is a bluish gas giant planet. It is the 7 th planet in the solar system. Uranus has 11 rings and 27 known moons. Its atmosphere is composed of hydrogen, helium, and methane. The methane gives the planet its blue color. Uranus is 19 AU from the sun, or 1 billion, 780 miles from the sun. Uranus’ axis has a degree tilt. Therefore Uranus is also known as ‘the tilted planet’. A day on Uranus is around 17 hours.

20 The methane gas on Uranus gives it its bluish color.

21 Neptune- One of the many Unique planets of the solar system By: Rushil Shah

22 Neptune Distance from the sun is 30 AU Composed of thick gaseous atmospheres composed of hydrogen, helium, and methane which gives the planet its unique bluish color Rotates 16 hrs per day This 8 th planet from the sun has 3 rings One of Neptune’s irregular moons Triton orbits Neptune in a opposite direction as all other moons

23 The bluish planet Neptune, compared to our Earth.


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