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DR. FOOTE’S PROPHESY BOOK II. IMMIGRANTS 1865-1900 885,000-3.2 MILLION 26 MIL. 35% POPULATION.

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Presentation on theme: "DR. FOOTE’S PROPHESY BOOK II. IMMIGRANTS 1865-1900 885,000-3.2 MILLION 26 MIL. 35% POPULATION."— Presentation transcript:

1 DR. FOOTE’S PROPHESY BOOK II

2 IMMIGRANTS , MILLION 26 MIL. 35% POPULATION

3 IMMIGRANTS GREAT BRITAIN MIL. CHILDREN TEXTILE MILLS 70 HRS./WEEK /DAY FEMALE

4 WOMEN MILLION NURSING TEACHING SOCIAL WORK % TEXTILE WORKERS LOWER WAGES

5 AFRICAN-AMERICANS FARMING BLACK CODES

6 HORATIO ALGER 1868 COMMON THEME POOR, HARD- WORKING YOUTH WEALTHY PERSON SELFLESS OR HEROIC ACT SUCCESS

7 BUSINESS V. LABOR LAISSEZ- FAIRE SOCIAL DARWINISM FEELING THREATENED GROWING CORPORATION MACHINES IMMIGRANTS MOTIVATION

8 BUSINESS ADVANTAGES PINKERTON DETECTIVE AGENCY WEALTH CONNECTIONS SUPREME COURT

9 SANTA CLARA COUNTY V. SOUTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD-1886 WABASH, ST. LOUIS AND PACIFIC RAILROAD V. ILLINOIS-1886 POLLACK V. FARMERS LOAN AND TRUST

10 WORKERS ADVANTAGES MUNN V. ILLINOIS INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION INTERSTATE COMMERCE ACT-1887 FIRST FEDERAL REGULATORY AGENCY PROHIBITED POOLS, REBATES, DIFFERENT RATES ON HAULS

11 LABOR UNIONS CRAFT UNIONS 1866-CRAFT UNIONS & REFORMERS NATIONAL LABOR UNION MOST IMPORTANT AIM-8 HR. DAY LASTED 6 YRS. ADMITTED BLACKS & WOMEN 1870-NATIONAL LABOR REFORM

12 KNIGHTS OF LABOR 1869-PHILLY TEXTILE WORKERS URIAH STEPHENS 1878-TERRENCE V. POWDERLY GREAT STRIKE OF 1877

13 1873-ECONOMIC DEPRESSION RAILWAY MEN CUT WAGES WAGES FELL 1/3 WORKERS UNABLE TO ORGANIZE STRIKE JULY 1877-ANOTHER WAGE CUT JULY 16-B&O STRIKES

14 GREAT STRIKE (CONT.) 1873 WAGES MARTINSBURG, WEST VIRGINIA GOVERNOR CALLS MILITIA FEDERAL TROOPS TROOPS RESTORE OPERATIONS STRIKE SPREADS HITS PITTSBURG

15 GREAT STRIKE (CONT.) GOVERNOR CALLS PHILLY MILITIA 26 KILLED $5 MILLION PROPERTY DAMAGE STRIKE SPREADS TO SOUTH & MIDWEST ST. LOUIS-GENERAL STRIKE $10 MILLION DAMAGE

16 RESULT KNIGHT MEMBERSHIP ROSE , ,000 POWDERLY OPPOSED TO STRIKES LOSING UNDERMINED UNION ACT POLITICALLY

17 KNIGHT’S AIMS BETTER HEALTH & SAFETY LAWS 8 HR. DAY END TO CHILD LABOR EQUAL PAY FOR EQUAL WORK GRADUATED INCOME TAX

18 COOPERATIVES WORKERS & CONSUMERS SHARED OWNERSHIP & MANAGEMENT CREATED FAILED OR LACK OF CAPTAL, POOR ORGANIZATION, AND COMPETITORS

19 HAYMARKET SQUARE 8 HR. DAY 1 MAY 1886-CHICAGO WORKERS MARCH RELATIVELY PEACEFUL POLICE COME LATER STRIKER KILLED ANARCHISTS

20 HAYMARKET SQUARE (CONT.) 4 MAY-HAYMARKET SQUARE POLICE COME AGAIN POLICE BOMBED ALL HELL BROKE LOOSE 8 POLICEMEN KILLED 4 ANARCHISTS HANGED KNIGHTS PUT WITH ANARCHISTS

21 AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR FOUNDED ST PRESIDENT-SAMUEL GOMPERS CIGARMAKERS UNION SOCIALIST AGE CHANGED HIS MIND

22 AFL V. KNIGHTS OUT OF POLITICS STRIKES CHIEF WEAPON IN POLITICS OPPOSED TO STRIKES

23 AFL MEMBERSHIP INITIALLY 150, MILLION

24 LABOR UNDER SEIGE 1892-AMALGAMATED ASSOCIATION OF IRON, STEEL, & TIN WORKERS STRIKE BROKEN UP BY PINKERTONS 7 PINKERTON & 9 WORKERS KILLED 1893-PULLMAN STRIKE BROKEN UP TROOPS & INJUNCTION

25 THE GRANGE OLIVER KELLY OF DC NATIONAL GRANGE OF THE PARTONS OF HUSBANDRY-1867 MEMBERSHIP OPEN TO ALL 14+ INITIALLY SOCIAL MILLION MEMBERS

26 THE GRANGE (CONT.) 15 STATE LEGISLATURES GRANGER LAWS STANDARD FREIGHT & PASSENGER RATES ON RAILROADS RAILROAD MEN CHALLENGE MUNN V. ILLINOIS-1877 SUCCESS BROUGHT DOWNFALL GOING POLITICAL EXPOSED DIFFERENCES

27 AFTERMATH 1877-KNIGHTS OF RELIANCE 1890-MERGED WITH FARMERS’ CLUBS & AGRICULTURAL WHEELS SOUTHERN ALLIANCE-ALL WHITE COLORED FARMERS NATIONAL ALLIANCE NORTHWESTERN ALLIANCE

28 AFTERMATH (CONT.) TRIED TO UNITE NATIONALLY TOO MUCH POST-WAR ANIMOSITY VERY SUCCESSFUL LOCALLY GENERAL ELECTIONS OF GOVERNORSHIPS, 9 STATEHOUSES, 44 CONGRESSMEN, 3 SENATORS 1892-POPULIST PARTY

29 POPULIST PARTY JULY 1892-OMAHA JAMES B. WEAVER-PRESIDENT GRADUATED INCOME TAX NATIONAL OWNERSHIP OF RAILROAD, TELEGRAPH, & TELEPHONE SYSTEMS UNLIMITED COINAGE OF SILVER

30 POPULIST PARTY (CONT.) POPULAR ELECTION OF US SENATORS DENUNCIATION OF PINKERTON TACTICS 8 HR. DAY RESTRICTION OF “UNDESIRABLE” IMMIGRANTS SUBTREASURY PLAN

31 POPULIST PARTY (CONT.) GENERAL ELECTIONS OF % POPULAR VOTE

32 CLEVELAND ADMINISTRATION ECONOMIC DEPRESSION SILVER V. GOLD DEBATE :1 BIMETALISM WAR BETWEEN THE STATES COINAGE ACT OF 1873-SILVER DROPPED COMPETE WITH GREAT BRITAIN & GERMANY

33 CLEVELAND (CONT.) NEW DEPOSITS “CRIME OF ’73” NO SUCCESS ALLIANCE WITH FARMERS BLAND-ALLISON ACT OF 1878-$2-$4 MIL./MONTH GOOD TIMES TO BAD TIMES

34 CLEVELAND (CONT.) SHERMAN SILVER PURCHASE ACT OF MI. OZ./MONTH PANIC OF DEPRESSION DEEPENED JACOB COXEY MARCH ON DC-1 MAY 1894 PUBLIC WORKS 1895-$41 MILLION IN HARD GOLD WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN-DEM. WILLIAM McKINLEY-REP.

35 PLESSY V. FERGUSON SEPARATE BUT EQUAL

36 PLESSY (CONT.) HOMER A. PLESSY 1890-ACT TO PROMOTE THE COMFORT OF PASSENGERS SOUTHERN WHITES NEW ORLEANS LOUIS A MARTINET CITIZENS’ COMMITTEE TO TEST THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE SEPARATE CAR LAW

37 PLESSY (CONT.) ALBION W. TOURGEE-N.Y. SUBMISSION CONSTANT RESISTANCE RAILROAD MANAGEMENT PUBLIC OPINION EAST LOUISIANA RAILWAY 7 JUNE 1892-PLESSY

38 PLESSY (CONT.) JOHN H. FERGUSON LOUISIANA STATE SUPREME COURT 14 TH AMENDMENT TOURGEE’S ARGUMENTS MISIDENTIFICATION WHITE SELF-CONCEPT LAW INCOMPATIBLE WITH CONSTITUTION

39 PLESSY (CONT.) JUSTICES’ SELF-CONCEPT 18 MAY TO 1 HENRY BILLINGS BROWN REFERENCE TO ESTABLISHED USAGES, CUSTOMES AND TRADITIONS JOHN MARSHALL HARLAN- DESSENTING

40 WILLIAM McKINLEY ECONOMIC RECOVERY DINGLEY TARIFF-1897 GOLD STANDARD ACT-1900


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