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Our Solar System.

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Presentation on theme: "Our Solar System."— Presentation transcript:

1 Our Solar System

2 Objectives Essential Question Objectives
What would life be like on another planet? Objectives Describe conditions on other planets in our solar system Explain why the planets have different conditions (Inner vs. Outer)

3 Retrograde Motion Retrograde motion
A planet’s apparent backward motion in the sky Similar to passing a slower car

4 Measuring Distance in Space
Astronomical Unit (AU) A planets average distance to the Sun Sun to Earth = 1 AU = 1.496x108 km

5 Kepler’s First Law Perihelion – When a planet is closest to the sun in its orbit Aphelion – When a planet is farthest away from the sun in its orbit Eccentricity – The shape of a planets elliptical orbit

6 Terrestrial Planets Inner Planets

7 Mercury No Moons 1/3 size of Earth Mercury has essentially NO atmosphere

8 Surface covered with craters and plains Nickel Iron core
Mercury Temp ranges from 700 K to 100 K Due to slow rotation and proximity to the sun Surface covered with craters and plains Nickel Iron core Molten Zone in the interior

9 Venus No Moons Average temp: 737 K (Runaway Greenhouse Effect)
Almost 90 times greater pressure Retrograde Rotation

10 Venus Atmosphere has Carbon Dioxide and Nitrogen Surface smoothed by volcanic lava flows, few impact craters Interior similar to Earths

11 Earth One Moon Water on Surface Atmosphere 78% N and 21% O

12 Mars Two Moons Thin Atmosphere with constant wind

13 Mars Southern Mars is heavily cratered and high lands
Northern Mars dominated by plains with few craters 4 Shield Volcanoes – Olympus Mons Large because there are no moving tectonic plates Polar Ice caps – dry ice over water ice Interior – Solid Nickel Iron Core

14 Gas Giant Planets Outer Planets

15 Jupiter Eleven times larger than Earth Atmosphere contains H and He
Great Red Spot – Atmospheric Storm that has been rotating for more than 300 years.

16 Jupiter Four Galilean (Satellites)Moons: Io, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto Moons are composed of Ice and Rock mixtures Jupiter has a Ring

17 Saturn Atmosphere composed of Hydrogen, Helium and Ammonia Ice near top of clouds

18 Saturn Rings composed of pieces of rock and ice (Range in size from microscopic to the size of a house) Seven Major rings made up of narrower rings Gravity of Saturn keeps the rings from coming together to form a moon 18 Satellites, largest is Titan

19 Uranus Atmosphere contains Hydrogen, Helium and Methane Gas Methane gives planet its bluish color

20 Rotational Axis is tipped 18 Moon and 10 rings
Uranus Rotational Axis is tipped Possibly caused by a collision 18 Moon and 10 rings Rings are dark in color and hard to see Temperature avg C

21 Neptune Atmosphere contains Hydrogen, Helium and Methane Has clouds
Great Dark Spot – Storm disappeared in 1994

22 Eight moons – Largest Triton
Neptune Eight moons – Largest Triton Triton has a retrograde orbit Neptune has 6 rings composed of microscopic dust particles

23 Pluto Has a solid Surface
Not a Terrestrial Planet or a Gas Giant Planet Half Ice and Half Rock Pluto has a Moon – Charon Past Kuiper Belt Status recently changed – No longer a planet : (

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