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Presentation on theme: "MULTICULTURALISM AND THE AMERICAN CREED Competing Visions of Nationhood."— Presentation transcript:


2 Strategies of the Civil Rights Movement Legal action Non-violent direct action  Boycotting  The sit-in  Marches  The student movement  Confrontation politics  Freedom Rides  Voter Registration Violence  Riots Separation and Black Nationalism “Black Power”

3 Brown v. Board of Education “To separate them from others of similar age and qualifications solely because of their race generates a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone.” ~Chief Justice Earl Warren, 1954

4 “I don’t believe you can change the hearts of men with laws or decisions.”

5 Little Rock, Arkansas (1957)

6 Rosa Parks “Ain’t gonna ride them buses no more Ain’t gonna ride no more Why in the hell don’t the white folk know That I ain’t gonna ride no more.”

7 Martin Luther King Jr.

8 The “Sit-Ins”

9 The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

10 The Freedom Rides

11 Birmingham, Alabama

12 Letter from a Birmingham Jail “For years now I have heard the word ‘Wait!’ It rings in the ear of every Negro with a piercing familiarity. This ‘wait’ has almost always meant ‘never.’ We must come to see with the distinguished jurist of yesterday that ‘justice too long delayed is justice denied.’”

13 The March on Washington (1963)

14 The Free Speech Movement

15 Students for a Democratic Society

16 Civil Rights Act (1964), Voting Rights Act (1965)

17 The Watts Riot, 1965

18 Malcolm X

19 “Black Power” “I am not going to beg a white man for anything I deserve. I am going to take it.” ~Stokely Carmichael

20 The Black Panther Party “We make the statement, quoting from Chairman Mao, that Political Power comes through the Barrel of a Gun.” ~Huey Newton

21 The Weathermen “[Our] goal is the destruction of U.S. imperialism and the achievement of a classless world…the most important task for us…is to creation of a mass revolutionary movement.”

22 Communal Living

23 Altamont

24 Kent State


26 “This should remind us all once again that when dissent turns to violence, it invites tragedy. It is my hope that this tragic and unfortunate incident will strengthen the determination of all the Nation's campuses— administrators, faculty, and students alike—to stand firmly for the right which exists in this country of peaceful dissent and just as strongly against the resort to violence as a means of such expression”

27 Gay Liberation

28 The Stonewall Riots

29 Second Wave Feminism

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