Presentation on theme: "A quick guide to the solar system"— Presentation transcript:
1A quick guide to the solar system The Planets!!!A quick guide to the solar system
2The Inner Planets Close to the sun Rocky surfaces Considered to be the “terrestrial” planets (meaning like earth)MERCURYVENUSEARTHMARS
3Mercury Closest to the sun Smallest true planet Extremely thin atmosphere (some sodium).Low gravity.Extreme Temperature differences between day and nightNo moons
4It was named after Mercury, the swift messenger of the gods in ancient Roman mythology, since it revolves around the sun faster than any other planet.The surface is covered by many craters and ridges as a result of meteorite impacts.
5Venus 2nd from the sun. Considered to be Earth’s twin. High air pressureRetrograde rotation (sun rises in west and sets in the east).Thick atmosphere made of CO2.
6Greenhouse effect keeps the temperature VERY hot!!! (460°C) Day is longer than year.Named after the Roman goddess of love.Brightest planet in the night sky (called the evening star).
7Mars The Red Planet. Red because of iron content on surface. Thin atmosphere of CO2.Temperature closest to Earth’s.Ice caps at both poles.
8Has the largest volcano in the solar system (Olympus Mons). 2 moons:PhobosDeimosHas the largest volcano in the solar system (Olympus Mons).Named after the Roman god of war.
10Gas Giants (Atmosphere is primarily gas) The Outer PlanetsGas Giants (Atmosphere is primarily gas)JUPITERSATURNURANUSNEPTUNE
11Jupiter Largest planet 300x the mass of Earth. Strongest gravityAtmosphere similar to the sun (hydrogen and helium)Considered to be a brown star.Named after Zeus (Jupiter in Roman Mythology).
12Solid core of rock, ice, and frozen CO2. Has 4 large moons:Europa, Callisto, Ganymede, and IoSolid core of rock, ice, and frozen CO2.Has one ring.The great red spot (lg. hurricane like storm).
13Saturn Hundreds of rings. 30 moons (largest = Titan). Made of ice, dust, and chunks of rock30 moons (largest = Titan).Atmosphere is similar to Jupiter (hydrogen and helium).Density is less than 1 (will float on water).Named after Saturnus, the Titan father of Zeus.
14Uranus Has Rings Rotates on its side. Bluish in color because of methane in atmosphere.20 moons.Most mispronounced planet.Discovered in 1781 by William Hershel.Named after the Greek god of the sky.
15NeptuneDiscovered shortly after Uranus due to irregularities in Uranus’ orbit.Methane part of atmosphere (makes it blue).Has visible clouds.Named after Roman god of the sea b/c of its blue color.
17The Dwarf Planets (New additions and demotions) A dwarf planet is an object that orbits the sun, and is nearly round, but is not a satellite of another object, and has not "cleared the neighborhood" of its own orbit.
18Pluto The planet that was RockyDiscovered in 1930Very odd elliptical orbit.Switches places with Neptune as furthest planet.Has not cleared its orbit (the Kuiper Belt).Named after the Roman god of the underworld.Has one moon: Charon
19Ceres The former asteroid Used to be considered one of the largest asteroids in the asteroid belt.Found between Jupiter and MarsNamed after the Roman goddess of growing plants, the harvest, and of motherly love.Was found to be more spherical than other asteroids.Period of Rotation: .38 daysPeriod of revolution: 4.6 yrs.No moons
20Eris The 10th planet Sometimes called Xena. Beyond Pluto Larger than PlutoThe largest dwarf planet.Period of Revolution: 557 years.One moon: DysnomiaA dwarf planet because of its odd orbit around the sun.
21New dwarf planets are being considered and discovered New dwarf planets are being considered and discovered. Who knows what we will consider a part of our solar system in the coming years.