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THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT 1964 - 1968. Challenges and Changes in the Civil Rights Movement 1964-68 New Leaders Black Nationalism Increased violence.

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Presentation on theme: "THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT 1964 - 1968. Challenges and Changes in the Civil Rights Movement 1964-68 New Leaders Black Nationalism Increased violence."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT 1964 - 1968

2 Challenges and Changes in the Civil Rights Movement 1964-68 New Leaders Black Nationalism Increased violence

3 JOHNSON & CIVIL RIGHTS 1964-68

4 Northern Segregation Inner City Ghettos De facto segregation White Flight

5 CIVIL RIGHTS LEADERS & the Black Power Movement Malcolm X Stokely Carmichael Huey Newton Eldridge Cleaver Bobby Seale

6 Race Riots Harlem, Rochester 1964 New York Los Angeles 1965 Watts Riots California Detroit 1967 Michigan

7 1968 : The Commission on Civil Disorders Urban Violence THE KERNER COMMISSION “Our nation is moving toward two societies, one black, one white – separate and unequal.”

8 MALCOLM X Nation of Islam Radical Views Black Pride Racial Separation “Concerning nonviolence: It is criminal to teach a man not to defend himself when he is the constant victim of brutal attacks.” 1964 Elijah Muhammed “Well, if you and I don’t use the ballot, we’re going to be forced to use the bullet. So let us try the ballot.” 1965 Ballots or Bullets ?

9 Rally in Harlem, June 29, 1963, at the height of his popularity as a public speaker. Malcolm X

10 “Concerning nonviolence: It is criminal to teach a man not to defend himself when he is the constant victim of brutal attacks. It is legal and lawful to own a shotgun or a rifle. …The time has come for the American Negro to fight back in self-defense whenever and wherever he is being unjustly and unlawfully attacked.” 1964

11 MLK & Malcolm X “Well, if you and I don’t use the ballot, we’re going to be forced to use the bullet. So let us try the ballot.” Ballots or Bullets Speech “Well, if you and I don’t use the ballot, we’re going to be forced to use the bullet. So let us try the ballot.” 1965 Ballots or Bullets Speech

12 Malcolm X : 1925-1965 Gunned down three months before his 40th birthday, Malcolm X's life was cut short just when his thinking had reached a critical juncture.

13 Stokely Carmichael SNCC Black Power “This is the twenty-seventh time I have been arrested – and I ain’t going to jail no more !… We been saying freedom for six years – and we ain’t got nothin’. What we’re gonna start saying now is BLACK POWER.” Black separatism + self sufficiency Black pride + cultural heritage of blacks Self assertion + retaliation against violence

14 1968 :Olympic Games o Mexico City o Black medalists raise fists for Civil Rights Movement o The two men were Tommie Smith and John Carlos

15 Black Panthers Huey Newton Bobby Seale self defense self sufficiency justice and equality Oakland, CA founders 1966

16 Black Panther Party Founders: (left) Bobby Seale - national chairman: (right) Huey Newton - defense minister Eldridge Cleaver Black Panther leader

17 Black Panther Rally

18 Police and Panthers face off at Oakland Courthouse

19 Black Panther Rally

20 1968 Martin Luther King, Jr. Assassinated Robert F. Kennedy Assassinated End of Civil Rights Movement

21 Maya Angelou - 1993 “Lift up your faces,you have a piercing need For this bright morning dawning on you. History, despite its wrenching pain, Cannot be unlived,but if faced with courage need not be lived again. Lift up your eyes Upon this day breaking for you. Give birth again To the dream.” -On the Pulse of Morning -

22 CONTROVERSY continued and continues Bussing Racial Profiling Affirmative Action Reverse Discrimination IS IT OR

23 James Brown 60s soul artist SAY IT LOUD I’m Black and I’m Proud


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