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Presentation on theme: "THE SOLAR SYSTEM CHAPTER 19"— Presentation transcript:

By; Noah, Kyle, Andrew, Andrew, Kyle

2 THE SUN Nine planets orbit the sun
The closest star to Earth, and because of it’s close distance it is bright enough to sustain life on Earth The Sun is the center of our Solar System The Sun’s surface is 15,000,000 degrees Celsius The Sun’s gravity keeps all of the planets in orbit, instead of flying off into space Its diameter is 1.4 million KM, 110 times the diameter of the Earth

3 Mercury Closest planet to the Sun Undertakes extreme temperatures
Is spotted with craters Mercury is .4 AU from the sun Has no atmosphere Temperatures- 670K-103K A day on Mercury is 176 Earth days No life on Mercury, due to no atmosphere

4 Venus 2nd planet from the sun .7 AU from the sun
Thick layers of carbon dioxide clouds rest on Venus which make Venus very reflective Venus has mountains and plains Unlike other planets, Venus rotates in the opposite direction (east to west) Venus’s environment cannot support life because the atmosphere is thickly laced with sulfuric acid Venus has a very strong greenhouse effect

5 Earth Third planet from the sun
Only planet that has proven to sustain life so far Has one moon 80 percent water Ideal conditions for life Earth’s atmosphere protects us from radiation from space

6 Mars Fourth planet from the sun Many missions have been sent to Mars
Has the largest volcanoes in the Solar System Believed that water used to run on Mars Temp- 144K to 300K

7 Jupiter Gas Giant Fifth planet from the sun
Great Red spot is a giant storm 3 times the size of Earth 61 moons 1 day on jupiter is 10 hrs, 1 year is 12 Earth years

8 Saturn Gas giant Biggest ring system 1 day is 10.7 Earth hours
Rings are made of dust, ice, and rock particles Saturn may still be forming Saturn’s outer layers are made of helium

9 Uranus Gas Giant Gaseous atmosphere consists of hydrogen, helium, and methane Methane colors Uranus blue 7th planet from the sun 84 y to orbit the sun 30 AU from the sun

10 Neptune 8th planet from the sun 1 day is 16 hrs
Very close atmosphere to Uranus 1 year on Uranus is 164 Earth years

11 Pluto The oddball planet 1 y is 284 earth y Discovered 1930
Solid icy surface, thin gaseous atmosphere Orbits sun on long ellipse, on a different angle than the rest 40 AU from the sun

12 The Asteroid and Kuiper Belt
Between Mars and Jupiter Divides the inner/outer planets Asteroids are 3km to 700km in diameter Made of iron, nickel, water, rock The Kuiper Belt lies on the outside of the Solar System Made of pieces of planets from the formation of the Solar System Lies beyond the orbit of Neptune


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